The first point I want to address is the use of … We’ve all done it and for many of us… Thousands of seemingly relevant results in seconds… Particularly in the case of images and more recently video
The main issue with digital media found via search engines is not knowing where it comes from and whether you’re allowed to use it Type Mona Lisa into Google Images – thousands of versions from all sorts of websites – no real indication where they come from You’ll also get some ‘creative interpretations’ of the original, not wholly suited…
Search engines will happily point you to material that is protected by copyright Another issue with search engines is that they are not able to show you everything on the internet – a lot of material is held in databases It depends what you’re looking for, but there can be issues with image or sound quality when you choose material found via search engines
I wonder about the quality of material being produced by these… Material that may well end up in search results for Mona Lisa
So, copyright is automatic, but the author or owner can choose to make it available by transferring the rights, temporarily or permanently by So how can you make sure you’re protected from legal action
So how can you make sure you’re protected from legal action Well,
Well, here’s a quick checklist:
… and these are the copyright exceptions, what are known as permitted uses Please note these are not right to use a work, but defences should anyone seek a copyright claim against you
Recorded music – you will still need a PRS licence e.g audio tape version of document So, it’s all very complicated – where can we turn for a simpler alternative?
Thankfully there are works which creators and owners are happy for you to use…
This where Creative Commons can be useful
You might have heard of CC, but what exactly is it?
There are four licence conditions that sit between … These are the four that are used in combination The most basic is Attribution, where the owner allows Others allow you to use the work non-commercially, or as long as you don’t make derivs – collage Share Alike means anything you create needs to be licenced in the same way
Not because they are being malicious, they don’t understand the system
CC is very useful, but need to be aware you are not infringing other rights – e.g. have people given permission to use their likeness?
CC is very useful, but need to be aware you are not infringing other rights – e.g. have people given permission to use their likeness? Silhouettes or back views can be useful if not identifiable Be wary of trademarks, logos In the case of audio there are performance and recording rights
Let’s now look at some useful sources of free-to-use (and nearly free-to-use)…
Where to find images, video and audio Joel Eaton JISC Digital Media RSC South East - e-Copyright and Plagiarism - 13 July 2010
Licensing system developed to help make works available for free and legal sharing, use, repurposing, and remixing
Creative Commons Copyright - All rights reserved Public Domain - No rights reserved Non-commercial No derivative works Share alike Attribution The four licence conditions, used in combination Some rights reserved
Image credits Photo by sergeymk on Flickr Used under a Creative Commons licence flickr.com/photos/sergeymk/25518825/ Photo by Dorothea Lange From Library of Congress on Flickr The Commons No known copyright restrictions flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/3549663710/ Photo by mollybob on Flickr Used under a Creative Commons licence flickr.com/photos/shelleygibb/2700442833/ Photo by tidefan on Flickr Used under a Creative Commons licence flickr.com/photos/thebirdwells/2721654446/ Photo by Eisenheim on Flickr Used under a Creative Commons licence flickr.com/photos/criminologue/4385707164/ Photo by Cosmic Jans on Flickr Used under a Creative Commons licence flickr.com/photos/cosmicjans/331357777/ Photo by Pedro Moura Pinheiro on Flickr Used under a Creative Commons licence flickr.com/photos/ pedromourapinheiro/4377875589/ Photo by macca on Flickr Used under a Creative Commons licence flickr.com/photos/macca/401829244/
Thanks Joel Eaton [email_address] Website jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk Helpdesk jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk/helpdesk Mailing list jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk/mailing-list Twitter twitter.com/jiscdigital Contact email@example.com or 0117 331 4447