Livable Communities, Equity and Transportation A Perspective from Joblinks Carolyn Jeskey Joblinks Employment Transportation Center Community Transportation Association of America 2011
What is a livable community?
What does it take to make a livable community?
1) Through a job access connectivity lens
2) Through a lens of meeting the mobility needs of low-wage earners, workers with disabilities, older workers
Livability Goals, Todd Litman, VTPI
– More and better employment and business activity: access to education and employment opportunities
– Transportation system accommodates all users
– All residents can afford access to basic (essential) services and activities
1) Importance of multimodalism
Importance of vanpools.
Important solution for rural-based families
Connects people to livelihood
where housing close to job is not affordable
Can be more efficient trip for the long-distance traveler
West Florida Vanpools
On Florida's panhandle, local beach businesses were having trouble filling available jobs.
Job seekers were isolated from these opportunities by long commutes.
Destin Area Chamber of Commerce, with support from the West Florida Regional Planning Council (the Pensacola-area MPO), developed a vanpool service.
Support from community businesses, local leaders and transportation planners
Currently operating 7 vanpools
West Florida Continued
Fees to cover operations cost paid by the rider are matched by the employer.
Employees receive commuter benefits from employers in form of Commuter Bucks -- coupons/voucher used to pay for vanpool rides.
Employers purchase Commuter Bucks coupons to distribute to workers
Used in conjunction with Guaranteed Ride Home Program
Ben Franklin Vanpools
South Central Washington State
Enables rural residents access to many of the 5000 jobs at DoE site and other jobs, that had no regular transit
These dispersed jobs within 150-mile radius
Today, more than 100 vanpooling groups
The vanpool program almost doubles the agency’s operational area, traveling in two states – Washington and Oregon – eight counties, and 12 cities.
A Mode for Job Recovery
“ Back to Work”
King County, Washington
Offers vanpooling used by low-wage earners
VanShare commuter program
Group takes last leg of trip together and uses public transit other part of the journey
Here, Vanpooling is a “Last-Mile” Strategy
2) Livability’s Enabler Components
Five key issues for creating “livable” lives
Guaranteed Ride Home
A Picture of Future Workers
SEVEN top occupations expected to provide the greatest number of new jobs in the next decade, as projected by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, SIX will be low-paying . (NPR, Where the Jobs will be This Decade, January 2010)
Many workers may resort to the “two-job norm” to make ends meet. And many people may maintain two sources of income over long periods. (HBR blog) – “Involuntary part-time jobs”
Reduced Fare Programs
Set up programs to support travel of low-wage earners (e.g., subsidized travel, information about services)
No one profile of a low-wage earner – so make your eligibility broad
Provide one place to contact for help with funding, as well as for service information and scheduling
Section 132(f) - Commuter Tax Benefit
Briefs on what workforce investment boards, one stop career centers, community colleges are doing.
Late night services
Co-location of transit and child care
The Tamien Child Care Center near Santa Clara Valley Transit hub
Transportation that includes parent and child, or just child
Late night door-to-door service
Connection, is what matters
Co-locate support services
Bring the services to the neighborhoods where people live and frequent – with MOBILE UNITS
Complete Streets to keeping employees mobile by giving them access to transit, biking, walking…
Duluth Transportation Advocate
The Prosperity Agenda, transportation at top
Employed by Community Action Duluth
Working with local transit to provide better transportation service to workers who don’t work traditional Monday-to-Friday daytime hours.
Pushing for a policy of “Complete Streets”
Advocating for Head Start participants hurt by budget cuts that have eliminated bus service to Head Start programs.
Working to make sure neighborhood redevelopment plans make daily transportation needs simple, such as getting to and from child care, buying groceries, and getting to work.
Working to get residents and the city of Duluth to clear snow off sidewalks in the winter.
Is Livability a Luxury?
Joblinks Vision for Back to Work:
A nation in which transportation is always the link, and never the barrier, to accessing employment, training, child care or related destinations.
Carolyn Jeskey, Director Joblinks Employment Transportation Community Transportation Association 800-527-8279 ext. 124 [email_address] www.ctaa.org/Joblinks Twitter: JobTransInfo