The Group of Eight (G8) is a forum for the governments of eight large economies of six governments: France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States,
The French Republic is unitary, semi presidential republic with strong democratic traditions. The President shares executive power with his or her appointee, the Prime Minister. “Each country has a soul, and Frances soul is equality”Pres. Francois Hollande
Germany The Federal Republic of Germany is a parliamentary republic, based on representative democracy. The Chancellor is the head of the government , while the President of Germany is the head of state, which is a ceremonial role with substantial reserve powers Pres. Joachim Gauck“Make progress with self-confidence”
Italy Italy is a parliamentary, democratic republic Pres. Giorgio Napolitanoa "collective examination of conscience" inwhat seemed a not-so-coded message to apolitical class often more concerned with theirown survival than that of their country.
Japan Japan is a constitutional monarchy where the power of the emperor is very limited. As a ceremonial figurehead, he is defined by the constitution as "the symbol of the state and of the unity of the people". Power is held chiefly by the Prime Minister and other elected members of the Diet, while sovereignty is Emperor Akihito vested in the Japanese people. “In view of history, I Akihito is the current Emperor of sincerely wish that the Japan ravages of war will never be repeated”.
United Kingdom The United Kingdom is a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary Elizabeth II, systemQueen of United Kingdom“I have in sincerity pledged myself to your service, as somany of you are pledged to mine. Throughout all my lifeand with all my heart I shall strive to be worthy of yourtrust”
United States The United States of America is a republic. A republic is a form of government in which there are laws that limit the powers of government Federal Government The outline of the government of the United States is laid out in the Constitution. The government was formed in 1789, making the United States one of the worlds first, if not Pres. Barack Obama the first, modern national“Change will not come if we wait for some constitutional republic.other person or some other time. We arethe ones weve been waiting for. We arethe change that we seek”.
A republic is led by representatives of the voters. Each is individually chosen for a set period of time.Constitutional Monarchy Parliamen Republic Anarchy monarchy (or limited monarchy) is a form of tary (Afghanistagovernment in which a monarch acts as head of state within the (Jordan) (Israel) (USA) n?)parameters of a constitution, whether it be a written, uncodified or Rule by a Rule by a A form of A monarchy A A republic is single leader single government has a king or parliamentar led byblended constitution. political where claim queen, who y system is representati who has not been rulers the sometimes led by ves of the elected and party. to be ruling has absolute representati voters. Each may use People are on behalf of power. ves of the isA parliamentary system is led by representatives of the people. Each is force to keep forced to do what the a set of religious Power is passed along people. Each is chosen as individually chosen for achosen as a member of a political party and remains in power as long as control. In a government ideas, or as through the a member of set period of military tells them direct family a political time. dictatorship, and may agents of a party andhis/her party does the army is in control. also be prevented deity. remains in power as Usually, from leaving long as there is the his/her country. In a democracy, the government is elected by the people. Everyone who little or no attention to party does publicis eligible to vote - which is a majority of the population - has a chance opinion or individualto have their say over who runs the country. rights.
In economics, BRIC is a grouping acronym that refers to the countries of Brazil, ,Russia, India and China, which are all deemed to be at a similar stage of newly advanced economic development. It is typically rendered as "the BRICs" or "the BRIC countries" or "the BRIC economies" or alternatively as the "Big Four".
Brazil The politics of Brazil take place in a framework of a federal presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President is both head of state and head of governmentPres. Dilma RousseffThe business leaders must do their part,seize opportunities, take risks and letflourish that animal spirit that (economistJohn Maynard) Keynes spoke of
Russia takes place in the framework of a federal semi-presidential republic. According to the Constitution of Russia the President of Russia is head of state, and of a multi-party system with executive power exercised by the government, headed by the Prime Minister is appointed by the President with the parliaments approval.Pres. Dmitry MedvedevIn essence, priority national projects are the mechanism thatwill help us improve the living standards of every Russiancitizen
India The Government of India, officially known as the Union Government, and also known as the Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of the union of 28 states and seven union territories, collectively called the Republic of President Pratibha Patil India.We have to strive to make the domestic environment moreconducive to investment, encouraging public as well asprivate investment, and domestic as well as foreigninvestment, particularly foreign direct investment. We have tomaintain the momentum for reforms on a wide front.
China Communist state In a communist country, the government owns all businesses and farms and provides its peoples healthcare, education and welfare.President Hu Jintao"Leading cadres at all levels should always maintain aspirit of moral character and be aware of thetemptations of power, money and beautiful women"
The question again remains that "what is thebest form of government?"Aristocracy - "rule by the wealthy and well-connected".Anarchy - "rule by individual" •Anarcho-capitalism - economy organized around private property •Anarcho-syndicalism - economy organized around worker controlAutocracy - "rule by a single individual". •Dictatorship - rule by leadership unrestrained by law
Monarchy - rule by a single individualelected by ancestry •Absolute monarchy - monarchs power is unrestrained by law •Constitutional monarchy - monarchs power is restrained by
Democracy - "rule by the people“ •Representative democracy - the people elect the officers of government •Republic - representative democracy with elected head of state, as opposed to appointed or hereditary •Single-party democracy - one party dominates the government •Two-party democracy - two parties dominate the government
Direct democracy - the people themselves vote on the law•Ancient (Athenian) democracy having threepillars, Isokratia (every citizen has the samepower),Isigoria (all citizens have equal right to beheard) and Isonomia (every citizen is equal in frontof the laws which are always decided using majorityrule).•Liberal democracy - the peoples power throughdemocracy is checked by law, often by means of awritten consitution
Despotism - absolute rule by a singleauthority (could fall under autocracy or oligarchy) •Enlighted despotism - despot uses absolute authority for the betterment of societyMeritocracy - "rule by those who most deserve torule".Oligarchy - "rule by the few".Plutocracy - "rule by the wealthy“
Theocracy "rule by religious leaders, ostensibly onbehalf of their deity or deities" •Christian state - ostensibly guided by Christian principles •Islamic republic - ostensibly guided by Islamic principlesTyranny - General description of a bad regimeTechnocracy - rule by the scientifically educated,or ostensibly guided by scientific principles
Source:http: campaigns.wikia.com/wiki/Forum:accessed June 9, 2012