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Chapter 02
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Chapter 02


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  • 1. Introduction to Fire Protection 3rd Edition
  • 2. Chapter 2 Fire Protection Career Opportunities
  • 3. Objectives
    • Identify fire protection jobs in the public and private fire service
    • List duties and requirements of firefighter trainee and firefighter
    • List duties and requirements of firefighter/paramedic
  • 4. Objectives (con’t.)
    • List duties and requirements of the position of fire heavy equipment operator
    • List duties and requirements of the position of firefighter forestry aid
    • Give examples of fire service jobs other than firefighter
  • 5. Introduction
    • Fire protection jobs
      • Firefighter and non-firefighter positions
      • Public and private sectors
    • Promotions available with advanced training
  • 6. Public Fire Protection Careers
    • Firefighter jobs
      • Firefighter trainee - fire department
      • Firefighter - fire department
      • Firefighter - fire department federal
      • Firefighter paramedic
      • Fire heavy equipment operator
      • Forestry aid
  • 7. Firefighter Trainee - Fire Department
    • Less pay and fewer benefits than regular firefighter
    • Works under close supervision in a learning capacity
    • Attends drills and classes
    • May operate equipment
    • Promoted to probationary status after specified time and completion of training
  • 8. Firefighter - Fire Department
    • Standard entry level position
    • Responds to fire alarms and other emergency calls
    • Assists in equipment maintenance
    • Administers first aid
    • May act as relief for driver/operator or company officer
      • Can test for these positions after meeting prerequisites
  • 9. Firefighter - Fire Department Federal
    • Works at federal installations
      • Mostly at military bases
    • Job description, requirements, and promotional opportunities much like firefighter fire department municipal
  • 10. Firefighter Paramedic
    • Requires advanced medical training
    • Has increased medical responsibility
    • Responds in ambulance or special squad vehicle
    • May include pay incentives
    • Provides opportunity for lateral transfer to another department
  • 11. Figure 2-2 Firefighter paramedic checking infant for injuries
  • 12. Fire Heavy Equipment Operator
    • Works primarily in departments that provide fire protection in wildland areas
      • Mostly in southwestern United States
    • Operates bulldozers and other heavy equipment
    • Constructs and maintains fire breaks and roads
    • Usually a one-class position
  • 13.  
  • 14. Safety Section Retirement
    • Provided for extremely dangerous and stressful occupations
    • Primarily includes fire and police
    • Includes
      • Higher levels of benefits
      • Higher percentage at retirement
      • 20 vs 30 yr. retirement
  • 15. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Forest Service U.S. Dept. of the interior , BLM , and U.S. Park Service
  • 16. Firefighter (Forestry Aid) Wildland GS3
    • Seasonal jobs for entry level personnel
    • - advanced trainee wildland fire suppresion
      • Summer job for many college students
      • On the job training
    • Works in forest environment, often in extreme conditions
    • Learns fuel management and fire suppression techniques
    • Performs resource management tasks
    • Can lead to more specialized positions
  • 17. Tasks
    • Fire line construction
    • Fire extinguishment
    • Prescribed burns
    • Other resource management tasks i.e. recreation, reforestation
  • 18. Promotional Opportunities
    • Firefighter
    • Helitack Crew
    • Smoke Jumper
    • Fire prevention Tech.
    • Engine Operator
  • 19. More Public Fire Protection Careers
    • Non-firefighting jobs
      • Fire prevention specialist
      • Fire hazardous materials program specialist
      • Fire department training specialist
      • Public fire safety/Education specialist
      • Dispatcher/Telecommunicator
  • 20. Fire Prevention Specialist
    • Requires knowledge of codes and ordinances
    • Performs routine field checks of fire prevention systems
    • Assists in inspections and gathering statistical data
    • Writes reports and assists in record keeping
    • Provides hazardous materials disclosure information
  • 21. Fire Hazardous Materials Program Specialist
    • Requires chemistry or related degree
    • Evaluates potential hazards of unused hazards and related materials
    • Analyzes and maintains inventory of hazardous materials
    • Serves as technical advisor to fire department
    • Interprets laws and provides information to emergency personnel and the public
  • 22. Fire Department Training Specialist
    • Requires education in instruction and evaluation
    • Plans, develops, and produces training, information, and educational materials
    • Presents training programs to fire department and general public
    • Reviews training programs, standard operating procedures, and member ability
    • Researches and recommends new programs
  • 23. Public Fire Safety/Education Specialist
    • Ability to teach all age groups (see Figure 2-8)
    • Provides public education within the community for all aspects of fire safety
    • Coordinates community programs
    • Organizes fund-raising activities
  • 24. Dispatcher / Telecommunicator
    • Requires computer knowledge, typing proficiency, and communication skills
    • Firefighter position in some departments
    • Receives calls and dispatches equipment
    • Deals with emergency and non-emergency calls
    • May be trained in Emergency Medical Dispatch
  • 25. Private Fire Protection Careers
    • Firefighter
    • Insurance companies representative
    • Industry
    • Fire protection systems engineer
    • Fire protection system maintenance specialist
    • Inventors
  • 26. Firefighter
    • Plant protection for industrial facilities
      • Example: Northrop Grumman
    • Wildland firefighting companies
      • Provide apparatus and crews
      • May also deal with structural protection and hazardous materials
  • 27. Insurance Companies
    • Require fire technology personnel in loss prevention
      • Inspectors
      • Emergency plan developers
      • Claims adjusters
      • Investigators
  • 28. Industry
    • Employs firefighters, loss prevention specialists, and safety consultants
      • Inspect properties for fire and other hazards
      • Develop and present employee training programs
  • 29. Fire Protection Systems Engineer
    • Requires advanced degree
    • Designs fire protection systems
    • Plans the installation of systems
    • Designs specialized systems for system operations
  • 30. Fire Protection System Maintenance Specialist
    • Sells, installs, and maintains fire protection equipment
    • Services fire extinguishers annually
    • Inspects and maintains fixed protection systems and equipment
      • Sprinklers; systems to protect computer rooms, etc.
  • 31. Invention and Innovation
    • Firefighters respond to need for new tools and techniques
      • George Smith (FDNY) invented fire hydrant
      • Edward Pulaski (USFS) invented Pulaski tool
      • Firefighters developed FIRESCOPE Incident Command System (see Chapter 13)
      • Captain Scott Park aided in development of Searchcam tool
  • 32.
    • Fire technology degrees provide opportunities in public and private sectors
    • There is stiff competition for firefighter positions
    • Education and experience are assets
    • Firefighting requires a wide range of specialties to perform duties
    • Can work in a related field if medical requirements are not met