Narrative structures are the chronological stages/steps that progress from one to the other throughout the story. It structures how the story is told, not the story itself and helps the viewer understand the story.
<ul><li>The conventional narrative structure, was shown by Tzvetan Todorov, has five stages although this can be broken down into three stages… </li></ul>1. A beginning- State of equilibrium 2. A middle- Disruption to the equilibrium 3. An end- Reinstate the equilibrium or new equilibrium Equilibrium meaning a state of balance which the characters normally find themselves in the beginning
Tzvetan Todorov conventional structure in 5 stages Stage one- A state of equilibrium is defined Stage two- Disruption to the equilibrium by some action/crisis Stage three- The character (s) recognition that there has been disruption Stage four- The character (s) attempt to repair disruption Stage five- Reinstatement to the equilibrium and conclusion is announced
Conventional narrative structure is the stereotypical structure for a film and can be seen in many films of a wide variety such as avatar, star wars or toy story.
What is Anti-Narrative? Anti-narrative is a form of narrative in which events are displayed out of chronological order. This structure is varied in usage and can be used for a variety of purposes, such as mimicking human memory (Christopher Nolan’s Memento ) or showing a series of separate sub-plots that are in some way interlinked (Quentin Tarantino’s Pulp Fiction ).
The effect of Anti-narrative <ul><li>Anti-narrative can be used to help the viewer understand the protagonist’s trail of thought (through flashbacks, or to convey confusion in psychological thrillers). </li></ul><ul><li>Additionally putting the events out of chronological order can alter the viewer’s opinion on them: in Gaspar Noé‘s Irréversible the portrayal of a vengeance killing before the rape scene that prompts it causes the audience to consider the effects of the murder in more depth than the protagonist’s emotions. </li></ul><ul><li>Some films following more conventional structures will often employ a form of anti-narrative in which the protagonist is shown in a dilemma closer to the climax of the film before explaining how they reached it, for example in Slumdog Millionaire . </li></ul>
Examples of Anti-narrative <ul><li>Directors: Quentin Tarantino, Steven Soderbergh & Christopher Nolan </li></ul>