GLOBALISATION This is defined as the processes by which people, their cultures, money, goods and information can be transferred between countries with few or no barriers. OUR GLOBAL LIVES Clothes Family Travel Music, film Complete the ‘My Global life’ worksheet http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ljbI-363A2Q
So what is globalisation? <ul><li>The term began its use in 1990’s. </li></ul><ul><li>Prior to that geographers talked just about the ‘global economy’ </li></ul><ul><li>There was then a growing realisation that economic changes were also being accompanied by cultural, demographic, political and environmental changes on a worldwide scale. </li></ul><ul><li>There are a wealth of GOOD and BAD views on globalisation. Can you think of any? </li></ul>
Globalisation is nothing new though right? <ul><li>It is nothing new in the sense that continents and countries have been connected for centuries through: </li></ul><ul><li>Trade – Especially after 1492 when Columbus reached the Americas. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonialism – By the end of the 19 th C, the British empire directly controlled one quarter of the world and its people. </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation – Since WW1, international organisations similar to today’s UN have existed. </li></ul>
Globalisation is nothing new though right? <ul><li>What makes modern globalisation different is: </li></ul><ul><li>A lengthening of connections between people and places. </li></ul><ul><li>Products are being sources from further away than ever before. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a growing spatial division of labour. </li></ul><ul><li>A deepening connection to other people and places in more areas of our lives. </li></ul>
What are the AGENTS of globalisation and why has it increased in the last 30 years? <ul><li>Trans National Companies (TNC’s) </li></ul><ul><li>Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul><ul><li>International organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Increased trade </li></ul><ul><li>New markets </li></ul><ul><li>Make brief notes from Page 92,93 to explain how each of the agents above have led to increased globalisation. </li></ul>
Name 10 TNC's under the following headings. CLOTHES FOOD OIL MUSIC TECHNOLOGY FINANCE TRANSPORT
ON EARTH ! AN EXAMPLE OF A GLOBAL SUPPLY CHAIN
This is a Dell Inspiron 600m Notebook And here is the global supply chain which produced it…………..
Designed in Texas and Taiwan Assembled in Malaysia Graphics card made in China CD/DVD drive made in the Philippines LCD display made in Japan Memory made in Germany Hard disk drive made in Singapore Microprocessor made in Costa Rica Memory stick made in Israel Power cord made in India Power adaptor made in Thailand Every Dell computer comprises components which are made all over the world
Dell’s six factories around the world assemble computers made of components produced in many countries …….. Look at the map which follows and then DESCRIBE the distribution of Dell suppliers
Global HQ Factories Microprocessor Memory Graphics card Cooling fan Motherboard Keyboard LCD display Battery Wireless card Modem Hard disk drive CD/DVD drive Carry bag Power adaptor Power cord Memory stick
HOMEWORK TASK <ul><li>Explain why globalisation has increased over the past 50 years. (6 marks) </li></ul>
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