1. Role of the Local Government in Development Edwin RB. Gbargaye Discussant/Presenter Professor: Dr. Jo B. Bitonio DM 215 Governance & Regional Administration PSU, Urdaneta City, Pangasinan
2. Structure & Function/Distinction - Significant provision of RA 7160 - Issues and Problems in Decentralization
4. Region Provinces Cities Municipalities Barangays NCR - 16 1 1,705 CAR 6 1 76 1,176 I 4 8 117 3,265 II 5 3 90 2,311 III 7 13 117 3,102 IV-A 5 13 129 4,011 IV-B 5 2 71 1,458 V 6 7 107 3,471 VI 6 16 117 4,051 VII 4 12 120 3,003
5. Region Provinces Cities Municipalities Barangays VIII 6 4 139 4,390 IX 3 5 67 1,904 X 5 8 85 2,022 XI 4 5 44 1,162 XII 4 5 45 1,194 XIII (CARAGA) 5 3 70 1,310 ARMM 5 1 117 2,490 TOTAL 80 122 1,512 42,025
6. Source: NSCB 2010
7. Number of Capital Towns, Component Cities and Independent Component Cities as of June 30, 2010
8. Section 76. of LGC of 1991 Organizational Structure and Staffing Pattern. Every local government unit shall design and implement its own organizational structure and staffing pattern taking into consideration its service requirements and financial capability, subject to the minimum standards and guidelines prescribed by the Civil Service Commission
10. National Government ARMM 5 Provinces 117 Municipalities 2490 Barangays MMDA 1 Municipalities 16 Cities Barangay Barangay 1 City
11. Structure of Philippine Local Government Padilla: 1998 National Government Province Highly Urbanized City Component City Municipality Barangay Barangay Barangay
12. <ul><li>The Role of the Local Government in Development </li></ul><ul><li>The local government is also called the governments of the parts of a nation. Its levels vary according to the political pattern and experience of each and every nation like the Philippines. According to (Humes and Martin 1969), the state supervised units which can also be described as “infra-sovereign” local governments do not have any aspect of sovereignty. </li></ul>
13. The Role of the Local Government in Development <ul><li>In unitary states like the Philippines the supervision over local governments is done by the national government. </li></ul><ul><li>The UN defines local governments as “political subdivisions of a nation or state” (UN 1962); some authorities refer to them as “parts” of the government of a nation or state. </li></ul>
14. The Role of the Local Government in Development <ul><li>This entails assessment of the resources, leadership potentials and administrative capabilities of the different levels of local government, which would be the basis for determining the powers, functions and services to be devolved to them. </li></ul><ul><li>Local government officials, as earlier mentioned, make political decisions. Like earmarking revenues for different projects for the public good. These decisions generally take the form of ordinances. </li></ul>
15. The Role of the Local Government in Development <ul><li>On Development </li></ul><ul><li>National development is a good achieved through an effective partnership between the central and local governments, each one performing a service as an aspect of a function which it can adequately perform. </li></ul><ul><li>The local government code (LGC) devolves to all local units the administration of five basic services : agriculture, health, social welfare, maintenance of public works and highways, and </li></ul><ul><li>environmental protection. What this means is that the appointment of persons performing these functions in their local areas is now done by the local chief executives. There salaries are also paid from local funds. </li></ul>
16. The Role of the Local Government in Development Revenue Generation Local governments are authorized by law to impose certain taxes to support their activities. However, their main source of revenue is the internal revenue tax, which is shared by the national government with them. The Code raises their share of these taxes from 20 percent to 40 percent. It also modifies the sharing schemes by providing for the following: 34 percent to the municipalities, 23 percent to the cities, 23 percent to the provinces, and 20 percent to the barangays.
17. The Role of the Local Government in Development <ul><li>Revenue Generation </li></ul><ul><li>Internal revenue allotments (IRA) are also divided according to other criteria: 50 percent by population, 25 percent by area, and 25 percent in terms of equal sharing. Local units impose the property realty tax, and much depends on their assessment and collection efficiency. They also tax business. Cities and municipalities impose the amusement tax. Barangay clearance is now needed before permits can be given by the cities and municipalities for businesses. </li></ul>
18. The MAJOR FEATURES Republic Act No. 7160 otherwise known as the Local Government Code of 1991
19. <ul><li>Sec. 17 of LGC of 1991, Basic Services and Facilities. </li></ul><ul><li>a. Local government units shall endeavor to be self-reliant and shall continue exercising the powers and discharging the duties and functions currently vested upon them. They shall also discharge the functions and responsibilities of national agencies and offices </li></ul><ul><li>devolved to them pursuant to this Code. Local government units shall likewise exercise such other powers and discharge such other functions and responsibilities as are necessary, appropriate, or </li></ul><ul><li>incidental to efficient and effective provision of the basic services and facilities enumerated herein. </li></ul>
20. Devolved Basic Services On Health and Social Services: 1. include the implementation of programs and projects on primary health care, maternal and child care, and communicable and noncommunicable disease control services; 2. Health services which access to secondary and tertiary health services; 3. Purchase of medicines, medical supplies, and equipment needed to carry out the services 4. Social welfare services which include programs and projects on child and youth welfare, family and community welfare, women's welfare, welfare of the elderly and disabled persons;
21. <ul><li>On Environmental Management: </li></ul><ul><li>Solid waste disposal system; </li></ul><ul><li>2. Services or facilities related to general hygiene and sanitation; </li></ul><ul><li>3. Implementation of community-based forestry projects which include integrated social forestry programs and similar projects; </li></ul><ul><li>4. Management and control of communal forests; </li></ul>
22. <ul><li>On Agriculture: </li></ul><ul><li>Inter -Barangay irrigation system; </li></ul><ul><li>2. Water and soil resource utilization and conservation projects; </li></ul><ul><li>3. Enforcement of fishery laws in municipal waters including the conservation of mangroves; </li></ul>
23. <ul><li>On Infrastructure: </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance and Rehabilitation of the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a. roads and bridges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b. school buildings and other facilities for public </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>elementary and secondary schools; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c. clinics, health centers and other health facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>d. small water impounding projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e. fish ports; artesian wells, spring development, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>rainwater collectors and water supply systems; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>f. seawalls, dikes, drainage and sewerage, and flood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>control; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>g. traffic signals and road signs; and similar facilities; </li></ul></ul>
24. <ul><li>On Tourism: </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism facilities and other tourist </li></ul><ul><li>attractions; </li></ul><ul><li>2. Acquisition of equipment; </li></ul><ul><li>3. Regulation and supervision of </li></ul><ul><li>business concessions; and </li></ul><ul><li>4. Security services for such facilities </li></ul>
25. <ul><li>Devolved Regulatory Functions </li></ul><ul><li>Inspection of food products such as </li></ul><ul><li>meat, fruits, poultry, milk, fish, vegetables and other foodstuffs </li></ul><ul><li>Adoption of quarantine regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Enforcement of the National Building Code </li></ul><ul><li>Regulations of tricycle operations </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation of the real estate trade </li></ul><ul><li>Licensing of cockpits </li></ul><ul><li>B. It granted the local government units the power to develop their own organizational structure staffing pattern and appoint officials wholly paid by the local governments ; </li></ul>
26. Sec. 447. of LGC of 1991 Powers, Duties, Functions and Compensation. – a. The Sangguniang Bayan, as the legislative body of the municipality, shall enact ordinances, approve resolutions and appropriate funds for the general welfare of the municipality and its inhabitants pursuant to section 16 of this Code and in the proper exercise of the corporate powers of the municipality as provided for under section 22 of this Code, and shall
27. (i) Review all ordinances approved by the Sangguniang Barangay and executive orders issued by the Punong Barangay to determine whether these are within the scope of the prescribed powers of the sanggunian and of the Punong Barangay; (vii) Subject to the provisions of this Code and pertinent laws, determine the powers and duties of officials and employees of the municipality; (viii) Determine the positions and the salaries, wages, allowances and other emoluments and benefits of officials and employees paid wholly or mainly from municipal funds and provide for expenditures necessary for the proper conduct of programs, projects, services, and activities of the municipal government;
28. DILG: 1992 The Government Planning Hierarchy NEDA Board RDC BDC CDC MDC PDC
29. The Local Government Code of 1991 provided the policy context for the emergence of entrepreneurial local governments by encouraging LGUs to enter into joint ventures and partnerships with the private sect6or such as build-operate-transfer arrangement and bond flotation.
30. Section 35 of the LGC of 1991 Linkages with People's and Non-Governmental Organizations. – Local Government units may enter into joint ventures and such other cooperative arrangements with people's and nongovernmental organizations to engage in the delivery of certain basic services, capability-building and livelihood projects, and to develop local enterprises designed to improve productivity and income, diversify agriculture, spur rural industrialization, promote ecological balance, and enhance the economic and social well-being of the people.
31. Section 34 of the LGC of 1991 Role of People's and Nongovernmental Organizations. – Local Government units shall promote the establishment and operation of people's and nongovernmental organizations to become active partners in the pursuit of local autonomy.
32. <ul><li>The Significant Provision of RA 7160 </li></ul><ul><li>(Local Government Code) </li></ul><ul><li>When the local government code of the Philippine was passed it was hailed as a giant step towards the increase of autonomy in the country (Cariño, 1998). </li></ul><ul><li>It is about the transfer of certain powers from national to local levels, increased the financial capacity of local government units, and give greater voice not only to local governments but to the people as well. </li></ul><ul><li>When Filipinos speak of devolution today they usually refer to the Code. </li></ul><ul><li>4. The essence of Devolution </li></ul>
33. <ul><li>5. The essence of Devolution </li></ul><ul><li>6. Democracy and Decentralization </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralization is the means </li></ul><ul><li>for increasing democratic strides. </li></ul><ul><li>Stresses the greater </li></ul><ul><li>effectiveness of service delivery through a </li></ul><ul><li>decentralized system. </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralized powers are </li></ul><ul><li>utilized for more effective management. </li></ul>The Significant Provision of RA 7160 (Local Government Code)
34. THE ISSUES/ CONCERNS (a) The inadequacy of the internal revenue shares of the local government units to meet the budgetary requirements of the devolved function, programs and projects; (b) The continued lack of budgetary support from the national government for the full implementation of devolved tertiary health services; (c) The interference of national government in personnel and fiscal management of eth local government units; (d) The need to further broaden the tax base of the local government units; and (e) The need to devolve more power functions and programs.
35. <ul><li>Issues and Problems in Decentralization </li></ul><ul><li>In the Phil decentralization is a strategy for development and democratization since the 1950s. This thrusts, however, have shifted over time. Decentralization in the past focused on deconcentration (administrative decentralization) </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralization during the late eighties up to the present focused on devolution or political decentralization. The government had stepped up its decentralization efforts by emphasizing devolution. </li></ul>
36. <ul><li>Issues and Problems in Decentralization </li></ul><ul><li>Under the LGC responsibility sharing and authority sharing, local governments were mandated to supplement or assist in the delivery of these functions. </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralization changes have been made to pursue development and democratization goals. </li></ul><ul><li>Privatization is another area of decentralization. It is a policy reform that disposes idle GOCCs. Its an economic and political benefit to national government. </li></ul>
37. <ul><li>Some of the Problems of Decentralization are: </li></ul><ul><li>Political dynasty (elite dominated politics) </li></ul><ul><li>It encourages corruption </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
38. RELEVANT PROVISIONS OF LOCAL GOVRNMENT CODE OF 1991 Comparative Study Tour on Local Government Administration and Management Development Academy of the Philippines, 2006 Reference: