IntroductionFruits are natures treasure or rather natures gift to human beings. Fruitsare the tastiest of all healthy foods. They are healthy because they containall the essential nutrients like vitamins, minerals and sugar, that arerequired by human beings on a regular basis. Fresh fruits, in their naturalform, are also easy to digest, as compared to nutritional supplements.Therefore, fruits can be consumed by people of any age group.When asked to define a fruit, most of us will suggest that a fruit is thatcomponent of a plant which has a pulpy flesh, which often tastes sweet,tangy, sour or even sharp. Secondly, fruits have attractive colors and can beclassified into different types. However, in botany, a fruit is defined as theone that contains seeds and is derived from a flower. Fruits, indirectly aidin reproduction through the process of seed dispersal.
If you take a look at the botanical definition of fruits, you willnote that several vegetables can also be categorized into thefruit group. This is indeed true. There are several vegetablesthat are botanically fruits. However, here we have mentionedonly those that can be traditionally classified into the fruitscategory. If you are looking for a list of all fruits with pictures,then you are at the right place. On the following slides are thedifferent kinds of fruits grown in the world.
Fleshy FruitsFleshy fruits, as the name suggests, have a soft pulpy wall, with seeds at thecenter. They have a soft edible part in between their outer cover and the seeds.This is a vast category of fruits and more than half of the known fruits arecategorized into this group of fruits. An apple or a pear are excellent examples offleshy fruits. It should also be noted that other types of fruits like dried fruits,citrus fruits and melons form a subpart of this larger group of fleshy fruits. apple apricot
Dried FruitsDried fruits are also categorized under the fleshy fruits group. When wesay dried fruits, we often think of cashews, walnuts and almonds.However, apart from these, there are several other fruits that can becategorized as dried fruits. In simplest words, dried fruits can be defined asfruits that are dried naturally or mechanically in order to remove theiroriginal water content. Apart from the usual dried fruits (nuts and seeds),several other fruits like apples, peaches, apricots, etc. are also dried andused for culinary purposes. almonds brazil nuts
Citrus FruitsCitrus fruits are the ones that belong to the genus Citrus. They are acidic,juicy and usually have a sharp taste. All citrus fruits are rich sources ofvitamin C which is required by the body to carry out different functions.Citrus fruits also have detoxifying properties, and hence, are used in somedetoxification diet plans like the Master Cleanse (lemonade diet). clementine grapefruit
MelonsThere is a lot of debate on whether melon is a fruit or a vegetable.Scientifically, a melon is a fruit (based on the definition mentionedabove). However, the confusion lies because of the fact that melons,cucumbers, squash, etc. belong to the same family, i.e., gourds.Watermelon, cantaloupe, etc. are examples of melons, which arecategorized as fruits. Melons are also classified into the broad category offleshy fruits because they have an edible pulpy flesh.
Multiple FruitsMultiple fruits are called so because they are developed from multipleflowers. Every single flower produces a fruit, which is then assemblednaturally as a whole. Therefore, what we see as a whole fruit is actually abunch of fruits. One of the classic examples of multiple flowers ispineapple. Some berries like the strawberry also belong to this categoryof fruits. custard apple bread fruit
BerriesBerries also belong to the larger group of fruits, i.e., fleshy fruits as theyhave a pulpy flesh. However, scientifically speaking, berries are fruits thathave a pulpy flesh with one or more seeds embedded in it. In that case, atomato or a banana is also considered as a berry. Whereas, a strawberry isnot actually a berry because it has seeds on the outer part of its cover.Berries are extensively used for culinary purposes. acai berry barberries
red current salmon berrySea-buckthorn strawberries berry
Miscellaneous FruitsHere are some miscellaneous fruits with pictures that can be categorizedinto either of the above-mentioned categories. For example, the bananais a fleshy fruit, while blackcurrant, crowberries and goji berries areberries. The fruits mentioned here are native to only certain parts of theworld and are not grown all over. banana black current
Apart from the list mentioned above, there are several other fruitsfound in the world. Therefore, in order to have a full list of fruits,you can also include fruits like bilberry, chokeberries, chokecherry,cloudberry, hawthorn, huckleberries, Indian plum (jujube),lingonberries, loganberries, marionberries, mulberries, nannyberry,nectarines, ollaliberries, pomegranate, rhubarb, serviceberries,tayberries, wild rose, etc. in the list. But, hundreds of varieties offruits are found on the Earth; and most of them are unknown asthey are grown only in native places. Therefore, compiling thecomplete list is quite difficult.