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  • 1. China has the largest combined land bordered in the world. China shares maritime boundaries with South Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Taiwan and Philippines. China is the most populous country, with a population over 1.35 billion. China’s capital is Beijing. China has 5 autonomous region, 4 direct-controlled municipalities 2 mostly self-governing special administrative region (HK and Macau) Also claims Taiwan- which is controlled by Republic Of China as it’s 23rd province due to Taiwan’s complex political status and unresolved Chinese Civil War.
  • 2. China is the world’s largest country by land area covering approximately 9.6 million km sq. China’s military has 2.3 million active troops. People’s Liberation Army is the largest standing military in the world. 3rd/4th largest in the world by total area. Climate: Extremely diverse. Tropical to the south, subarctic to the north.
  • 3. China officially recognizes 56 distinct ethnic groups, the largest of which are the Han Chinese, who constitute about 91.51% of the total population. The Han Chinese – the world's largest single ethnic group – outnumber other ethnic groups in every province, municipality and autonomous region except Tibet and Xinjiang, and are descended from ancient Huaxia tribes living along the Yellow River.
  • 4. Language The most spoken varieties are Mandarin (70% of the population) Wu- includes Shanghainese Yue- includes Cantonese &Taishanese Min- Hokkien & Teochew Xiang Gan
  • 5. National Symbol Animal: Giant Panda
  • 6. Bird: Red-crowned Crane
  • 7. Dress: changshan (men) cheongsam (women)
  • 8. Flag
  • 9. Fruit: Kiwifruit
  • 10. Mythical Symbol
  • 11. Sport: Table Tennis
  • 12. Anthem
  • 13. Emblem
  • 14. Tree: Gingko Tree
  • 15. Natural Resources • Coal • iron ore • Petroleum • natural gas • Mercury • tin • tungsten • antimony • manganese • molybdenum • vanadium • magnetite • aluminum, • lead, zinc • rare earth elements, • Uranium • hydropower potential (world's largest)
  • 16. Religion Buddhism Buddhism was introduced to China around the first century A.D. Since the fourth century A.D, it was widely spread and gradually became the most influential religion in China. Buddhism in China is divided into three branches according to varied language families, namely, Chinese Buddhism, Tibetan Buddhism and Pali Buddhism and there are about 200 thousand Buddhist monks and nuns under these three branches. At present, there are more than 13 thousand Buddhist temples that are open to the public, 33 Buddhist colleges and nearly 50 types of Buddhist publications in China.
  • 17. Taoism Taoism is a typically traditional religion in China with a history of more than 18 hundred years since the second century A.D. It advocates the worship of natural objects and ancestors as was practiced since time immemorial and had various factions in the history; later, it evolved into two major factions, namely, Quanzhen and Zhengyi Taoism, and was fairly influential among Han people.
  • 18. Islam Islam was introduced to China in the seventh century A.D with nearly 18 million believers from Hui, Uygur, Tartar, Kirgiz, Kazakh, Ozbek, Dongxiang, Sala and Baoan nationalities. Most of the Muslims in China live in compact communities in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Gansu, Qinghai and Yunnan Provinces; besides, some Muslims in small groups live in other provinces or cities in China. At present, there are more than 30 thousand mosques in China with over 40 thousand imams or ahungs.
  • 19. Catholicism Catholicism was first introduced to China in the seventh century and widely spread across the country after the Opium War in 1840. At present, Chinese Catholic Church boasts one hundred parishes, some five million believers, nearly five thousand cathedrals and places for religious activities and twelve theological seminaries. Christianity Christianity was introduced to China in early 19th century and widely spread after 1840s. In 1950, the church called on its believers to shake off the vestige of foreign imperialist influence and uphold patriotism in order to achieve self-administration, self-supporting and self-propagation, which are the cardinal principle of Chinese Christianity. At present, there are about ten million Christian believers, 18 thousand priests and 12 churches or religious sites in China.
  • 20. Culture and Arts
  • 21. Child Cannibalismdescribes the act of eating a child or fetus. Accounts, especially modern ones, are often rumors or urban legends. There have been some media stories pursuing incidents involving the consumption of children and fetuses. Controversy was sparked when images showing what appeared to be human fetuses were being published in China. Reports later explained that the images were part of an artist's exhibition (Zhu Yu (artist)) and was not a real fetus but just to be in a contemporary artwork. The artwork is called "Eating people" and was made to protest against cannibalism.
  • 22. Dance
  • 23. Dunhuang Dance
  • 24. Lion Dance
  • 25. Food Jiaozi (filled dumplings, guotie)
  • 26. Noodles
  • 27. Spring Festival (Chinese New Year)
  • 28. Educational System
  • 29. Education in the People's Republic of China is a state-run system of public education run by the Ministry of Education. All citizens must attend school for at least nine years. The government provides primary education for six to nine years, starting at age six or seven, followed by six years of secondary education for ages 12 to 18. Some provinces may have five years of primary school but four years for middle school. There are three years of middle school and three years of high school. In the early 1980s the government allowed the establishment of the first private schools.
  • 30. Economy
  • 31. The Socialist market economy of People's Republic of China (PRC) is the world's second largest economy by nominal GDP and by purchasing power parity after the United States. It is the world's fastest-growing major economy, with growth rates averaging 10% over the past 30 years. China is also the largest exporter and second largest importer of goods in the world. Recognized nuclear weapon state. World’s largest exporter of goods. GPD: US $8.227 Trillion according to the International Monetary Fund Currency: Renminbi ; Unit: Yuan Fiscal Year: (1 January to 31 December)
  • 32. Tourist Spots
  • 33. Great Wall of China
  • 34. Terracotta Warriors
  • 35. Forbidden City
  • 36. Summer Palace
  • 37. Bund Of Shanghai
  • 38. Leshan Giant Buddha
  • 39. Temple Of Heaven
  • 40. Beijing National Stadium
  • 41. Jiuzhaigou Valley
  • 42. Heaven’s Gate
  • 43. Pedestrian Brigde
  • 44. National Centre for the Performing Arts
  • 45. Jiaozhou Bay Bridge
  • 46. China’s Speed Railway Line
  • 47. CCTV Headquarters
  • 48. Tibetan Mastiff
  • 49. Bailong Elevator
  • 50. Avatar Mountains
  • 51. Red Sea Beach