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  • Our research has been based on 3 parameters to achieve EFFECTIVE foreign language learning: A research-based teaching goal 2. scaffolding techniques as a way to reach the goal 3. Multiple-intelligence driven scaffolding PROTO: proto—first example of something, from which other things may develop

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  • 1. A Scaffolding for Non-English Majors to Polish Vocabulary 九十五年十一月 十一 日 English Teachers Association-ROC Janette Custodio Yuvienco 俞燕妮 Hwang, hsuan-ying 黃宣穎 Bloom’s 6 Levels of Education 9-grid Protomnema http://www.brainconnection.com/med/edimg/l/multiple-intelligence.jpg Multi-sensorial: Visual, Aural & kinaesthetic Knowledge Comprehension Application Analysis Synthesis Evaluation
  • 2. Presentation Map
    • Rationale
    • Research Questions
    • An example of Protomnema
    • Components & Features
    • Conclusions & Implications
    • Q & A
  • 3. Research Questions
    • What tools & processes aid scaffolding instruction?
    • What are the components of a scaffolding material?
    • What are the features of a scaffolding material?
    http://www.clintonstreet.org/cuba/tuesday/pages/blue_scaffolding.htm
  • 4. Protomnema: SNOW Translation Objectifying Thesaurus Conceptualization Association Transference Contextualization Intonation Comparison 雪 [ snō ] Weather -Color: snow white Iceland Princess Snowflake Fire T O C T A C T I C Back RQ
  • 5. Components of Protomnema Protomnema 1 Tools-related 2 Learning Style 1a Tools-Free 1b Tools-dependent Visual Aural Kinaesthetic
  • 6. Bloom’s Six Levels of Education Higher order of Thinking http://coe.sdsu.edu/eet/Articles/BloomsT/index.htm Evaluation Synthesis Analysis Application Comprehension Knowledge Lower Order of Thinking Protomnema Feature Wholistic
  • 7. K-A-V Learning Style Kinesthetic Action-based Learning Auditory: Aural-based Learning Visual: Graphic/text based Learning
  • 8. Multi-sensorial Learning NOTE: V* These are learning processes classified as para-visual as they entail accessing pictures and images not through one’s physical eyes, but through one’s imagination. Transference (V*) Contextualization (V*) Identification of antonym (K-V) Association (V*) Definition (K-V) Conceptualization (K-V) Translation (K-V) Intonation (K-A) Objectifying (K-V) Text-based Learning Processes Audio-based Learning Processes Graphic-based Learning Processes
  • 9. Protomnemic Levels of Learning Attach, Select Support Conceptualization Creating standards of judgment Evaluation 6 Construct, Create, Transference Objectifying Going beyond what is known through production of new ideas Synthesis 5 Compare, Discriminate Differentiate Comparison Breaking down materials in to components through differences & similarities Analysis 4 Apply, Illustrate, Interpret Contextualization Applying concepts in real world situations Application 3 Describe, Classify, Recall Recognize Association; Showing understanding through description Comprehension 2 Name, Identify, Label Translation; Intonation; Thesaurus Knowing specific facts Knowledge 1 Learning actions Protomnema Definition Level of Learning  
  • 10. Tools-related Processes-1 Objectification; Conceptualization Image-database Intonation IPA e-chart Thesaurus (or definition of word) Contrast (Antonym) Thesaurus Translation; Dictionary PROCESSES TOOLS
  • 11. Tools-free Processes-2 Transference Contextualization THOUGHT Association IMAGINATION PROCESSES
  • 12. Answers to Queries
    • What tools & processes aid scaffolding instruction?
    • What are the components of a scaffolding material?
    • What are the features of a scaffolding material?
    P9 & 10 C O T C A T C I T Knowledge Comprehension Application Analysis Synthesis Evaluation
  • 13. Other Features of Protomnema
    • Goal-reminder
    • Interest-sustainer
    • Ego-booster
    • Word-generator
    After spending many hours in protomnema, one cannot but always remember that English is really very important. I never knew there were so many enjoyable ways of learning vocabulary. I don’t speak English well now, but completing the protomnema feels so good. One accumulates so many words with just one word.
  • 14. Students’ Protomnema-1
  • 15. Student’s Protomnema-2
  • 16. A Scaffolding for Non-English Majors to Polish Vocabulary Question & Answer Bloom’s 6 Levels of Education 9-grid Protomnema http://www.brainconnection.com/med/edimg/l/multiple-intelligence.jpg Multi-sensorial: Visual, Aural & kinaesthetic Janette Custodio Yuvienco 俞燕妮 Hwang, hsuan-ying 黃宣穎 Knowledge Comprehension Application Analysis Synthesis Evaluation