Bipolar disorder
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    Bipolar disorder Bipolar disorder Presentation Transcript

    • Bipolar Disorder Joel Currie
    • What is PBD?
      • Pediatric Bipolar Disorder
      • Previously known as “Manic Depression”
      • Mood disorder associated with “recurrent episodes of mania and depression marked by…changes in mood, energy and behavior in children”
    • History of PBD
      • Recorded as early as 2 A.D.
        • Aretaeus of Cappadocia
        • Believed cause was a mix of black and yellow bile
      • 1650
        • Richard Burton writes Anatomy of Melancholia
      • 1850s
        • Jules Falret coins term bipolar disorder
    • History of PBD
      • 1902
        • Emil Kraepelin notes symptom-free periods in between manic episodes
        • Coins term manic-depressive psychosis
        • Father of modern psychiatry
      • 1958
        • Term bipolar disorder coined
    • How it Works
      • Found in all age groups
      • Children and Adolescents – school age
        • Manic stage:
          • Paranoia and delusions of grandeur
          • Irritable and destructive
          • Complain of physical discomfort
        • Depressed stage
          • Sadness and hopelessness, sensation of being a burden
          • Tiredness and appetite fluctuate greatly
    • Diagnosis
      • Extremely difficult
        • Symptoms shared with other disorders
      • Different types of bipolar disorder
        • BP-I
        • BP-II
        • BP-NOS
      • Currently no standard criteria to diagnose children with bipolar disorder
    • Common Symptoms
      • Manic
      • Mood changes
      • Inflated self-esteem
      • Increased energy
      • Less need for sleep
      • Talkativeness
      • Easily distracted
      • Hypersexuality
      • Physical agitation
      • Disregard of risk
      • Depressive
      • Sad
      • Irritable
      • Loss of interest in activity
      • Change in appetite
      • Oversleeping
      • Slowing
      • Feeling of worthlessness
      • Difficulty concentrating
      • Suicidal/morbid
    • Cure
      • Bipolar disorder “has no cure; rather, it is a recurring illness requiring long-term treatment.”
        • Better managed with continuous treatment
        • Medications from other disorders often prescribed to manage PBD
        • PBD medications currently in development stage
    • Dealing With PBD - Teachers
      • Dealing with medication
        • Preparation for side-effects
      • Develop pre-arranged signal with affected student in order to manage gastrointestinal and urological side effects of PBD
    • Dealing With PBD - Teachers
      • Reduce amount of reading to minimize effect of vision blurring
      • Become less demanding as medication wears off
      • Daily checklists should be maintained with student
      • All staff should be alerted to presence of PBD in order to manage the case efficiently
    • Sources
      • Nielsen, Brattland. Brief Reference of Student Disabilities . Corwin Press, 2009.