Hazardous Materials for     First Responders           4th EditionChapter 5 — Incident Management
Incident Management Elements• Priorities - life safety - incident stabilization - property and environment protection• Man...
Incident Priorities                5–3
There are three incident prioritiesfor all haz mat incidents.                5–4
Variables for weighing life safety ofresponders versus the public.                5–5
Incident Management SystemForms a framework for control and  structure, to effectively manage an  incident• ICS-establishe...
IMS (Cont.)• NFPA 1561- requires adoption of an IMS  system for all emergencies• OSHA HAZWOPER- mandates an ICS  system as...
Incident management systemsoffer certain advantages.             5–8
U.S. NIMS• Implemented and adopted after 9/11• Designed to be applicable to both small  and large incidents• Builds from t...
The National Response Framework(NRF) explains how the U.S.manages all-hazards response.             5–10
The command and coordinationstructures of the NRF reflectthat of NIMS.              5–11
NRF’s mission in the case of acatastrophic terrorist attackaddresses four goals.               5–12
NRF resources include six different                         response and rescue teams. Click fornext slide     Courtesy of...
IMS Operational Functions Click fornext slide                       5–14
Incident Commander• Must make it know when command is taken or changed• Can delegate functions top others• Required to per...
The safety officer performs manyduties at an incident scene.               5–16
Safety Officer (requirements)• Must be trained at the level of operations being    conducted•   Obtain briefing from IC•  ...
Safety Briefings•   ID of hazard•   Description of site•   Tasks to perform/anticipated duration•   PPE requirements•   Mo...
Establishment of the command postis vital to a smooth operation.                     Courtesy of Ron Jeffers              ...
Terminology• Division- geographical responsibility• Group- functional assignment(equal to a division)• Branch- functional ...
The operations section directstactical activities and safety ofoperations personnel.                5–21
The planning section gathersand processes information.               5–22
The logistics section is the supportmechanism for organization.                5–23
The finance/administrationsection is established whenthere is a specific need.               5–24
Staging Area• Where personnel and equipment  awaiting assignment to the incident are  held• Keeps responders and their equ...
Resources must be tracked sothey can be assigned when andwhere needed.              5–26
Incident command establishmentand transfer follows a specific chain.                              (Continued)             ...
Chain of Incident CommandEstablishment and Transfercont.                             (Continued)              5–28
Chain of Incident CommandEstablishment and Transfercont.              5–29
Unified Command• Accomplishes control of an incident  involving multiple agencies with  overlapping authority and responsi...
Unified Command• Memorandum of understanding• Agencies that may be involved in  controlling hazardous material incidents• ...
IMS Haz Mat Positions              5–32
IMS Haz Mat Positions Click fornext slide                       5–33
Communications(guidelines)• Plain language• Only essential information• Appropriate channels and number of• Know how and w...
Communications is vital for incidentmanagement and mitigation.               5–35
Summary• Emergency response to haz mat  incidents must be conducted with a  certain management framework and  structure to...
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Chapter 05

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Transcript of "Chapter 05"

  1. 1. Hazardous Materials for First Responders 4th EditionChapter 5 — Incident Management
  2. 2. Incident Management Elements• Priorities - life safety - incident stabilization - property and environment protection• Management structure - command system (i.e. NIMS) - SOP’s, SOG’s• Problem solving process - analysis of incident - pre- plan strategic goals - tactical objectives and assignments - evaluation of progress Haz Mat for First Responders 5–2
  3. 3. Incident Priorities 5–3
  4. 4. There are three incident prioritiesfor all haz mat incidents. 5–4
  5. 5. Variables for weighing life safety ofresponders versus the public. 5–5
  6. 6. Incident Management SystemForms a framework for control and structure, to effectively manage an incident• ICS-established in the 70’s (FIRESCOPE)• NIMS-HSPD 5 (2003) 5–6
  7. 7. IMS (Cont.)• NFPA 1561- requires adoption of an IMS system for all emergencies• OSHA HAZWOPER- mandates an ICS system as a requirement for all haz mat responses Haz Mat for First Responders 5–7
  8. 8. Incident management systemsoffer certain advantages. 5–8
  9. 9. U.S. NIMS• Implemented and adopted after 9/11• Designed to be applicable to both small and large incidents• Builds from the ground up• Can grow from small- to large-scale• Incident Commander (IC) responsibilities 5–9
  10. 10. The National Response Framework(NRF) explains how the U.S.manages all-hazards response. 5–10
  11. 11. The command and coordinationstructures of the NRF reflectthat of NIMS. 5–11
  12. 12. NRF’s mission in the case of acatastrophic terrorist attackaddresses four goals. 5–12
  13. 13. NRF resources include six different response and rescue teams. Click fornext slide Courtesy of FEMA News Photos, photo by Andrea Booher 5–13
  14. 14. IMS Operational Functions Click fornext slide 5–14
  15. 15. Incident Commander• Must make it know when command is taken or changed• Can delegate functions top others• Required to perform these functions at haz mat incidents- establish site safety plan- implement a site security and control plan- designate a safety officer- identify materials or conditions involved in the incident- ensure all responders are wearing appropriate PPE- establish a decontamination plan- implement post-incident emergency response procedures Haz Mat for First Responders 5–15
  16. 16. The safety officer performs manyduties at an incident scene. 5–16
  17. 17. Safety Officer (requirements)• Must be trained at the level of operations being conducted• Obtain briefing from IC• Identify hazardous situations• Participate in the preparation and monitoring of incident safety considerations(medical monitoring)• Maintain communication with IC• Alter, suspend, or terminate unsafe activity• Conduct safety briefings Haz Mat for First Responders 5–17
  18. 18. Safety Briefings• ID of hazard• Description of site• Tasks to perform/anticipated duration• PPE requirements• Monitoring requirements• Identified risks• Additional pertinent info Haz Mat for First Responders 5–18
  19. 19. Establishment of the command postis vital to a smooth operation. Courtesy of Ron Jeffers 5–19
  20. 20. Terminology• Division- geographical responsibility• Group- functional assignment(equal to a division)• Branch- functional or geographic responsibility(used when division exceed their span of control)• Resources- all personnel or tools, may be individual companies, task forces or strike teams• Supervisor-individual in command of a division, group , or branch Haz Mat for First Responders 5–20
  21. 21. The operations section directstactical activities and safety ofoperations personnel. 5–21
  22. 22. The planning section gathersand processes information. 5–22
  23. 23. The logistics section is the supportmechanism for organization. 5–23
  24. 24. The finance/administrationsection is established whenthere is a specific need. 5–24
  25. 25. Staging Area• Where personnel and equipment awaiting assignment to the incident are held• Keeps responders and their equipment a short distance from the scene until they are needed• Minimizes confusion at the scene 5–25
  26. 26. Resources must be tracked sothey can be assigned when andwhere needed. 5–26
  27. 27. Incident command establishmentand transfer follows a specific chain. (Continued) 5–27
  28. 28. Chain of Incident CommandEstablishment and Transfercont. (Continued) 5–28
  29. 29. Chain of Incident CommandEstablishment and Transfercont. 5–29
  30. 30. Unified Command• Accomplishes control of an incident involving multiple agencies with overlapping authority and responsibility• All agencies that have a jurisdictional responsibility at a multijurisdictional incident contribute to the process through various actions (Continued) 5–30
  31. 31. Unified Command• Memorandum of understanding• Agencies that may be involved in controlling hazardous material incidents• Responsible or lead agency• Objectives that can be accomplished when organizations work together to develop haz mat pre-incident surveys 5–31
  32. 32. IMS Haz Mat Positions 5–32
  33. 33. IMS Haz Mat Positions Click fornext slide 5–33
  34. 34. Communications(guidelines)• Plain language• Only essential information• Appropriate channels and number of• Know how and what to request• Know how to transmit emergency signals• Know how to broadcast evacuation signals 5–34
  35. 35. Communications is vital for incidentmanagement and mitigation. 5–35
  36. 36. Summary• Emergency response to haz mat incidents must be conducted with a certain management framework and structure to ensure successful mitigation of the incident.• IMS must be implemented at all incidents. 5–36

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