Quiz 1-1 Study Guide


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Quiz 1-1 Study Guide

  1. 1. Chapter 1 Quiz #1 (Nature of Science) Study GuideScience 8 Name: ________________MASD Date: ________________Mr. Motuk1. The study of forces, motion, energy, and their effects on matter is the study of______.2. The process of observing, explaining, and understanding things in our world; meanshaving knowledge. ____________________________3. The image below would be studied by a meteorologist. a. True b. False4. The application of scientific discoveries; can both contribute to our problems andsolve problems. ____________________________5. Read each description given and identify the area of science that would be primarilyinvolved. ______. The study of storm patterns. ______. The examination of fossils. ______. The study of the stars, planets, etc. ______. The studies of volcanoes and earthquakes. ______. The study of climates. ______. The study of how mountains are formed. a. Oceanography b. Geology c. Astronomy d. Meteorology6. Match the scientific instrument with the correct function.______. Magnify small objects______. Take photographs of Earth and other planets.______. Probe the depths of space and help make far away objects easier to see.______. Store and analyze information. a. Satellites b. Telescopes c. Computers d. MicroscopesPage 1 of 3
  2. 2. Chapter 1 Quiz #1 (Nature of Science) Study Guide7. Match the field of science with its major area.______. Biology______. Botany______. Astronomy______. Physical Science______. Oceanography______. Geology______. Genetics (The study of human genes) a. Physics b. Earth Science c. Life Science8. Match the description with the field of Science it describes.______. The study of living things.______. The study of plants. (Not in the notes, but we did discuss it during class)______. The study of the ocean and the life that exists in the ocean. a. Life Science b. Botany c. Oceanography9. Match the definition with the correct term.______. A measure of the amount of matter in an object; SI unit is the kilogram.______. The study of Earths Oceans, their processes, and life within them.______. The study of Earths weather and the forces that it causes.______. A prediction about a problem that can be tested; may be used to form a theory.______. A scientific rule of nature that describes the behavior of something in nature,but does not explain why something will happen in a given situation. a. Oceanography b. Hypothesis c. Meteorology d. Mass e. Law10. If you worked for NASA you would be studying Astronomy. a. True b. False11. If you worked for NASA you would be studying Astrology. a. True b. False12. A modern version of the Metric System that is used by most people around the world. ________________________13. Early (ancient) astronomers used their eyes to study the night sky because they didnot have telescopes. a. True b. False14. Earth Science is divided into _________ specific areas of study.15. Two of the specific areas of Earth Science are ___________ and _____________16. Using your definition of the Scientific Method, order the steps correctly.Page 2 of 3
  3. 3. Chapter 1 Quiz #1 (Nature of Science) Study Guide17. Which field of Earth Science would study the image below? _____________________18. Which field of science is NOT considered one of the four major sciences? a. Oceanography b. Life Science c. Earth Science d. Physics19. _____________ A measure of the force of gravity on an object.20. _________________ is the study of properties and composition of matter.21. ______________________ means having knowledge.22. _____________In an experiment, the standard used for comparison.Page 3 of 3