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Chapter 05

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Transcript

  • 1. Introduction to Fire Protection 3rd Edition
  • 2. Chapter 5 Public and Private Support Organizations
  • 3. Objectives
    • Identify types of support organizations
    • Identify the purpose of specific organizations
    • List how these organizations assist the fire service
    • Identify the organization to contact when information regarding a specific subject is required
  • 4. Introduction
    • Numerous organizations are related to the fire service
      • National and international
      • State
      • Local
    • Purposes and memberships vary
    • This chapter covers only selected organizations
  • 5. National and International Organizations
    • American Red Cross (ARC)
      • Assists disaster victims and workers (see Figure 5-1)
    • Building Officials and Code Administrators (BOCA)
      • Creator of one of three U.S. model fire codes
    • Chemical Transportation Emergency Center (CHEMTREC)
      • 24-hour hotline for chemical emergencies
  • 6. National and International Organizations (con’t.)
    • Factory Mutual Engineering and Research Corporation (FM)
      • Evaluates fire protection devices and equipment
    • Fire Marshal’s Association of North America (FMANA)
      • Exchanges information on fire prevention and arson
  • 7. National and International Organizations (con’t.)
    • FIRESCOPE
      • Developed and constantly revises the Incident Command System
    • Insurance Services Office (ISO)
      • Gathers information for setting fire insurance rates
    • International Association of Fire Chiefs (IAFC)
      • Furthers advancement of the professional fire service
  • 8. National and International Organizations (con’t.)
    • International Fire Code Institute (IFCI)
      • Creator of one of the three U.S. model fire codes
    • International Association of Fire Fighters (IAFF)
      • Largest union organization representing firefighters
  • 9. National and International Organizations (con’t.)
    • International City Managers Association (ICMA)
      • Local government management professionals
    • International Conference of Building Officials (ICBO)
      • Develops model building codes
  • 10. National and International Organizations (con’t.)
    • International Fire Service Accreditation Congress (IFSAC)
      • Assists Assembly of Congress through accreditation, education, and arbitration
    • International Fire Service Training Association (IFSTA)
      • Publishes fire service training manuals
  • 11. National and International Organizations (con’t.)
    • National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
      • Develops standards for fire equipment and systems
      • Publishes textbooks
    • National Response Center (NRC)
      • Notifies agencies involved in hazardous materials emergencies
  • 12. National and International Organizations (con’t.)
    • National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG)
      • Develops training and reference materials for wildland firefighting
    • Southern Building Code Congress International (SBCCI)
      • Creator of one of the three U.S. model codes
    • Underwriters Laboratories (UL)
      • Tests, lists, and marks materials that are safe
  • 13. Federal Organizations
    • Department of Transportation (DOT)
      • Regulates transportation of hazardous materials in the U.S.
    • Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
      • Integrates federal, state, and local governments to protect U.S.
    • Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
      • Coordinates federal disaster response
  • 14. Federal Organizations (con’t.)
    • Emergency Management Institute (EMI)
      • Provides emergency management training for local government personnel
    • National Emergency Training Center (NETC)
      • Center for public organizations to meet for emergency response training
    • National Fire Academy (NFA)
      • Training organization for fire service professionals
  • 15. Federal Organizations (con’t.)
    • National Firefighting Equipment System (NFES)
      • Publishes reference and training manuals on wildland firefighting
    • United States Forest Service (USFS)
      • Provides fire protection to National Forests
    • Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
      • Provides fire protection to BLM
  • 16. Figure 5-2 United States Forest Service Figure 5-3 Bureau of Land Management
  • 17. Federal Organizations (con’t.)
    • National Park Service (NPS)
      • Provides fire protection to NPS
    • National Interagency Fire Center (NIFC)
      • Coordinates firefighting resources for wildland fires
    • Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (BATF)
      • Gathers and processes evidence for arson and bomb incidents
  • 18. Federal Organizations (con’t.)
    • Department of Defense (DOD)
      • Assists fire department with antiterrorism training and response
    • National Institutes for Safety and Health (NIOSH)
      • Addresses the problem of firefighter fatalities
    • Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
      • Ensures safe working conditions
  • 19. State Organizations
    • Office of State Fire Marshal (OSFM)
      • Enforces state fire laws
      • Promotes fire-related legislation
      • Develops statewide training programs
    • State Emergency Management Agency (SEMA)
      • Provides assistance to local government in disaster response, recovery, and mitigation
  • 20. State Organizations (con’t.)
    • State Forestry Department/Department of State Lands
      • Provides fire protection on state lands
    • Office of Emergency Management (OEM)
      • Coordinates with local fire agencies in response to disasters
  • 21. Local Organizations
    • Burn foundations
      • Raises funds for burn treatment and assistance
    • Police department
      • Provides evacuation and traffic control in emergencies
      • Assists in arson investigations
    • Emergency Operations Center (EOC)
      • Serves as focal point in regional incidents
  • 22. Local Organizations (con’t.)
    • Building department
      • Helps to ensure fire safety in structures
    • Water department
      • Helps to ensure adequate water supply
    • Planning department/Zoning commission
      • Determines what is built where
  • 23. Local Organizations (con’t.)
    • Street department
      • Maintains and regulates streets and bridges
      • Advises fire department of closures
      • Provides heavy equipment to fire department when needed
    • Judicial system
      • Assists with lawsuits and criminal prosecution
  • 24. Local Organizations (con’t.)
    • Emergency Medical Services Agency (EMS)
      • Monitors emergency medical training
      • Oversees private ambulance providers
      • Assists in mass casualty incidents
    • Community service organizations
      • Sources of revenue, equipment, and assistance with fire service public relations
      • Examples: Kiwanis, Rotary
  • 25. Periodical Publications
    • Sources of the latest developments in fire and emergency service
    • Examples
      • AMERICAN FIRE JOURNAL
      • FIRE CHIEF
      • FIRE ENGINEERING
      • FIREHOUSE
      • NFPA JOURNAL
      • JOURNAL of EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES
  • 26.
    • Numerous resources are available to help the fire service achieve its goals
      • Raises professional standards
      • Promotes legislation
      • Assists at emergencies
    • Fire service professionals can contact organizations to gather needed information on a wide variety of subjects
    Summary