Putting the Action into General Plans: Cincinnati’s Comprehensive Plan APA Annual Conference April 15, 2012
Cincinnati’s Planning History 2 • In 1925, Cincinnati was the first city in the United States to have a comprehensive plan approved by City Council • Only two Plans since – 1948 and in 1980
3The Planning Process • Involve our residents, businesses and stakeholders in an open dialogue • Develop a vision, goals, and concrete short, medium, and long-range strategies • Set out a plan of action to implement the plan, define our partners • Review and measure our progress on a regular basis
4Progress to Date • 20+ meetings of Steering Committee • Initial visits to all Community Councils • 4 public kickoff meetings • 2 Neighborhood Summits (2010 and 2011) fully dedicated to development of Plan Cincinnati • 24 Working Group meetings to develop goals and action steps • Two public Open Houses • Youth Activity - “Planting the Future”
5 The Plan Cincinnati VisionThriving Re-Urbanization• The vision for the future of Cincinnati is focused on an unapologetic drive to create and sustain a thriving inclusive urban community, where engaged people and memorable places are paramount, where creativity and innovation thrive, and where local pride and confidence is contagious.
Five Initiative Areas 6Compete: Be the pivotal economic force of the regionLive: Strengthen our magnetic City with energized peopleConnect: Bring people and places togetherSustain: Steward resources and ensure long-term viabilityCollaborate: Partner to reach our common goals
8The Guiding GeographicPrinciples• Focus revitalization on existing centers of activity.• Link centers with effective transportation for maximum accessibility.• Create new centers of activity where appropriate.• Maximize industrial reinvestment in existing industrial areas.
10 Focus revitalization on existing centers of activity.• Centers of activity are more than just commercial areas – civic infrastructure as well.• Invest in our existing infrastructure.• Put additional resources into existing centers of activity.• Leveraging existing assets to create quality urban places
Link centers with 12transportation for maximumaccessibility• 22% of our housing units have no vehicle available – no choice but to walk, bike, ride transit.• Allow people to access centers on foot, by bike, or on public transportation.
13Create new centers of activitywhere appropriate.• Do this sparingly – where there is a residential population with needs that are not met.• Consider the locations where centers of activity are few or scattered.• Do not put resources into creating centers of activity in places that are already served.
14Determining new centers ofactivity• Define any residential populations that are not being adequately served by existing centers.• Identify areas where some services are clustered and determine if that is an area that could be expanded. Consider access to transportation.• Currently, there are large under-served areas on the west side of the City.
15Industrial reinvestment inexisting industrial areas.• Focus on the Mill Creek.• In order for our economic base to grow, industrial uses are needed.• We need to designate where future industrial uses belong.• Not all industrial development needs to be heavy industry (can be clean technology).
17Partnerships • Some things in the Plan are pivotal to the City but we can’t do it alone – need partners • Each Action Step will list partners necessary for implementation - City may not always be the lead agency but will always have a role
18Next Steps for Plan Cincinnati • Draft plan currently available at www.plancincinnati.org • April 20, 2012 – accepting public feedback on draft plan • Summer, 2012– City Planning Commission review • Fall, 2012 – City Council review
19Implementation • Action Steps divided into Short, Mid, Long range steps. • Review annually in conjunction with the Budget. - Newly restructured Priority- Based Budgeting Process.
20Implementation • Revisit Plan annually and update every 5 years to assess progress and adjust strategies if necessary. • Planning consistency policy to ensure that the Plan is implemented uniformly regardless of change in leadership or administrative staff. • Immediate implementation of Planning’s primary responsibility – the Land Development Code.
City of Cincinnati Community 21Challenge Grant Award • Cincinnati awarded $2.4 million (over 3 years) for development of Land Development Code (LDC) • $68 million total awarded by HUD and DOT through the Office of Sustainable Communities • Cincinnati received the 4th Largest award overall
22LDC Objectives • Meet Livability Principles and Plan Cincinnati goals • Expand tool box: - Consolidate existing zoning and subdivision regulations and building and environmental codes - Create new community oriented regulations that allow for development that promotes social, economic, and environmental benefits - Streamline processes and procedures for review and approval of development and improvement projects – without excluding the public review process
23Project Tools • Consolidate Development Regulations • Form-Based Codes • Inclusionary Zoning • Incentive Zoning • Transit-Oriented Development • Complete Streets • Transfer of Development Rights • CPTED • Site Plan review/Streamlined permitting process
24Next Steps • Existing Zoning Code diagnostic review • Assess existing regulations and plan policies • Strategic Framework for LDC • White Papers for New Tools • Stakeholder Interviews and workshops • Form Based Code Charrette (April 28 – May 2)