Making predictions about the future

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This is the fourth part of the series. Making predictions using the future tense.

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Making predictions about the future

  1. 1. Presented By Live Free / Speak Free
  2. 2. Making Predictions about the Future in English There are many different ways to talk about the future in English. We use different verb tenses depending on what we want to say about the future. In this lesson, we will learn how to make predictions about the future.
  3. 3. General Predictions There are two ways we can make predictions about the future. The simple future with will is one of the ways that we can make predictions. We can use this form to make almost any prediction about the future, whether we are talking about tomorrow or a hundred years from now. We can also use the future with going to if we want to make general predictions about the future. Be sure to read to the end of this lesson to see the special predictions that we make with this tense. Be sure to review the rules on the formation of the simple future and the future with going to here before reading the examples below.
  4. 4. Examples: Correct: Greta will arrive on time. She is always very punctual. OR Greta is going to arrive on time. She is always very punctual. Incorrect: Greta is arriving today. Remember that it is not correct to make predictions using the present progressive. We only use this tense when we are talking about arrangements.
  5. 5. Correct: They will win their match today! OR They are going to win their match today! Incorrect: They win their match today! Remember that it is not correct to make predictions using the simple present. We only use this tense when we are talking about time tables or schedules.
  6. 6. Correct: I think they will have a lovely relationship. Maybe they will get married someday! OR I think they are going to have a lovely relationship. Maybe they are going to get married someday! Incorrect: I think they are having a lovely relationship. Maybe they are getting married someday!
  7. 7. Correct: Milton's doctor won't be happy when he sees that terrible sunburn! He will surely tell Milton that he needs to be more careful! OR Milton's doctor isn't going to be happy when he sees that terrible sunburn! He is surely going to tell Milton that he needs to be more careful! Incorrect: Milton's doctor isn't happy when he sees that terrible sunburn! He surely tells Milton that he needs to be more careful!
  8. 8. Correct: He won't have any trouble at his job interview today. He feels very confident! OR He isn't going to have any trouble at his job interview today. He feels very confident! Incorrect: He isn't having any trouble at his job interview today. He feels very confident!
  9. 9. Predictions Based on Existing Evidence If we want to make a prediction based on a situation that we can see right now, we must use the future with going to. For example, if you look at the sky and see big, dark clouds, you might predict rain.
  10. 10. Correct: Look! It is going to rain! Incorrect: Look! It will rain! When we are making predictions based on circumstances that we can see right now, we cannot use the simple future with will. We must use the future with going to. Look at some more examples below. In all of them, the prediction is based on something we can see right now.
  11. 11. More examples: Tim is going too fast on his bicycle! He is going to fall!
  12. 12. Oh, my goodness! Frank is going to hit the man in the other boat!
  13. 13. Mr. Newton is going to spill his coffee! Oh no, and he is going to drop his cake on the floor!
  14. 14. He isn't going to eat that hamburger. It smells bad! He looks so tired! He isn't going to get up now.
  15. 15. These are the two ways we can make predictions about the future in English. Remember that for general predictions we can use the simple future with will or the future with going to. But, it we want to make a prediction based on current circumstances that we can see, we must use the future with going to. That's all there is to it!
  16. 16. Simple future with (will) will (or 'll, in short) + base form of the verb (also called V1) For example: will + swim / 'll + swim --> "She will swim tomorrow, too." OR "She'll swim tomorrow, too."
  17. 17. A) This is usually used when you are making predictions about the future. But only if it is a general prediction, and not supported by evidence. For example: "You will meet a tall, dark, handsome stranger." "In the future, children won't go to school." "I think cars will fly in the future."
  18. 18. B) It is also used when a decision is made at the time of speaking. For example: "Oh no, it's raining! I think I'll take a taxi." "Oh, the phone is ringing. I'll get it!"
  19. 19. Simple future with (be going to) be going to + base form of the verb (also called V1) For example: is + going to + swim --> "She is going to swim later." This is usually the first future form students learn.
  20. 20. A) It is used when talking about future plans. For example: "I am going to visit my grandparents next week." "I'm not going to eat at that restaurant again. It was terrible!"
  21. 21. B) It is also used to talk about future predictions if they are based on existing evidence. For example: "Look at those black clouds. I think it is going to rain."

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