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Chapter 02

Chapter 02






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    Chapter 02 Chapter 02 Presentation Transcript

    • Introduction to Fire Protection 3rd Edition
    • Chapter 2 Fire Protection Career Opportunities
    • Objectives
      • Identify fire protection jobs in the public and private fire service
      • List duties and requirements of firefighter trainee and firefighter
      • List duties and requirements of firefighter/paramedic
    • Objectives (con’t.)
      • List duties and requirements of the position of fire heavy equipment operator
      • List duties and requirements of the position of firefighter forestry aid
      • Give examples of fire service jobs other than firefighter
    • Introduction
      • Fire protection jobs
        • Firefighter and non-firefighter positions
        • Public and private sectors
      • Promotions available with advanced training
    • Public Fire Protection Careers
      • Firefighter jobs
        • Firefighter trainee - fire department
        • Firefighter - fire department
        • Firefighter - fire department federal
        • Firefighter paramedic
        • Fire heavy equipment operator
        • Forestry aid
    • Firefighter Trainee - Fire Department
      • Less pay and fewer benefits than regular firefighter
      • Works under close supervision in a learning capacity
      • Attends drills and classes
      • May operate equipment
      • Promoted to probationary status after specified time and completion of training
    • Firefighter - Fire Department
      • Standard entry level position
      • Responds to fire alarms and other emergency calls
      • Assists in equipment maintenance
      • Administers first aid
      • May act as relief for driver/operator or company officer
        • Can test for these positions after meeting prerequisites
    • Firefighter - Fire Department Federal
      • Works at federal installations
        • Mostly at military bases
      • Job description, requirements, and promotional opportunities much like firefighter fire department municipal
    • Firefighter Paramedic
      • Requires advanced medical training
      • Has increased medical responsibility
      • Responds in ambulance or special squad vehicle
      • May include pay incentives
      • Provides opportunity for lateral transfer to another department
    • Figure 2-2 Firefighter paramedic checking infant for injuries
    • Fire Heavy Equipment Operator
      • Works primarily in departments that provide fire protection in wildland areas
        • Mostly in southwestern United States
      • Operates bulldozers and other heavy equipment
      • Constructs and maintains fire breaks and roads
      • Usually a one-class position
    • Safety Section Retirement
      • Provided for extremely dangerous and stressful occupations
      • Primarily includes fire and police
      • Includes
        • Higher levels of benefits
        • Higher percentage at retirement
        • 20 vs 30 yr. retirement
    • U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Forest Service U.S. Dept. of the interior , BLM , and U.S. Park Service
    • Firefighter (Forestry Aid) Wildland GS3
      • Seasonal jobs for entry level personnel
      • - advanced trainee wildland fire suppresion
        • Summer job for many college students
        • On the job training
      • Works in forest environment, often in extreme conditions
      • Learns fuel management and fire suppression techniques
      • Performs resource management tasks
      • Can lead to more specialized positions
    • Tasks
      • Fire line construction
      • Fire extinguishment
      • Prescribed burns
      • Other resource management tasks i.e. recreation, reforestation
    • Promotional Opportunities
      • Firefighter
      • Helitack Crew
      • Smoke Jumper
      • Fire prevention Tech.
      • Engine Operator
    • More Public Fire Protection Careers
      • Non-firefighting jobs
        • Fire prevention specialist
        • Fire hazardous materials program specialist
        • Fire department training specialist
        • Public fire safety/Education specialist
        • Dispatcher/Telecommunicator
    • Fire Prevention Specialist
      • Requires knowledge of codes and ordinances
      • Performs routine field checks of fire prevention systems
      • Assists in inspections and gathering statistical data
      • Writes reports and assists in record keeping
      • Provides hazardous materials disclosure information
    • Fire Hazardous Materials Program Specialist
      • Requires chemistry or related degree
      • Evaluates potential hazards of unused hazards and related materials
      • Analyzes and maintains inventory of hazardous materials
      • Serves as technical advisor to fire department
      • Interprets laws and provides information to emergency personnel and the public
    • Fire Department Training Specialist
      • Requires education in instruction and evaluation
      • Plans, develops, and produces training, information, and educational materials
      • Presents training programs to fire department and general public
      • Reviews training programs, standard operating procedures, and member ability
      • Researches and recommends new programs
    • Public Fire Safety/Education Specialist
      • Ability to teach all age groups (see Figure 2-8)
      • Provides public education within the community for all aspects of fire safety
      • Coordinates community programs
      • Organizes fund-raising activities
    • Dispatcher / Telecommunicator
      • Requires computer knowledge, typing proficiency, and communication skills
      • Firefighter position in some departments
      • Receives calls and dispatches equipment
      • Deals with emergency and non-emergency calls
      • May be trained in Emergency Medical Dispatch
    • Private Fire Protection Careers
      • Firefighter
      • Insurance companies representative
      • Industry
      • Fire protection systems engineer
      • Fire protection system maintenance specialist
      • Inventors
    • Firefighter
      • Plant protection for industrial facilities
        • Example: Northrop Grumman
      • Wildland firefighting companies
        • Provide apparatus and crews
        • May also deal with structural protection and hazardous materials
    • Insurance Companies
      • Require fire technology personnel in loss prevention
        • Inspectors
        • Emergency plan developers
        • Claims adjusters
        • Investigators
    • Industry
      • Employs firefighters, loss prevention specialists, and safety consultants
        • Inspect properties for fire and other hazards
        • Develop and present employee training programs
    • Fire Protection Systems Engineer
      • Requires advanced degree
      • Designs fire protection systems
      • Plans the installation of systems
      • Designs specialized systems for system operations
    • Fire Protection System Maintenance Specialist
      • Sells, installs, and maintains fire protection equipment
      • Services fire extinguishers annually
      • Inspects and maintains fixed protection systems and equipment
        • Sprinklers; systems to protect computer rooms, etc.
    • Invention and Innovation
      • Firefighters respond to need for new tools and techniques
        • George Smith (FDNY) invented fire hydrant
        • Edward Pulaski (USFS) invented Pulaski tool
        • Firefighters developed FIRESCOPE Incident Command System (see Chapter 13)
        • Captain Scott Park aided in development of Searchcam tool
      • Fire technology degrees provide opportunities in public and private sectors
      • There is stiff competition for firefighter positions
      • Education and experience are assets
      • Firefighting requires a wide range of specialties to perform duties
      • Can work in a related field if medical requirements are not met