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Chapter 9 Psych 1 Online Stud 1200607706280093 4[1]

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  • 1. Chapter 9 Lifespan Development
  • 2. Sex and Biology
  • 3. Female Reproductive Organs
  • 4. Fertilization Fertilization = sperm + ovum (the gametes) form a single new cell, a zygote.
  • 5. The closer the genetic link between two individuals, the more similar their IQ scores are. Nature or nurture?
  • 6. Prenatal Testing Ultrasound Sonography
  • 7. The Start of Life The Onset of Development Germinal Stage (first 2 weeks) Embryonic Stage (two to eight weeks) Fetal Stage (eight weeks until birth)
  • 8. The Competent Newborn Reflexes http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/shared_hss_assets/psychology/dev_vid/video_pop-ups/feldman_vi
  • 9. The Competent Newborn: Milestones •Head up • One word •Rolling over • Sentences •Standing alone •Crawling •Cruising •Walking
  • 10. Psychosocial Development In Childhood • Harlows: Attachment determined by contact comfort, rather than food. • (Attachment to an inanimate object is not sufficient for normal social development.) • [next]
  • 11. Cognitive Development In Childhood • Jean Piaget proposed that cognitive development progresses through a series of qualitative stages [next]
  • 12. Cognitive Development In Childhood • Sensorimotor • Preoperational (near end of second year – ~7): Operation = mental action – Symbolic functioning – Centration; egocentrism [next] • Concrete Operations • Formal Operations – Love, shades of gray, values
  • 13. Adolescence • Puberty – Development of primary and secondary sex characteristics. – “The adolescent growth spurt” – Girls begin their growth spurts earlier (approx. 2 years) and complete them earlier. – By age 13, boys are taller on average. • Androgens • Estrogens • Menarche • Cultural trends • Secular trends shows earlier maturation (next slide)
  • 14. Young Adulthood • Parenting – Authoritarian – Authoritative – Permissive – Negligent – Democratic
  • 15. Middle Adulthood • Physical changes > characterized by a gradual decline. • Visual and auditory sensitivity declines, muscle strength decreases, and reaction time • Hormonal changes > menopause; marks the end of childbearing. • Decrease in estrogen production can lead to osteoporosis.
  • 16. Late Adulthood • increase in susceptibility to disease. • Dementia: degenerative, irreversable • ~1/3 of 85+ may suffer from Alzheimer's disease • Erikson: integrity versus despair – People who are unable to put their life in perspective may experience anger, bitterness, and despair.
  • 17. Death, Dying, and Bereavement • Elisabeth Kubler-Ross – Denial – Anger – Bargaining – Depression – Acceptance