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Chapter 03
 

Chapter 03

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    Chapter 03 Chapter 03 Presentation Transcript

    • Hazardous Materials for First Responders 4 th Edition Chapter 3 — Awareness-Level Actions at Hazardous Materials Incidents
    • Awareness-Level Responsibilities
      • Recognize presence or potential presence of Hazardous materials
      • Recognize container type and identify material if possible
      • Transmit info to proper authorities or call for appropriate assistance
      • Identify actions to protect selves and others
      • Establish scene control
      3 –
      • Pre-emergency planning with outside parties
      • Emergency recognition and planning
      • Lines Authority
      • Evacuation routes/places of refuge
      • Emergency alerting
      Emergency response plans/SOP’s 1 – Haz Mat for First Responders
    • Predetermined procedures give guidance on-scene. 1 – Courtesy of U.S. Air Force Click for next slide
    • Notification Requirements
      • SOP determined
      • 9-1-1, or radio dispatcher
      • Internal procedures
      3 –
    • Notification requirements for contacting law enforcement should be in SOPs. 3 – Courtesy of U.S. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, photo by RobHaynes
    • Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG) 3 –
      • Known as the “DOT Book” or the “Orange Book”
      • Published almost every three years
      • Covers Canada, Mexico, and the USA
      • http://hazmat.dot.gov/gydebook.htm
      • Intended as a guide for first responders during the initial phases of a hazardous materials incident
      Emergency Response Guidebook 1 – Haz Mat for First Responders
      • The book consists of the following major sections.
        • Placard information
        • Listing by DOT identification number
        • Alphabetical listing by shipping name
        • Response guides
        • Table of initial isolation and protective action distances
        • List of dangerous water-reactive materials
      1 – Haz Mat for First Responders
    • The Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG) has several uses. 3 –
    • General Organization
      • White Pages
        • general information
      • Yellow Pages
        • ID number
      • Blue Pages
        • product name
      • Orange Pages
        • emergency action guides
      • Green Pages
        • isolation and protective action distances
      Haz Mat for First Responders 1 –
      • DOT-ERG General
      • Information
      • Typical shipping papers
      Haz Mat for First Responders 1 –
    • 1 – Haz Mat for First Responders
    • 1 – Haz Mat for First Responders
      • TIH = T oxic by I nhalation H azard
        • Based on a LC 50 (Lethal Concentration) measurement from test audience exposure
        • LC 50 identifies the level of irreversible health effects to 50% of those exposed
      DOT – ERG (TIH) 1 – Haz Mat for First Responders
    • DOT - ERG Hazard Zone
      • Hazard Zone A - D is based on dangers expressed in PPM (parts per million)
      • A= Less than or equal to 200ppm
      • B= 201 TO 1,000 PPM
      • C= 1,001 TO 3,000PPM
      • D= 3,001 TO 5,000 PPM
      Haz Mat for First Responders 1 –
      • Chemical reaction that occurs when certain materials are heated
      • Considered unstable under high temps
      • @ 50 listed chemicals with the potential
      • Identified with a “P” i.e. 1959
      POLYMERIZATION 1 – Haz Mat for First Responders
      • Approach the scene cautiously from upwind
      • Secure the scene
      • Identify the hazards
      • Assess the situation
      • Obtain help
      • Decide on site entry
      • Respond carefully-avoid tunnel vision, identify all hazards
      • Above all - do not walk in the material, touch the material, or inhale the material
      Safety Precautions for Emergency Responders 1 – Haz Mat for First Responders
    • 1 – Haz Mat for First Responders
    • Emergency Response Guidebook
      • Placard information
      • Information about how to proceed at an incident where the only information available in a placard
      • Guide for explosives
      Haz Mat for First Responders 1–
    • Generic Guide Pages for Rail Transportation
      • Pictures and identification for rail containers can be used when no specific information is available
        • Example: Guide 131 for low pressure rail car and 117 for a high pressure car
      1 – Haz Mat for First Responders
    • 1 – Haz Mat for First Responders
      • Pictures and identification for highway containers can be used when no specific information is available
        • Example: Guide 131 would be used for a non-pressure liquid tank that would carry light oils
        • Guide 117 would be used for a tube trailer or cryogenic tank
      Generic Pages for Highway Transportation 1 – Haz Mat for First Responders
    • 1 – Haz Mat for First Responders
      • Numerical listing by DOT identification number.
      • Can be used when placard is visible.
      • Highlighted numbers – turn to orange and green sections.
      Yellow Section 1 – Haz Mat for First Responders
    • The ERG ID Number Index is marked by yellow pages. 3 – (Continued)
    • 1 – Haz Mat for First Responders
      • Alphabetical listing by chemical shipping name.
      • For reference with shipping papers.
      • High lightened numbers – turn to orange and green sections.
      Blue Section 1 – Haz Mat for First Responders
    • The ERG Material Name Index is marked by blue pages. 3 –
    • 1 – Haz Mat for First Responders
    • Obtaining the Appropriate Guide Page
      • Once a material is found in the blue or yellow bordered page the appropriate guide page will be identified: Example: Acetylene - Guide Page 116
      Haz Mat for First Responders 1 –
      • Actual guide pages for more than 4,000 chemicals.
      • Sixty-one total response guides.
      • Three-digit number.
      • Two pages per guide, divided into three sections.
          • Potential hazards
          • Public safety
          • Emergency response
      Orange Section 1 – Haz Mat for First Responders
    • 1 – Haz Mat for First Responders
    • ERG Initial Action Guides are marked by orange pages. 3 –
    • The left page has safety related information. 3 – (Continued)
    • The right page has response information. 3 – (Continued)
    • The potential hazards section should be consulted first. 3 – (Continued)
    • The public safety section provides more detail. 3 – (Continued)
    • Initial isolation distance is provided below public safety section. 3 – (Continued)
    • How to determine the evacuation zone. 3 – (Continued)
    • CAUTION
      • First responders must be properly trained to conduct the actions recommended by the ERG before attempting to perform them. They must also have the proper equipment to do so.
      3 –
    • The emergency response section has three parts. 3 – (Continued)
    • WARNING
      • Awareness-Level personnel should not handle or touch contaminated or potentially contaminated victims!
      3 –
    • Isolation Guide
      • Some materials are highlighted in yellow and blue which represents an unique hazard and indicates the material will be listed in the isolation table
      Haz Mat for First Responders 1 –
      • Table of initial isolation and protective action distances.
      • Subdivided
        • Small and large spills
        • Day or night
      • Evacuation distances.
      • List of dangerous water-reactive materials.
      Green Section 1 – Haz Mat for First Responders
      • Determine isolation/protection distances
      • Protective follow up actions
        • evacuation
        • in-place sheltering
        • other factors
      • Implementing Isolation area
        • size of spill
        • time of day
        • techniques
      Isolation / Protection Actions 1 – Haz Mat for First Responders
    • The Table of Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances is marked by green pages. 3 – (Continued)
    • How to calculate Protective Action Distances. 3 –
    • Emergency Response Centers are found in the white pages. 3 –
      • Caller’s name, callback telephone number, and FAX number
      • Location and nature of problem
      • Name and ID number of material
      • Shipper/consignee/point of origin
      • Carrier name, railcar reporting marks, or truck number
      Before calling gather specific information. 3 – (Continued)
      • Container type and size
      • Material quantity transported/released
      • Local conditions
      • Injuries, exposures, current conditions involving spills, leaks, fires, explosions, and vapor clouds, etc.
      • Local emergency services that have been notified
      Before calling gather specific information. 3 –
      • Newest hazard for responders
      • Provides information on indicators
        • Dead animals/birds/fish
        • Lack of insect life
        • Unexplained odors
        • Unusual numbers of dying or sick people
        • Pattern of causalities
        • Blisters or rashes
        • Others listed in DOT/ERG
      Criminal/Terrorist use of Chemical/Biological Agents 1 – Haz Mat for First Responders
    • Isolation and Denial of Entry
      • To ensure safety
      • For entry and exit
      • Prevents contamination
      3 –
    • The concept of isolation works to secure the emergency scene. 3 – (Continued) Courtesy of U.S. Air Force
    • The isolation perimeter establishes a boundary. 3 –
    • Terrorist Incidents 3 –
    • Terrorist incidents require unique actions. 3 – Courtesy of August Vernon
    • Awareness and Operations duties at terrorist incidents. 3 –
    • Summary
      • Responsibilities of Awareness-Level personnel
        • Understand predetermined procedures
        • Be able to use ERG and sections
        • Be familiar with safety procedures
        • Be aware of responsibilities at terrorist or criminal activities
      3 –