Reading comprehension 2
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Practice reading comprehension. This good practice for those of you who are taking an entrance exam soon.

Practice reading comprehension. This good practice for those of you who are taking an entrance exam soon.

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Reading comprehension 2 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Live Free / Speak Free
  • 2. Reading Comprehension for Grade 2
  • 3. 76543218Short Passages
  • 4. Reading Comprehension 1Directions: Read the passage. Then answer the questions below.PassageMy father is a construction worker. He builds houses. Hebuilds schools. He builds houses and schools. He uses ahammer and a saw.My brother is an engineer. He designs buildings. He designsbridges. He designs buildings and bridges. He uses a penciland a calculator.My son is an athlete. He plays soccer. He plays tennis. Heplays soccer and tennis. He uses a racket and a ball.My daughter is an artist. She draws pictures of animals. Shedraws pictures of people. She draws pictures of animals andpeople. She uses a pencil and a piece of paper.
  • 5. 1) Who is a construction worker?A. my fatherB. my daughterC. my son2) What does my brother do?A. He is a construction worker.B. He is an engineer.C. He is an artist.3) Who uses a saw?A. my fatherB. my brotherC. my sonQuestions4) Who uses a racket?A. my daughterB. my brotherC. my son5) Who uses a pencil?I. my brotherII. my daughterIII. my fatherA. I onlyB. I and II onlyC. I, II, and III6) Who probably uses an eraser?A. my daughterB. my brotherC. my son1) A2) B3) A4) C5) B6) ACheck Answers
  • 6. Reading Comprehension 2Directions: Read the passage. Then answer the questions below.PassageJames wants a dog. He walks to the pet store.James sees the animals at the pet store.He sees the cats. He sees the rabbits. He sees thebirds. He sees the mice. He sees the dogs.“How much does the dog cost?” James says.“Twenty dollars,” the man says.James gives the man twenty dollars. James buys thedog. The dog walks home with James. Now Jameshas a pet.
  • 7. Questions1) What kind of pet does James want?A. a birdB. a catC. a dog2) What kinds of animals does Jamessee at the pet store?I. rabbitsII. miceIII. lizardsA. I onlyB. I and II onlyC. I, II, and III3) James does not see theA. MiceB. fishC. cats4) What pet does James buy?A. a birdB. a rabbitC. a dog5) How much does the dogcost?A. 15 dollarsB. 20 dollarsC. 30 dollars6) What is the best title forthis passage?A. James Sees the CatsB. James Buys a PetC. Twenty DollarsCheck Answers4) C5) B6) B1) C2) B3) B
  • 8. Reading Comprehension 3Directions: Read the passage. Then answer the questions below.PassageRebecca likes to make cookies. She makes chocolatecookies. She makes nut cookies. Rebecca makeschocolate and nut cookies.Rebecca likes to make cakes. She makes yellowcakes. She makes white cakes. Rebecca makesyellow and white cakes.Rebecca likes to make pies. She makes apple pies.She makes lemon pies. Rebecca makes apple andlemon pies.
  • 9. Questions1) What kinds of cookies doesRebecca make?A. chocolate and nutB. fudge and nutC. chocolate and oatmeal2) What color are Rebecca’s cakes?A. white and brownB. yellow and blueC. yellow and white3) What kind of pie doesRebecca make?I. lemon pieII. cherry pieIII. chocolate pieA. I onlyB. I and II onlyC. I, II, and III4) Rebecca does not makeA. cakesB. breadC. pies3) A4) B1) A2) CCheck Answers
  • 10. 5) Rebecca makesI. cakesII. cookiesIII. muffinsA. I onlyB. I and II onlyC. I, II, and III6) Rebecca makesA. nut pies and applecakesB. chocolate pies andlemon cookiesC. yellow cakes andchocolate cookies7) Rebecca is aA. waiterB. bakerC. chef8) Rebecca probably alsomakesA. breadB. eggsC. candyCheck Answers7) B8) A5) B6) C
  • 11. Reading Comprehension 4Directions: Read the passage. Then answer the questions below.PassageYoshi is hungry. Yoshi wants to eat.Yoshi walks to the store. Yoshi walks to the grocerystore. Yoshi walks to the grocery store because he wantssomething to eat.Yoshi arrives at the grocery store. It is late. The sky isdark.Yoshi buys an orange, an apple, a banana, and a mango.The orange costs 50 cents. The apple costs 60 cents. Thebanana costs 10 cents. The mango costs 90 cents.
  • 12. Questions1) Yoshi walks to the grocery storebecauseA. he wants something to buyB. he wants something to eatC. he cannot sleep2) What time does Yoshi arrive atthe store?A. at nightB. in the morningC. in the afternoon3) Yoshi buysA. a pineappleB. a tomatoC. a banana4) Yoshi does not buyA. a mangoB. a plumC. an apple5) What kind of food doesYoshi buy?A. fruitB. meatC. vegetables6) How much does the orangecost?A. 50 centsB. 60 centsC. 70 centsCheck Answers1) B2) A3) C4) B5) A6) A
  • 13. 7) What is the most expensivething at the store?A. the orangeB. the mangoC. the banana8) What is the least expensivething?A. the mangoB. the appleC. the banana9) How much money doesYoshi spend at the store?A. 2 dollarsB. 2 dollars and 10 centsC. 2 dollars and 20 centsCheck Answers9) B7) B8) C
  • 14. Reading Comprehension 5Directions: Read the passage. Then answer the questions below.PassageTom is going on a trip to the mountains.Tom needs to take his bag. The bag is brown. The bag is small.The bag is small and brown.Tom opens the bag. Tom wants to put things in the bag. Tomwants to pack his bag.Tom puts a toothbrush in the bag.Tom puts a map in the bag.Tom puts boots in the bag.Tom puts a camera in the bag.Tom puts a book in the bag.Tom closes the bag. But the bag cannot close!Tom takes the boots out of the bag. He puts them on his feet.Snap! Snap!Now the bag can close. Tom is ready to go!
  • 15. Questions1) Where is Tom going?A. He is going on a trip to thecity.B. He is going on a trip to thebeach.C. He is going on a trip to themountains.2) Tom has a bag. His bag isI. smallII. brownIII. oldA. I onlyB. I and II onlyC. I, II, and III3) What does Tom put in thebag?I. a mapII. moneyIII. a jacketA. I onlyB. I and II onlyC. I, II, and III4) Tom does not put _________in the bag.A. bootsB. a cameraC. a hat3) A4) C1) C2) BCheck Answers
  • 16. 5) If you pack a bag, this mean youA. take things out of itB. put things into itC. open and close it6) Using the things in the bag, Tomcan _________ on the trip.A. go fishingB. take picturesC. make a tent7) After Tom puts his things in thebag, he _________ the bag.A. putsB. closesC. opens8) What does Tom take out ofthe bag?A. bootsB. a cameraC. a toothbrush9) What is the best title forthis passage?A. A Trip to the MountainsB. Tom Packs His BagC. Tom Puts a Camera inthe BagCheck Answers8) A9) B5) B6) B7) B
  • 17. Reading Comprehension 6Directions: Read the passage. Then answer the questions below.PassageMy name is Eric. I am 12. I want to talk about my family.I have two sisters. Their names are Rachel and Carrie. Rachel is18 years old. Carrie is 10 years old. They are very nice.My mothers name is Julia. She is 40 years old. My mother isalso very nice.My fathers name is Andre. He is smart. He is an engineer. Hebuilds bridges.I also have a dog. My dogs name is Paw. He is a big dog. He is abrown dog. He is a big brown dog. I love my family.
  • 18. Questions1) How many sisters does Erichave?A. oneB. twoC. three2) How old is Erics mom?A. thirty years oldB. thirty-five years oldC. forty years old3) Erics dad isA. a lawyerB. an engineerC. a construction worker4) What is the name of Ericsdog?A. JuliaB. PawC. Andre3) B4) BCheck Answers1) B2) C
  • 19. 5) What color is Erics dog?A. He is white.B. He is black.C. He is brown.6) What is the name of Ericsyounger sister?A. CarrieB. RachelC. Andre7) What is the name of Ericsolder sister?A. CarrieB. RachelC. Andre8) What is Erics dog like?I. smallII. brownA. I onlyB. II onlyC. I and IICheck Answers7) B8) B5) C6) A
  • 20. Reading Comprehension 7Directions: Read the passage. Then answer the questions below.PassageThe butterfly is a beautiful insect. The butterfly is a delicateinsect. The butterfly is a beautiful and delicate insect. Thebutterfly has four thin wings. The wings have manydifferent colors on them. As time passes, the colors on itswings fade. This means they lose color, and are not asbright. Sunlight can make things fade. For example, an oldcar that sits in the sun will lose its color. Butterflies live allover the world. Most butterflies live where it is very warmand not too dry.
  • 21. Questions1) What is a butterfly?A. a reptileB. an insectC. a mammal2) How many wings does abutterfly have?A. 2B. 4C. 63) According to the passage, whathappens to a butterfly as it getsolder?A. Its wings fall off.B. It becomes a caterpillar.C. The colors on its wings fade.Check Answers1) B2) B3) C
  • 22. 4) As used in paragraph 3, which things fade?I. a hat that sits in the hot sun for daysII. a sweater that you hang in the closet foryearsIII. a T-shirt that you wear to bed every nightA. I onlyB. I and II onlyC. I, II, and III5) Using information in the passage, we canunderstand that butterflies can liveI. in a meadow where it is warmII. near a river where it is wetIII. in the desert where it is dryA. I onlyB. I and II onlyC. I, II, and III6) According to the passage,butterflies areI. beautifulII. delicateIII. dangerousA. I onlyB. I and II onlyC. I, II, and IIICheck Answers4) A5) B6) B
  • 23. Reading Comprehension 8Directions: Read the passage. Then answer the questions below.PassageI broke my leg. Now I need crutches to walk.My father was in a car accident many years ago. Hewalks with a cane.My grandfather is very old. He uses a wheelchair tomove around.
  • 24. Questions1) Crutches help the author toA. walkB. drive a carC. do his work2) Why does the authors fatherwalk with a cane?A. He broke his leg.B. He was in a car accident.C. He is very old.3) All of the people in this passageA. are very oldB. were in accidentsC. have trouble walking4) This passage is mainly aboutA. family members that loveeach other very muchB. family members whoneed help walkingC. how bad accidents canchange your life5) What is the best title for thispassage?A. Best FriendsB. My GrandfatherC. Trouble WalkingCheck Answers1) A2) B3) C4) B5) C
  • 25. Long PassagesAnAdventureA HappyVisitorTheDriveBig CityNoise
  • 26. Directions: Read the passage. Then answer the questions below.Passage“A Happy Visitor”It is Thursday. It is raining today. It is a rainy day.Anna is inside the house. Anna is watching TV. Anna is watching TV inside the house.Anna cannot go outside. It is raining outside. Anna cannot go outside because it israining outside.Anna is bored.Wait!Anna hears someone at the door. Someone is at the door of her house.Anna opens the door. What does Anna see?Anna sees a dog. The dog is small. Anna sees a small dog.The dog is wet. The dog is wet from the rain."Awww! You are all wet!" Anna says to the dog. "You are very cute!""Mom!" Anna says."Yes, dear?" says Annas mom."There is a dog here! There is a dog at the door!" Anna says."What?" says Annas mom. "A dog?"Annas mom comes to the door. Annas mom sees the wet dog. The wet dog looks cute."Can we keep it?" asks Anna."Yes, we can," says Annas mom.The dog is happy.
  • 27. Questions:1) What is at the door of the house?A. a manB. a catC. a dogD. a snake2) What happens at the end of thestory?A. Anna keeps the dog.B. Anna takes the dog to thehospital.C. Anna’s mom feeds the dog.D. Anna dries the dog with atowel.3) Is the dog dry or wet?A. The dog is dry.B. The dog is wet.4) How does the wet doglook?I. strongII. cuteIII. smallA. I onlyB. I and IIC. II and IIID. I, II, and III5) What day of the week is itin the story?A. MondayB. TuesdayC. WednesdayD. ThursdayCheck Answers4) C5) D1) C2) A3) B
  • 28. Jaime is a boy. Jaime lives in a house. Jaime lives in the country. Jaime livesin a house in the country. Jaime has a dog. The dog is named Go-Go. Jaime and Go-Goare friends. Jaime and Go-Go are bored. They want to do something new. They want todo something fun. They want to do something exciting. Jaime and Go-Go walk out of thehouse. They walk across the yard.They walk across the field. They jump over the fence. The fence is on the other side ofthe field. Jaime sees a mountain. The mountain is very tall. The top of the mountain is inthe clouds. Jaime looks at the mountain. “We are going to the top of that mountain,”Jaime says.Go-Go looks nervous.“Dont be nervous,” Jaime says. Go-Go runs after Jaime. They walk toward the mountain.Jaime stops. He looks back at the house.“I am a little tired,” Jaime says to Go-Go.Go-Go licks Jaime’s face.Jaime turns around.“Come on, Go-Go. We will climb the mountain tomorrow,” Jaime says.Jaime starts to walk home.Go-Go runs after Jaime.Directions: Read the passage. Then answer the questions below.Passage“An Adventure”
  • 29. Questions:1) Where does Jaime live?A. He lives in a house in thecity.B. He lives in an apartment inthe country.C. He lives in a house in thecountry.D. He lives in an apartment inthe city.2) What kind of animal is Go-Go?A. a dogB. a catC. a pigD. a bird3) In the middle of the story, theywalk across the field. This meansthey walkA. under the fieldB. close to the fieldC. away from the fieldD. from one side of the field tothe other side4) What does Jaime do at thebeginning of the story?A. go homeB. walk out of the houseC. go fishing in the riverD. climb a mountainCheck Answers3) D4) B1) C2) A
  • 30. 5) What does Jaime want to do at theend of the story?A. go homeB. climb a mountainC. go fishing in the riverD. play a game with Go-Go6) Why is Go-Go nervous?A. He is hungry.B. He wants to play catch.C. He doesn’t want to go home.D. He doesn’t want to climb themountain.7) Jaime says he will climb themountain tomorrow. Is thistrue?A. probablyB. probably notCheck Answers7) B5) A6) D
  • 31. Directions: Read the passage. Then answer the questions below.Passage“Big City Noise”My name is Olaf.I live in a big city. I live on a busy road. During the day and at night, cars go by.Buses go by. Trucks go by. People do not seem to hear the noise during the day.But at night, the noise makes it hard to sleep. My road has a lot of animals, too.People keep their animals outside in their yards at night. There are cats. Thereare dogs.The dogs make a lot of noise. To me, the dogs are like the trucks. The dogs arelike the cars. The dogs are like the buses. All of them are loud! One dog barksmore than the others do. His name is Simba. Simba is Mr. Cheek’s dog. “That is avery bad dog. He keeps me up at night,” says Mr. Lucas. Mr. Lucas lives next doorto Mr. Cheek. “You should give him away,” says Mr. Lucas. This makes Mr. Cheekvery mad. "You should not sleep with your windows open," says Mr. Cheek. "Youshould take your dog inside at night," yells Mr. Lucas. The two men argue aboutSimba’s barking almost every day. I think this is funny. To me, Simba is as bad asthe cars. He is as bad as the buses. He is as bad as the trucks. This is what living ina big city is like. There is a lot of noise.
  • 32. Questions:1) In what place does Olaf live?A. in a small apartmentB. in a big cityC. in a quiet neighborhoodD. in a busy town2) According to Olaf, what makesnoise?I. dogsII. busesIII. airplanesA. I onlyB. I and IIC. II and IIID. I, II, and III3) What goes by at night?A. bikesB. catsC. dogsD. trucks4) Why may people not seem tohear the noise during the day?A. because it is quietB. because they are sleepyC. because they are busydoing other thingsD. because they do not hearwell during the dayCheck Answers3) D4) C1) B2) B
  • 33. 5) What is Olaf’s road like?I. It is dirty.II. It is noisy.III. It is busy.A. I onlyB. I and IIC. II and IIID. I, II, and III6) Which noise makes Mr. Lucasmad?A. cats meowingB. trucks going byC. a dog barkingD. people talking7) Who argues every day?A. Mr. Lucas and OlafB. Olaf and Mr. CheekC. Simba and Mr. LucasD. Mr. Lucas and Mr. Cheek8) What could Mr. Cheek do to helpMr. Lucas sleep?A. get a catB. not argue with himC. not drive his car at nightD. take his dog inside at nightCheck Answers5) C6) C7) D8) D
  • 34. 9) What could Mr. Lucas do tosleep better?A. close his windows at nightB. not argue with Mr. CheekC. go to bed laterD. talk to Olaf10) Who says Simba is a bad dog?A. OlafB. Mr. LucasC. Olaf and Mr. LucasA. no one11) Who does Mr. Cheek live nextdoor to?A. OlafB. Mr. LucasC. Olaf and Mr. LucasD. no one12) What does Olaf mean when hesays Simba is as bad as the buses?A. that Simba barks at thebusesB. that Simba and the busesargueC. that Simba runs down thestreet at nightD. that Simba and the busesboth make noise13) According to Olaf, what could bedone about noise in a big town?A. People could ride bikes.B. Dogs could be inside.C. People could walkeverywhere.D. Nothing can be done.Check Answers12) D13) D9) A10) B11) B
  • 35. Directions: Read the passage. Then answer the questions below.Passage“Big City Noise”Gustavo works far away from his home. He drives a car to work. Ittakes him 3 hours to get there. Gustavo drives. While he drives,he thinks about many things. He thinks about his little girl. Shelikes to ride horses. He thinks about his little boy. He playsfireman all the time. He thinks about his wife. She milks the cowson the farm. Gustavo thinks of things he needs to do when hegets home. He needs to cut the grass. It is too long. He needs towater the flowers so they will grow. He wants to read a story tohis little girl. He wants to play a game with his little boy. He wantsto sit with his wife. He wants to tell her about his day.
  • 36. Questions:1) How does Gustavo get to work?A. by busB. by carC. by horseD. by train2) What does Gustavo do while hedrives?A. He sings.B. He talks.C. He thinks.D. He works.3) What does Gustavo think aboutwhile he drives?I. his workII. his wifeIII. his little boyA. I onlyB. I and IIC. II and IIID. I, II, and III4) How long does it take Gustavo to get towork?A. 15 minutesB. 30 minutesC. 2 hoursD. 3 hours5) What does Gustavo’s little girl like to do?A. milk cowsB. play firemanC. ride horsesD. water flowers6) What does Gustavo’s little boy like to do?A. milk cowsB. play firemanC. ride horsesD. water flowersCheck Answers4) D5) C6) B1) B2) C3) C
  • 37. 7) What does Gustavo need to dowhen he gets home?I. milk the cowsII. cut the grassIII. water the flowersA. I onlyB. I and IIC. II and IIID. I, II, and III8) What does Gustavo want to dowhen he gets home?I. sit with his wifeII. read to his little girlIII. play a game with his little boyA. I onlyB. I and IIC. II and IIID. I, II, and IIICheck Answers9) Why does Gustavo need tocut the grass?A. So it will grow.B. It is too brown.C. It is too long.D. It is too old.10) What does Gustavo needto water when he gets home?A. the grassB. the cowsC. the horsesD. the flowers9) C10) D7) C8) D
  • 38. It might be the best thing to do, to print the slides 38through 67 to make it easier to go back and check yourwork.If you feel that some of the answers and or some of thematerial is not correct, please email me. I will check andcorrect.Thank you.amerenglish64@gmail.com
  • 39. Answers and Explanations1) AIn paragraph 1 the passage says, "My father is a construction worker." Choice (A) iscorrect.2) BIn paragraph 2 the passage says, "My brother is an engineer." Choice (B) is correct.3) AIn paragraph 1 the passage talks about my father. It says, "He uses a hammer and asaw." Choice (A) is correct.4) CIn paragraph 3 the passage talks about my son. It says, " He uses a racket and a ball."Choice (C) is correct.Reading Comprehension 1
  • 40. 5) BIn paragraph 2 the passage talks about my brother. It says, "He uses a pencil anda calculator." This lets us know that my brother uses a pencil. This means option(I) is true. In paragraph 4 the passage talks about my daughter. It says, "She usesa pencil and a piece of paper." This lets us know that my daughter uses a pencil.This means option (II) is true. In paragraph 1 the passage talks about my father.It says, "He uses a hammer and a saw." This lets us know that my father does notuse a pencil. This means option (III) is not true. Choice (B) is correct.6) AIn paragraph 4 the passage talks about my daughter. It says, "My daughter is anartist. Then it says, "She uses a pencil and a piece of paper." This lets us knowthat my daughter draws. If she makes a mistake, then she probably uses aneraser to correct it. Choice (A) is correct.
  • 41. Reading Comprehension 2Answers and Explanations1) CIn the beginning of the passage, it says “James wants a dog.” Choice (C) iscorrect.2) BJames goes to the pet store. The passage says, "He sees the rabbits." This meansoption (I) is true. James goes to the pet store. The passage says, "He sees themice." This means option (II) is true. James goes to the pet store. The passagedoes not say that he sees the lizards. This means option (III) is not true. Choice(B) is correct.3) BJames goes to the pet store. The passage says, "He sees the cats. He sees therabbits. He sees the birds. He sees the mice. He sees the dogs." The passagedoes not say that James sees the fish. Choice (B) is correct.4) CAt the end of the passage, it says, “James buys the dog.” Choice (C) is correct.
  • 42. 5) BJames asks the man how much the dog costs. The man says “twenty dollars.”James gives the man twenty (20) dollars. Choice (B) is correct.6) BA good title describes the main idea of the passage. In this passage, Jamesgoes to the pet store, looks and the pets, and buys a dog. So, James buys apet. This is the main idea of the passage. Choice (B) is correct. James sees thecats, but this is only one kind of animal that he sees. So, this is a detail, notthe main idea. Choice (A) is incorrect. James pays twenty dollars for the dog.But this is also a detail, not the main idea. Choice (C) is incorrect.
  • 43. Reading Comprehension 3Answers and Explanations1) AIn paragraph 1, the passage says “Rebecca makes chocolate and nut cookies.”Choice (A) is correct.2) CIn paragraph 2, the passage says that “Rebecca makes yellow and whitecakes.” Choice (C) is correct.3) AIn paragraph 3, the passage says “Rebecca makes apple and lemon pies.” Thismeans option (I) is true. The passage does not say that Rebecca makes cherrypies. This means option (II) is not true. The passage does not say that Rebeccamakes chocolate pies. This means option (III) is not true. Choice (A) is correct.4) BIn paragraph 2, the passage says that “Rebecca likes to make cakes.” Inparagraph 3, the passage says that “Rebecca likes to make pies.” The passagedoes not talk about bread. Choice (B) is correct.
  • 44. 5) BIn paragraph 2, the passage says, Rebecca likes to make cakes.” This meansoption (I) is true. In paragraph 1, the passage says “Rebecca likes to makecookies.” This means option (II) is true. The passage does not say that Rebeccamakes muffins. This means option (III) is not true. Choice (B) is correct.6) CIn paragraph 2, the passage says that Rebecca “makes yellow cookies.” Inparagraph 1, the passage says that Rebecca “makes chocolate cookies.” Usingthis information, we know that Rebecca makes yellow cakes and chocolatescookies. Choice (C) is correct.
  • 45. 7) BIn paragraph 1, we learn that "Rebecca likes to make cookies." In paragraph 2,we learn that "Rebecca likes to make cakes." In paragraph 3, we learn that"Rebecca likes to make pies." So, we know that Rebecca likes to make cookies,cakes, and pies. These are all foods that you bake. A baker is someone who makesthese things. Choice (B) is correct.8) AIn paragraph 1, we learn that "Rebecca likes to make cookies." In paragraph 2,we learn that "Rebecca likes to make cakes." In paragraph 3, we learn that"Rebecca likes to make pies." So, we know that Rebecca likes to make cookies,cakes, and pies. These are all foods that you bake. Bread is another food that youbake. You do not bake eggs. You do not bake candy. Choice (A) is correct.
  • 46. Reading Comprehension 4Answers and Explanations1) BIn the beginning of the passage, it says “Yoshi walks to the grocery store becausehe wants something to eat." Choice (B) is correct.2) AIn the middle of the passage, it says “Yoshi arrives at the grocery store. It is late.The sky is dark.” This means that Yoshi arrives at night. Choice (A) is correct.3) CIn the middle of the passage, it says "Yoshi buys an orange, an apple, a banana,and a mango." This lets us know that Yoshi buys a banana. Choice (C) is correct.4) BIn the middle of the passage, it says "Yoshi buys an orange, an apple, a banana,and a mango." This lets us know that Yoshi does not buy a plum. Choice (B) iscorrect.5) AIn the middle of the passage, it says "Yoshi buys an orange, an apple, a banana,and a mango." These are all kinds of fruit. Choice (A) is correct.
  • 47. 6) AAt the end of the passage, it says "The orange costs 50 cents." Choice (A) iscorrect.7) BAt the end of the passage, it says "The orange costs 50 cents. The apple costs60 cents. The banana costs 10 cents. The mango costs 90 cents." The mostexpensive thing is the mango, because the mango costs 90 cents. The mangois more expensive than all others. Choice (B) is correct.8) CAt the end of the passage, it says " The orange costs 50 cents. The apple costs60 cents. The banana costs 10 cents. The mango costs 90 cents." The leastexpensive thing is the banana, because the banana costs 10 cents. The bananais less expensive than all others. Choice (C) is correct.9) BYoshi buys an orange. The orange costs 50 cents. Yoshi buys an apple. Theapple costs 60 cents. Yoshi buys a banana. The banana costs 10 cents. Yoshibuys a mango. The mango costs 90 cents. 50+60+10+90 = $2.10 Yoshi spends2 dollars and 10 cents. Choice (B) is correct.
  • 48. Reading Comprehension 5Answers and Explanations1) CIn the beginning of the passage, it says "Tom is going on a trip to the mountains."Choice (C) is correct.2) BIn the beginning of the passage, it says " The bag is brown." This means option (I) istrue. In the beginning of the passage, it says " The bag is small." This means option (II)is true. The passage does not say that the bag is old. This means option (III) is not true.Choice (B) is correct.3) AIn the middle of the passage, it says "Tom puts a map in the bag." Choice (A) iscorrect.4) CIn the middle of the passage, it says, "Tom puts boots in the bag. Tom puts a camerain the bag." The passage does not say that Tom puts a hat in the bag. (C) is correct.
  • 49. 5) BIn the middle of the passage, it says, "Tom wants to put things in the bag. Tom wants topack his bag." Tom continues to put things into his bag. This lets us know that pack meansto put things into a bag. Choice (B) is correct.6) BIn the middle of the passage, it says, "Tom puts a camera in the bag." Tom can use thecamera to take pictures on the trip. Choice (B) is correct.7) BFirst, Tom opens the bag. Tom wants to put things in the bag. After Tom puts things in thebag, Tom closes the bag. Choice (B) is correct.8) AAt the end of the passage, it says "Tom takes the boots out of the bag." Choice (A) iscorrect.9) BA good title describes the main idea of the passage. In the beginning, middle, and end ofthe passage, it talks about Tom as he packs his bag. This is the main idea. So choice (B) iscorrect. In the beginning of the passage, it says "Tom is going on a trip to the mountains."But the passage does not talk about his trip. So this is only a detail. It is not the main idea.Choice (A) is incorrect. In the middle of the passage, it says " Tom puts a camera in thebag." But the passage does not talk about his camera. So this is only a detail. It is not themain idea. Choice (C) is incorrect.
  • 50. Reading Comprehension 6Answers and Explanations1) BIn paragraph 2, Eric tells us that he has 2 sisters. Choice (B) is correct.2) CIn paragraph 3, Eric tells us that his mother is 40 years old. Mother is another word formom. Choice (C) is correct.3) BIn paragraph 4, Eric says, “my father is an engineer.” Father is another word for dad.Choice (B) is correct.4) BIn paragraph 5, Eric says, “My dog’s name is Paw.” Choice (B) is correct.5) CIn paragraph 5, we learn that Paw is a “brown dog.” Choice (C) is correct.
  • 51. 6) AIn paragraph 2, Eric tells us that he has two sisters. Eric says, “Rachel is 18 yearsold. Carrie is 10 years old.” Carrie is younger than Rachel. This makes Carrie Eric’syounger sister. Choice (A) is correct.7) BIn paragraph 2, we learn that Eric’s sister Rachel is 18 and Eric’s sister Carrie is 10.Rachel is older than Carrie. This makes Rachel Eric’s older sister. Choice (B) iscorrect.8) BIn paragraph 5, we learn about Eric’s dog, Paw. Eric says, “He is a big dog. He is abrown dog. He is a big brown dog.” Erics dog is big, not small. This means option(I) is not true. In paragraph 5, we learn about Eric’s dog, Paw. Eric says, “He is a bigdog. He is a brown dog. He is a big brown dog.” Erics dog is brown. This meansoption (II) is true. Choice (B) is correct.
  • 52. Reading Comprehension 7Answers and Explanations1) BParagraph 1 says that the “butterfly is a beautiful insect.” Therefore (B) is correct.2) BIn paragraph 2, we learn that a butterfly has “four thin wings.” Therefore (B) is correct.3) CIn paragraph 4, we learn, “As time passes, the colors on its wings fade.” This means thatas the butterfly gets older, the colors on its wings fade. Therefore (C) is correct.4) AIn paragraph 3, the passage says, “As time passes, the colors on its wings fade. Thismeans they lose color, and are not as bright. Sunlight can make things fade. Forexample, an old car that sits in the sun will lose its color.” This lets us know that if youleave a hat in the hot sun for days, the color will fade. This supports option (I). If youhang a sweater in your closet for years, it will not fade. It will not lose its color becauseit is not being exposed to strong light. This eliminates option (I). If you wear a T-shirt tobed every night, it will not fade. It will not lose its color because it is not being exposedto strong light. This eliminates option (I). Choice (A) is correct.
  • 53. 5) BIn paragraph 4, the passage says that most butterflies live in “very warm places thatare not too dry.” From this we can understand that butterflies can live in a meadowwhere it is warm. This means option (I) is true. Since butterflies live in places thatare "not too dry," we can understand that they can live near a river where it is wet.This means option (II) is true. Since butterflies live in places that are "not too dry,"we can understand that butterflies cannot live in the desert where it is dry. Thismeans option (III) is not true. Choice (B) is correct.6) BParagraph 1 says that the butterfly is "a beautiful insect." This supports option (I).Paragraph 1 also says that the butterfly is "a delicate insect." This supports option(II). The author does not tell us anywhere in the passage that butterflies aredangerous. This eliminates option (III). Choice (B) is correct.
  • 54. Reading Comprehension 8Answers and Explanations1) AIn paragraph 1, the author says, “Now I need crutches to walk.” Choice (A) is correct.2) BIn paragraph 2, the author says, “My father was in a car accident many years ago. Hewalks with a cane.” Choice (B) is correct.3) CThe author explains that he, his father, and his grandfather each need assistance towalk. Although the grandfather needs a wheelchair to move, the author does not saythat he was in an accident. Choice (C) is correct.4) BAll three of the men in the story are part of the same family and they all need helpwalking. Answer (B) is correct.
  • 55. 5) CA good title describes the main idea of the passage. The author talks about afew family members who all have trouble walking. The fact that they all havetrouble walking is the main idea of the passage. Choice (C) is correct. Theauthor does not say that he or she is best friends with the father or grandfather.So this is not the main idea of the passage. Choice (A) is incorrect. The authoronly talks about the grandfather at the end of the passage. So this is not themain idea of the passage. Choice (B) is incorrect.
  • 56. A Happy VisitorAnswers and Explanations1) CIn the middle, the story says, “someone is at the door of” Anna’s house. Then,“Anna opens the door. What does Anna see? Anna sees a dog.” We canunderstand from this that a dog was at Anna’s door. Therefore (C) is correct.The story does not provide information to support choices (A), (B), and (D).Therefore they are incorrect.2) AAt the end of the story, “Annas mom sees the wet dog.” Then Anna asks,"Can we keep it?" Next, Anna’s mom says, "Yes, we can.” We can understandfrom this that Anna keeps the dog. Therefore (A) is correct. The story does notprovide information to support choices (B), (C), and (D). Therefore they areincorrect.3) BIn the middle, the story says, “The dog is wet.” Therefore (B) is correct. Thedog is wet, not dry. Therefore (A) is incorrect.
  • 57. 4) CThere is no information in the story about how strong the dog is. Thiseliminates option (I). In the middle of the story, Anna says to the dog, “You arevery cute!" This supports option (II). In the middle of the story, it says, “The dogis small.” This supports option (III). Therefore (C) is correct.5) DAt the beginning of the story we learn that “it is Thursday.” Therefore (D) iscorrect. The story does not provide information to support choices (A), (B), and(C). Therefore they are incorrect.
  • 58. An AdventureAnswers and Explanations1) CParagraph 2 tells us, “Jaime lives in a house in the country.” Therefore (C) is correct.The story does not contain information to support answer choices (A), (B), and (D).Therefore they are incorrect.2) AIn paragraph 3, we learn, “Jaime has a dog. The dog is named Go-Go.” Therefore (A)is correct. The story does not contain information to support answer choices (B),(C), and (D). Therefore they are incorrect.3) DTo walk across something means to go from one side to the other. In the story, wecan understand that Jaime and Go-Go have walked from one side of the field to theother because they jump over the fence. We know the fence is on “the other side ofthe field.” Therefore (D) is correct.The story does not contain information to support answer choices (A), (B), and (C).Therefore they are incorrect.
  • 59. 4) BIn paragraph 5, the story says, “Jaime and Go-Go walk out of the house.” This isthe first thing that Jaime and Go-Go do in the story. Therefore (B) is correct.Near the end of the story, Jaime starts to walk home. This happens at the end,not the beginning. Therefore (A) is incorrect. There is no information in the storyabout fishing in a river. Therefore (C) is incorrect. In paragraph 7, Jaime tells Go-Go, “We are going to the top of that mountain.” To get to the top of themountain, Jaime would have to climb the mountain. This could seem like a rightanswer. However, this happens after Jaime walks out of the house. This happensin the middle of the story. Also, he does not ever climb the mountain. Therefore(D) is incorrect.5) AParagraph 15 tells us, “Jaime starts to walk home.” This happens at the end ofthe story. Therefore (A) is correct.In paragraph 7, Jaime tells Go-Go, “We are going to the top of that mountain.” Toget to the top of the mountain, Jaime would have to climb the mountain. Thiscould seem like a right answer. However, this happens after Jaime walks out ofthe house. This happens in the middle of the story. Therefore (B) is incorrect.There is no information in the story about fishing in a river. Therefore (C) isincorrect. There is no information about Jaime playing a game with Go-Go.Therefore (D) is incorrect.
  • 60. 6) DIn the middle of the story, Jaime tells Go-Go, “We are going to the top of themountain.” The next sentence tells us, “Go-Go looked nervous.” We canunderstand that Go-Go is nervous because he doesn’t want to climb the mountain.Therefore (D) is correct.The story does not contain information to support answer choices (A), (B), and (C).Therefore they are incorrect.7) BIn paragraph 6 we learn “the mountain is very tall. The top of the mountain is inthe clouds.” Jaime has fun thinking about climbing the mountain. But in reality, itwould be very hard for him to climb a very tall mountain with Go-Go. It would alsobe very dangerous. Jaime will still get tired climbing the mountain tomorrow. Go-Go will still be nervous about climbing the mountain tomorrow. Therefore (B) iscorrect.There is no information in the story that Jaime will be less tired climbing tomorrow.There is no information that Go-Go will be less nervous. It is not likely they willclimb the mountain tomorrow. Therefore (A) is incorrect.
  • 61. Big City NoiseAnswers and Explanations1) BAt the beginning of the story, Olaf says, “I live in a big city.” Therefore (B) is correct. Thestory does not provide information to support answer choices (A) and (C). Therefore theyare incorrect. A big city might be busy, and the story says that Olaf lives “on a busy road.”But the story also says that Olaf lives in a “big city,” not a busy town. This means (D) isincorrect.2) BIn the middle of the story, Olaf says, “The dogs make a lot of noise.” This supports option(I). In the middle of the story, Olaf also says that the dogs “are like the trucks,” “the cars,”and “the buses” because “all of them are loud.” We can understand from this that thebuses also make noise. This supports option (II). Airplanes are not mentioned in the storyat all. This eliminates option (III). Therefore (B) is correct.3) DAt the beginning of the story Olaf says, “At night and during the day, cars go by. Buses goby. Trucks go by.” We can understand from this that trucks go by at night. Therefore (D) iscorrect.The story does not say anything about bikes, so (A) is incorrect. In the middle of the story,we learn that people keep their cats and dogs “outside in their yards at night.” However,cats and dogs do not go by like cars, trucks and buses do. This means (B) and (C) areincorrect.
  • 62. 4) CDaytime is when most people do activities or go places like work and school. Since most people arebusy or gone during the day, they do not seem to notice the noise from the trucks, buses, and dogs.Therefore (C) is correct.Olaf says that his neighborhood is noisy in the day and at night, so it cannot be quiet. Therefore (A) isincorrect. People usually get sleepy at night, not during the day. Also, being sleepy would not makepeople unable to hear the noise. This makes (B) incorrect. There is no information in the story tosupport the idea that people do not hear well during the day. That would not make sense. Therefore(D) is incorrect.5) CIt does not say anywhere in the story that the road is dirty. This eliminates option (I). Olaf says thatcars, buses and trucks go by on the road and that “at night, the noise makes it hard to sleep.” Olaf alsosays that there are dogs on his road. He says that “the dogs make a lot of noise.” Using thisinformation, we can understand that the road is noisy. This supports option (II). At the beginning ofthe story, Olaf says, “I live on a busy road.” This supports option (III). Therefore (C) is correct.6) CIn the middle of the story, it says that a dog named Simba barks more than the others. We learn thatMr. Lucas thinks that Simba “is a very bad dog. He keeps me up at night.” Olaf says, “The two menargue about Simba’s barking almost every day.” Using this information, we can understand that Simba,the barking dog, makes Mr. Lucas angry. This means (C) is correct.The story does not contain information to support answer choices (A), (B), and (D). Therefore they areincorrect.
  • 63. 7) DAt the end of the story, we learn that “Simba is Mr. Cheek’s dog.” We also learn that Mr. Lucas isbothered by Simba’s barking and that “the two men argue about Simba’s barking almost every day.”From this we can understand that Mr. Lucas and Mr. Cheek argue almost every day. Therefore (D) iscorrect.The story does not contain information to support answer choices (A), (B), and (C). Therefore theyare incorrect.8) DWe know that Simba’s barking keeps Mr. Lucas up at night. When Mr. Lucas and Mr. Cheek argue,Mr. Lucas says, “You should take your dog inside at night.” Using this information, we canunderstand that Mr. Lucas thinks that he will not hear the dog if Mr. Cheek takes Simba inside atnight. If Mr. Lucas does not hear the dog, he will be able to sleep at night. This makes (D) correct.The story does not contain information to support answer choices (A), (B), and (C). Therefore theyare incorrect.9) AWe know that Simba’s barking keeps Mr. Lucas up at night. When Mr. Lucas and Mr. Cheek argue,Mr. Cheek says, “You should not sleep with your windows open.” We can understand from this thatMr. Cheek thinks that Mr. Lucas would not be able to hear Simba barking at night if he closed hiswindows. If Mr. Lucas could not hear Simba barking, he would be able to sleep at night. This means(A) is correct.The story does not contain information to support answer choices (B), (C), and (D). Therefore theyare incorrect.
  • 64. 10) BIn the middle of the story Mr. Lucas says, “That is a very bad dog,” about Simba. This means (B) iscorrect. The story does not contain information to support answer choices (A), (C), and (D). Thereforethey are incorrect.11) BIn the middle of the story, Olaf says, “Mr. Lucas lives next door to Mr. Cheek.” This makes (B) thecorrect answer.Olaf says that Simba is one of the animals that live on his road. Simba is Mr. Cheek’s dog. This tells usthat Mr. Cheek lives on Olaf’s road. However, the story does not say where Mr. Cheek lives on the road,so we do not know if Mr. Cheek lives next door to Olaf. Therefore (A) and (C) are incorrect. The storytells us that Mr. Cheek lives next door to Mr. Lucas, so he can’t live next door to no one. Therefore (D)is incorrect.
  • 65. 12) DIn the middle of the story, Olaf says, “The dogs are like the trucks,” “the cars,” and “the buses,”because “all of them are loud.” Later in the story Olaf says that the dog Simba “barks more thanothers do.” We can understand from this that Olaf thinks that both Simba and the buses arenoisy, so (D) is correct.We do not know if Simba barks at the buses, so (A) is incorrect. The story does not say thatSimba and the buses argue. Therefore (B) is incorrect. At the beginning of the story, Olaf doessay that buses go by at night, but the only thing we learn about Simba is that he barks a lot. Wedo not know if he runs down the street at night. This means (C) is incorrect.13) DThroughout the story, Olaf describes how noisy the big city is. He explains that the noise comesfrom vehicles like cars, trucks and buses and from dogs. He does not say that something couldbe done to quiet the noise. Instead, he says, “This is what living in a big city is like.” Therefore(D) is correct.Olaf does not say that people could ride bikes to help the noise in the city, so (A) is incorrect.Mr. Lucas wants Mr. Cheek to put Simba indoors at night so that Mr. Lucas will not hear the dogbarking. However, Olaf does not say that putting Simba inside would help the noise of the city.This means (B) is incorrect. Olaf does not say that people could walk everywhere to help thenoise in the city. Therefore (C) is incorrect.
  • 66. The DriveAnswers and Explanations1) BAt the beginning of the story, it says, “Gustavo works far away from his home.” It also says, “Hedrives a car to work.” We can understand from this that Gustavo drives a car to work. Therefore(B) is correct.The story does not say anything about a bus. Therefore (A) is incorrect. Gustavo’s little girl likes toride horses, but Gustavo does not ride a horse to work. Therefore (C) is incorrect. The story doesnot say anything about a train. Therefore (D) is incorrect.2) CAt the beginning, the story says, “Gustavo drives. While he drives, he thinks about many things.”We can understand from this that Gustavo thinks while he drives. Therefore (C) is correct. Thestory does not contain information to support answer choices (A), (B), and (D). Therefore theyare incorrect.3) CThe story does not say Gustavo thinks about his work while he is driving. This eliminates option(I). In the middle, the story says while “Gustavo drives,” he “thinks about his wife.” This supportsoption (II). In the middle, the story also says Gustavo “thinks about his little boy” while Gustavodrives. This supports option (III). Therefore (C) is correct.
  • 67. 4) DAt the beginning, the story says Gustavo “drives a car to work.” It takes “3 hours to get there.” Wecan understand from this that it takes Gustavo 3 hours to drive to work. Therefore (D) is correct.The story does not contain information to support answer choices (A), (B), and (C). Therefore theyare incorrect.5) CIn the middle, the story says Gustavo “thinks about his little girl. She likes to ride horses.” We canunderstand from this that Gustavo’s little girl likes to ride horses. Therefore (C) is correct.In the middle, the story says that Gustavo’s wife milks cows. Therefore (A) is incorrect. In themiddle, the story says that Gustavo’s little boy plays fireman. Therefore (B) is incorrect. In themiddle, the story says that Gustavo needs to water the flowers. Therefore (D) is incorrect.6) BIn the middle, the story says Gustavo “thinks about his little boy. He plays fireman all the time.” Wecan understand from this that Gustavo’s little boy likes to play fireman. Therefore (B) is correct.In the middle, the story says that Gustavo’s wife milks cows. Therefore (A) is incorrect. In themiddle, the story says that Gustavo’s little girl rides horses. Therefore (C) is incorrect. In the middle,the story says that Gustavo needs to water the flowers. Therefore (D) is incorrect.
  • 68. 7) CGustavo’s wife, not Gustavo, milks the cows. This eliminates option (I). At the end of the story,“Gustavo thinks of the things he needs to do when he gets home.” First, the story says Gustavo “needsto cut the grass.” This supports option (II). Next, the story says Gustavo “needs to water the flowers.”This supports option (III). Therefore (C) is correct.8) DAt the end of the story, we learn that Gustav “wants to sit with his wife.” This supports option (I).Gustavo also “wants to read a story to his little girl.” This supports option (II). Gustavo also “wants toplay a game with his little boy.” This supports option (III). Therefore (D) is correct.9) CIn the middle of the story, it says Gustavo “needs to cut the grass. It is too long.” We can understandfrom this that Gustavo needs to cut the grass because the grass is too long. Therefore (C) is correct.The story says Gustavo needs to water the flowers so they can grow. Therefore (A) is incorrect. Thestory does not say what color the grass is. Therefore (B) is incorrect. The story does not say how oldthe grass is. Therefore (D) is incorrect.10) DAt the end, the story says Gustavo “needs to water the flowers so they can grow.” Therefore (D) iscorrect.The story says Gustav “needs to cut the grass.” Therefore (A) is incorrect. The story says that Gustav’swife milks the cows, but it does not say that Gustav waters the cows. Therefore (B) is incorrect. Thestory says that Gustav’s little girl likes to ride horses, but it does not say that Gustav waters the horses.Therefore (C) is incorrect.