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  • Hello … I’m going to introduce you to some useful sources… Some, you will already be familiar with…
  • Before demonstrating some actual sites, this is a brief overview of what I’m going to cover First, I’ll explain why it’s not such… Then I’ll cover some © basics Then we’ll look at the CC licensing system And finally I’ll show
  • The first point I want to address is the use of … We’ve all done it and for many of us… Thousands of seemingly relevant results in seconds… Particularly in the case of images and more recently video
  • The main issue with digital media found via search engines is not knowing where it comes from and whether you’re allowed to use it Type Mona Lisa into Google Images – thousands of versions from all sorts of websites – no real indication where they come from You’ll also get some ‘creative interpretations’ of the original, not wholly suited…
  • Search engines will happily point you to material that is protected by copyright Another issue with search engines is that they are not able to show you everything on the internet – a lot of material is held in databases It depends what you’re looking for, but there can be issues with image or sound quality when you choose material found via search engines
  • I wonder about the quality of material being produced by these… Material that may well end up in search results for Mona Lisa
  • Copyright as I’m sure you’re aware is a complex area I’m not a legal expert, so what follows is a brief overview of some of the points to be aware of when choosing material to use in your own work Some of it may seem obvious but it’s worth making explicit here There’s a common assumption … This is not so, copyright exists as soon as a work is created and does not need to be asserted – in other words, it doesn’t need to be registered or have the © symbol
  • If you take a photo © belongs to you (or your employer…) The basic stance to take is if in any doubt… and you do not have the right to use it unless explicit permission is given
  • So, copyright is automatic, but the author or owner can choose to make it available by transferring the rights, temporarily or permanently by So how can you make sure you’re protected from legal action
  • So how can you make sure you’re protected from legal action Well,
  • Well, here’s a quick checklist:
  • … and these are the copyright exceptions, what are known as permitted uses Please note these are not right to use a work, but defences should anyone seek a copyright claim against you
  • Recorded music – you will still need a PRS licence e.g audio tape version of document So, it’s all very complicated – where can we turn for a simpler alternative?
  • Thankfully there are works which creators and owners are happy for you to use…
  • This where Creative Commons can be useful
  • You might have heard of CC, but what exactly is it?
  • There are four licence conditions that sit between … These are the four that are used in combination The most basic is Attribution, where the owner allows Others allow you to use the work non-commercially, or as long as you don’t make derivs – collage Share Alike means anything you create needs to be licenced in the same way
  • Not because they are being malicious, they don’t understand the system
  • CC is very useful, but need to be aware you are not infringing other rights – e.g. have people given permission to use their likeness?
  • CC is very useful, but need to be aware you are not infringing other rights – e.g. have people given permission to use their likeness? Silhouettes or back views can be useful if not identifiable Be wary of trademarks, logos In the case of audio there are performance and recording rights
  • Let’s now look at some useful sources of free-to-use (and nearly free-to-use)…

Where to find images, video and audio   1 Where to find images, video and audio 1 Presentation Transcript

  • Where to find images, video and audio Joel Eaton JISC Digital Media RSC South East - e-Copyright and Plagiarism - 13 July 2010
  •  
  • JISC Digital Media
    • Formerly TASI - Technical Advisory Service for Images
    • A JISC Advance service
    • Advice, guidance and training to the UK’s further and higher education community
    • Creating digital media resources - images, video and audio
    • Delivering digital media resources to users
    • Using digital media resources to support teaching, learning and research
    • Managing both small and large scale digitisation projects
    What our users are doing
  • Ways in which you can access our help
    • Helpdesk
    • Technical advice documents
    • Training
    • Blog
    • Online surgery
    • Consultancy
  • Content
    • Introduction to JISC Digital Media
    • What’s wrong with Google?
    • Copyright in a (very small) nutshell
    • Creative Commons
    • Sources of free-to-use images, video and audio
  • What’s wrong with Google (and other search engines)?
  •  
  • What’s wrong with Google (and other search engines)?
    • Copyright issues
    • Access to content in databases
    • Image/sound quality
  •  
  • Copyright in a (very small) nutshell
    • Just because it’s on the web, doesn’t mean you can use it
    • Works are inherently copyright- protected when created, the rights usually belonging to the creator
  • Copyright in a (very small) nutshell
    • If in doubt, assume full copyright protection applies
    • Unless explicit permission is given by the owner you are not entitled to download, copy or print the material
  • Copyright in a (very small) nutshell
    • Copyright is automatic, but rights can be:
      • Sold, assigned
      • Licensed (exclusively or non-exclusively)
      • Waived
      • Bequeathed
      • Expired (unlikely for majority of material on web)
  •  
  • Checklist for using copyright works
    • Only use if:
      • You own the rights
      • The rights holders give you permission
      • The rights have expired
      • Under the copyright exceptions
  • Copyright exceptions
    • Permitted uses or ‘fair dealing’
      • ‘ Insubstantial’ part of work (substantial = ‘qualitatively significant’)
      • Non-commercial research or private study
      • Criticism, review, reporting current events
  • Copyright exceptions
    • Permitted uses or ‘fair dealing’
      • Teaching in educational establishments (non-reprographic copying; exams; performing or showing for ed purposes)
      • Non-profit playing of recorded music
      • Helping visually impaired people
      • Buildings, sculptures, works of artistic craftsmanship in public places
  •  
  •  
  • Creative Commons
    • Licensing system developed to help make works available for free and legal sharing, use, repurposing, and remixing
  • Creative Commons Copyright - All rights reserved Public Domain - No rights reserved Non-commercial No derivative works Share alike Attribution The four licence conditions, used in combination Some rights reserved
  • Warning!
    • Not uncommon for people to upload work that is not their own and make it available under Creative Commons licences
    • Up to you to evaluate the work you find
  • Other issues to be aware of
    • Model release – permission to use a likeness
    • Model release – permission to use a likeness
    • Trademarks – products names, company logos
    • Performance rights, recording rights
  • Sources of free-to-use images, video and audio
    • JISC Collections
    • Creative Commons and other ‘free’ collections
    • Not quite free: low-cost collections
  • Further information and links
    • Finding Video, Audio and Images Online www.jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk/crossmedia/advice/finding-video-audio-and-images-online/
    • Finding Subject-Specific Digital Media Resources
    • www.jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk/crossmedia/advice/ finding-subject-specific-digital-media-resources/
  • Further information and links
    • Online Tutorials:
      • Internet for Image Searching
      • www.vts.intute.ac.uk/tutorial/imagesearching/
      • Internet for Video and Moving Images
      • http://www.vts.intute.ac.uk/tutorial/video/
      • Internet for Audio Resources
      • http://www.vts.intute.ac.uk/tutorial/audio/
  • Image credits Photo by sergeymk on Flickr Used under a Creative Commons licence flickr.com/photos/sergeymk/25518825/ Photo by Dorothea Lange From Library of Congress on Flickr The Commons No known copyright restrictions flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/3549663710/ Photo by mollybob on Flickr Used under a Creative Commons licence flickr.com/photos/shelleygibb/2700442833/ Photo by tidefan on Flickr Used under a Creative Commons licence flickr.com/photos/thebirdwells/2721654446/ Photo by Eisenheim on Flickr Used under a Creative Commons licence flickr.com/photos/criminologue/4385707164/ Photo by Cosmic Jans on Flickr Used under a Creative Commons licence flickr.com/photos/cosmicjans/331357777/ Photo by Pedro Moura Pinheiro on Flickr Used under a Creative Commons licence flickr.com/photos/ pedromourapinheiro/4377875589/ Photo by macca on Flickr Used under a Creative Commons licence flickr.com/photos/macca/401829244/
  • Thanks Joel Eaton [email_address] Website jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk Helpdesk jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk/helpdesk Mailing list jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk/mailing-list Twitter twitter.com/jiscdigital Contact info@jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk or 0117 331 4447