THE IMPLEMENTATION OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN PROTECTION DESK PROGRAM AND SERVICES IN CORDILLERA ADMINISTRATIVE REGION

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A Masteral Thesis MDM major in Public Management PSU, Urdaneta City

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  • Hi mam, How can I contact po the researcher of the study, my undergrad thesis is about VAWC-Battered women, i would like to pursue my study in higher level as I deal with my master thesis po. Can I have an access to the researcher, please?
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THE IMPLEMENTATION OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN PROTECTION DESK PROGRAM AND SERVICES IN CORDILLERA ADMINISTRATIVE REGION

  1. 1. THE IMPLEMENTATION OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN PROTECTION DESK PROGRAM AND SERVICES IN CORDILLERA ADMINITRATIVE REGION __________________________ A Proposal Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School Pangasinan State University Urdaneta City, Pangasinan __________________________ In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master in Development Management major in Public Management _________________________ by Mely Rita Anamong -Davis February 2010
  2. 2. APPROVAL SHEET In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master in DevelopmentManagement, major in Public Management, this thesis entitled, “THEIMPLEMENTATION OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN PROTECTION DESKPROGRAM AND SERVICES IN CORDILLERA ADMINITRATIVE REGION”has been prepared and submitted by Mely Rita Anamong - Davis, is hereby approved andaccepted. LETICIA B. URSUA, Ed. D. JOSEFINA B. BITONIO, D.P.A. Critic Reader Adviser Approved by the Committee on Oral Examination ZENAIDA U. SUYAT, Ed. D. ChairmanMELITON G. DASSUN, M.D.M. FLORITA G. LOPEZ, Ed. D. Member Member Accepted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Master inDevelopment Management major in Public Management.ZENAIDA U. SUYAT, Ed.D. VICTORIANO C. ESTIRA, Ph.D. Dean President ii
  3. 3. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT With profound thanks and gratitude, the researcher acknowledges the assistanceof those who in one way or another contributed to the completion of this study. DR. ZENAIDA U. SUYAT, Dean Gradute School, Pangasinan State University;for being the Chairman of her panel and for moderating intelligently, diplomatically andsmoothly which served as inspiration to the researcher to do better; DR. JOSEFINA B. BITONIO, her adviser and at the same time the MDMProgram Adviser, for her full support and understanding and for gladly sharing her timeand expertise to whom she owes a debt of gratitude beyond measure; PROF MELITON G. DASSUN, his challenging encouragement that kept heraflame to finish this study; DR. FLORITA G. LOPEZ, for her patience, guidance and valuablesuggestions; DR. LETICIA B. URSUA, her critique reader, who helped improved thequality and relevance of her study; MDM classmates for their for their support and warm friendship that played arole in this undertaking; PDEA staff that helped in gathering data and for their love and moral support; DSWD and PNP staff who gave their support in providing data needed in thisstudy and their cooperation during the conduct of the study; iii
  4. 4. Her beloved family for their full support, understanding, patience and endlessencouragement; Above all, her deep thanks and gratitude to the God almighty for givingher strength, and determination to pursue this study. Mely Rita Anamong -Davis iv
  5. 5. DEDICATION This humble piece of work is dedicated to the women police for their courageousand honorable act in protecting and handling of cases committed against women and children in the Philippines Mely v
  6. 6. ABSTRACTResearcher: Mely Rita Anamong -DavisDegree / Specialization: Master in Development Management, Public ManagementResearch Title: The Implementation of the Women and Children Protection Desk Programs and Services in Cordillera Administrative RegionAdviser: Josefina B. Bitonio, D.P.A.Institution: Pangasinan State University Graduate SchoolAddress: Urdaneta City, Pangasinan The study employed the descriptive design in assessing the implementation ofthe Women and Children Protection Desk programs and services in CordilleraAdministrative Region. There were 50 respondents consisting of police officers incharge for WCPD and social workers of the municipality/provincial/city of theDepartment of Social Welfare and Development in the Cordillera Administrative.Questionnaire checklist was used in data gathering. Based on the data gathered, thefollowing are the salient findings. The findings are summarized in the order of which theproblems are raised and hypothesis posed in this study. ORGANIZATIONAL PROFILE OF THE WOMEN AND CHILDRED PROTECTION DESKS (WCPD) IN THE CORDILLERAM ADMINBISTRATIVE REGION Location. Data shows that 11 WCPD (45.83%) are found in Baguio City while 13offices (54.17%) are located in the province of Benguet. Date Established. Three vi
  7. 7. (14.28%) offices were established between 1999–present while 21 ( 85.72%) officeswere created during the period 1993–1998. Number of Employees. A total of 23offices (95.83%) have employees of 1 to 10. Only one (1) have 11 and aboveemployees. Facilities. The facilities are categorized into three aspects: the building ,equipment and vehicles. One office has a building of its own, 23 (95.83%) have officesthat are attached to PNP stations. Three offices (14.28%) have their own computers andtype writers and 21 (85.72%) are sharing the use of equipments. One (4.17%) officeowned a vehicle and 23 (95.83%) offices are without vehicle of their own. CRIMES AGAINST WOMEN AND CHILDREN ASSISTED BY THE WCPD. Anti-violence against women and their children ( RA 9262). Physical violenceranks 1st with a frequency of 47, sexual abuse ranks 2nd with frequency of 28,economic abused ranks 3rd with 27 and psychological violence ranks the 4th with 24. The Anti-Rape Law of 1997 (RA 8353). Sexual Assault ranked number 1st with afrequency of 33 as crime committed under this law while with carnal knowledge followswith 31, ranks, 2nd. Cases Under Revised Penal code (RPC). Crime on physical injuries is apparentranked number 1st with a frequency of 45 followed by acts of lasciviousness with 36,ranks 2nd . Anti-Child Abuse Law (RA 7610). Sexual abuse committed against children isleading with a frequency of 25 while physical abuse comes next with 11. vii
  8. 8. Children in Conflict with the Law (RA 9344). The crime of theft ranked number1 with a frequency of 47, physical injuries as second with 39, rape ranked number 3 with18, robbery follows with 16 and curfew for minors ranked last with 16. LEADERSHIP CAPABILITY OF OFFICERS ASSIGNED TO PROTECT THE RIGHTS OF THE WOMEN AND CHILDREN On Administrative. All the items or indicators that were rated “verysatisfactory” as follows: handling cases involving women and children violence (4.12);managing people (4.00); handling cases of CICL (3.98); gender sensitivity awareness(3.92); and handling a number of personnel (3.22). The overall weighted mean is 3.85interpreted as “very satisfactory”. On Managerial. All indicators on managerial aspects were rated “verysatisfactory” along the following: knowledge on the organizational goals was rated thehighest (4.04); gets along and very effective in dealing with the public (3.96); manifestexperienced in handling cases of VAWC (3.92); making decisions (3.88); and sensitivityto the needs of the followers (3.80). The overall weighted mean is 3.92 interpreted asvery satisfactory. On Technical. All indicators in technical leadership capability were rated verysatisfactory on the following: sensitivity in dealing with rape victims (3.98);development of proper coordination with agency (3.96); dealing with victims (3.84);development of well-learned procedures in investigation (3.82); and proper handling ofevidences (3.80). The overall weighted mean is 3.88 interpreted as very satisfactory. viii
  9. 9. On Financial. All the indicators in financial matters have a rating of verysatisfactory along: traveling had the highest mean rating of (3.53), sufficientmaterials/production of information leaflets on VAWC (3.35), supplies and materialsavailable in the office (3.31); provision of sufficient equipment and facilities in dealingwith VAWC cases (3.29); and adequate provision of physical facilities (3.22). The overallweighted mean is 3.34. LEVEL OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SERVICES On Preventive Measure. There are four indicators which have a rating of“often” are: conduct seminars on the laws of women and children protection to thecommunity (3.73), dissemination of information on violence against women and theirchildren services (3.59) production and regular distribution of VAWC informationeducation and communication (3.57) and gender sensitivity awareness (3.53) while theindicator on the information drive on anti-trafficking (3.29) has a rating of “ sometimes”The overall weighted mean is 3.54 with a descriptive rating of “often”. On Investigation Services. The three indicators on investigatory services have arating of “always” are: availability of female police officers to receive complaints callsfor assistance in VAW cases(4.33), immediate attention given to victims with injurieseither by applying first aid or are rush to the nearest hospital’s emergency room (4.31)and giving priority in attending VAWC and trafficking cases (4.29) while two indicatorshave a rating of “often” along provision of telephone number, name of police officers tothe victim for follow-up (4.20) and WCPD is 24 hour operational to receive complaints ix
  10. 10. and assist anytime (4.12). The overall weighted mean is 4.25 with a descriptive ratingof “always”. On Arrest and Apprehension. The indicators that were rated “often” are:notifying victim on the release of the perpetrator from custody and the conditionsattached upon his release (4.02); when the perpetrator is not arrested, the reasons areexplained to the victim (4.02); the police officer arrests the perpetrator despite theclaim by the perpetrator that the victim provoked or perpetuated the violence (3.82);arresting the perpetrators despite the fact that the incident occurred in private place(3.78) ; and arrest of perpetrators despite the victim’s opposition to the arrest (3.63).The overall mean is 3.85 with a descriptive rating of “often”. Conduct of Interview and Investigation. All the indicators on the conduct ofinterview and investigations are rated “often”, specifically: The interview andinvestigation are conducted by a female officer (4.16), the victim is provided withinformation on the services available to her from government agencies and non-government organizations (4.14), the initial interview and in-depth investigation areconducted in a separate room with only one authorized person allowed inside (4.08),child victim interview and investigation is in the presence of a social worker (4.08), thevictim is provided with information on the legal rights and remedies available toher/him , especially the right to protection (4.06). The overall weighted mean is 4.10rated as “ often”. On Confidentiality of Police Blotter, Record and Reports. The Four indicatorswith a descriptive rating of “always” are: medico legal examination results and other x
  11. 11. pieces of evidence are packaged and labeled as confidential and stored in a designatedevidence room (4.29); Maintaining of a separate logbook for VAWC incident is alwaysimplemented also with confidentiality (4.27); and access to VAWC logbook is limited toWCPD personnel (4.25) and on spot and progress reports on all VAWC and case foldersare secured in a locked cabinet (4.23) while one indicator which state that case folderssecured in a locked cabinet has a mean of 4.18 with a descriptive rating of “often”. Theoverall weighted mean is 4.25 with a descriptive rating of “always”. On Investigatory Services Rendered to CICL. All the indicators on servicesrendered on initial contact with CICL have a descriptive rating of “always”. Theseindicators are the police officers explain to CICL the offense committed (4.39), reasonsfor apprehending and likewise the constitutional rights of the offender (4.35), theapprehending officers identify themselves to the CICL (4.31), bringing the offender toappropriate medical officer (4.31) and always render the service of not handcuffing orenforce any instrument to CICL (4.29). The overall mean is 4.33 with a descriptive ratingof “always”. On the Initial Investigation of Children in Conflict with the Law Services. All theitemized services rendered on the initial investigation of children in conflict with the lawhave a descriptive rating of “always” as follows: making child comfortable during theinitial investigation (4.37); respectful manner of questioning (4.35); considering the bestinterest of the CICL (4.33); bringing in only the right person in a private room (4.27);and releasing CICL when found by the LSWDO that the child acted without discernment(4.25). The overall weighted mean is 4.32 interpreted as “always”. xi
  12. 12. DIFFERENCES IN THE LEVEL OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SERVICES ACROSS LEADERSHIP CAPABILITY Preventive Measures across Administrative Leadership Capability. There is asignificant difference in the implementation of preventive measures and theadministration leadership capability of the police officers along: violence againstwomen and children program and gender sensitivity . Preventive Measures across Managerial Leadership Capability. There aresignificant differences in the level of implementation of preventive measures across themanagerial capability of the police officers. More specifically on the implementation ofviolence against women and children program; gender sensitivity; and campaign onanti-trafficking Preventive Measures across Technical Leadership Capability. There aresignificant difference in the implementation of preventive measures on gendersensitivity and campaign on anti-trafficking. Investigatory Services Across Administrative Leadership Capability . There aresignificant differences in the implementation of the investigatory services on theimmediate attention given to victims with injuries; giving priority for VAWC andtrafficking cases; and accessibility of WCPD to received complaints and call forassistance anytime . Arrest and Apprehension Services Across Administrative LeadershipCapabilities. Significant differences exist in the level of implementation of the arrestand apprehension services along the release of perpetrators from custody of the xii
  13. 13. officers, the arrest of perpetrators despite victim’s opposition across administrativeleadership capability. Conduct of Interview and Investigation Across Administrative LeadershipCapability. The provision of important information to the victim regarding his legalrights and other privileges showed significant difference with administrative capabilitiesof the officers. Confidentiality across Administrative Leadership Capability. The services onsecurity of case folders related to the confidentiality of police blotter, records andreports showed significant difference across the administrative leadership capability ofthe officers. Investigatory Service Across Administrative Leadership Capability. There aresignificant differences in the implementation of the services on explaining to the CICLshis/her offense and inform of his constitutional rights and on the case of nothandcuffing the CICL across the administrative leadership capability of the policeofficers. On Initial Investigation across Administrative Leadership Capability. There is asignificant difference in the implementation of initial investigation and theadministration leadership capability of the police officers along CICL found by theLSWDO to have acted without discernment. On Initial Investigation across Managerial Leadership Capability. There aresignificant differences in the level of implementation on initial investigation across themanagerial capability of the police officers. More specifically on the implementation of xiii
  14. 14. making the child comfortable after his arrest ; consider the best interest of the child ;the manner of questioning of questioning should be respectful and non-threatening;and when the CICL is found by the LSWDO to have acted with discernment. On Initial Investigation across Technical Leadership Capability. There issignificant difference in the implementation of initial investigation to CICL on makinghim comfortable to best allow the CICL to tell the truth ; bringing the right people ;consider the best interest of the child; and the manner of questioning should berespectful and non threatening. On Physical Facilities. It was noted on the findings that respondent answeredthis problem as seldom, meaning it is not a burden on their part as they can serve theirclients properly. On Personnel. Officers in charge of investigation of VAWC cases are welltrained and properly deployed in order to meet the needs of their clients. Rated asseldom a problem. On Interview and Investigation Process. Officers of this desk does not have aproblem, thus, they carry out their functions meeting the needs of their clients withoutnecessary problems encountered. On Survivors/Victims Behavior. It was noted that moderately serious were oninvestigation on crimes against women; the suspect is forgiven by the victim,victim/survivor are afraid to file a case against the suspect, desistance to filed a caseagainst the suspect and non-cooperation of witness/es to testify. xiv
  15. 15. On Referral Activity. The moderately serious is the slow medico-legalexamination of victims It is also the concern of this research paper to determine thedifference in the level of implementation of the services of the WCPD officers acrossthe officers’ leadership capability. The succeeding table presents the data for this part. PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED IN THE INVESTIGATION OF CRIMES AGAINST WOMEN AND CHILDREN To have a good result of investigation and the protection of victims of violence,the Women and Children Protection Desk (WCPD) should have a well built andequipped facilities. The study would like to know the problems encountered by police officers indealing with victims of violence. On Physical Facilities. The indicator on inadequacy of computers and a directtelephone line, no separate room purposely for the investigation of VAWC victims andno play area for minor victims was rated with an average weighted mean of 2.90; 2.88,2.69, respectively are described as “moderately serious problem” while insufficientfiling cabinet and record room has a mean of 2.59 and no separate comfort room forwomen victim has a means of 2.59 interpreted as “least serious”. On the whole, itcould be seen that WCPD officers has “moderately serious problem” (2.73) on physicalfacilities. On personnel. All personnel matters are rated “moderately serious”. Theoverall average weighted mean is 2.83 with a descriptive rating of “moderately serious”. xv
  16. 16. On Interview and Investigation Process. The three indicator with a rating of“moderately serious” are: conduct of interview and investigation to victims of violenceis 2.86; the victim is not provided with information on the legal rights and remediesavailable to her, especially the right to protection order RA 9262 (2.80), and inadequateinformation on the legal rights and remedies available to victim (2.75) while interviewand Investigations are not conducted by female officers (2.61) and initial interview andin dept investigation is not done in a separate room (2.57) interpreted as least seriousproblem. The overall mean is (2.72) interpreted as “moderately serious” problem onthe services conduct of interview and investigation to victims of violence. On Survivors/Victim. One indicator on victim retracting his/her statement andnon-appearance in court was given a rating of 3.47 which is categorized as “muchserious” while the remaining indicators such as: victim is suffering from trauma (3.39)and non cooperation of child’s parent/guardian (3.39) ; victim cannot identify his/herabuser (3.27) and child is not afraid to disclose abuses (3.22) were rated as “moderatelyserious” problem. The overall mean is 3.35 interpreted as moderately serious problem. On Investigation on Crimes Against Women. The four indicators have a ratingof “much serious” are: suspect is forgiven by the complainant has a mean of 3.61;victim/s are afraid to file a case (3.51); desistance to file caseagainst the suspect (3.45) and non cooperation of witness/es to testify (3.43). Theoverall mean is 3.46 interpreted as much serious.On Referral Activity. One indicator, slow medico-legal examination of victims has arating of “much serious” with a mean of 3.43. All the rest were interpreted as xvi
  17. 17. moderately serious problems such as: slow evaluation of the appropriate psychiatric andpsychological status of the victim (3.35), slow psychosocial intervention (3.31) slowexamination of collected pieces of evidence (3.16) and officer in charge (2.80) was alsorated least serious. The overall rating is 3.21 interpreted as moderately serious. CONCLUSIONS Based from the findings of this study, the following conclusions have beenarrived at: 1. The Philippine National Police established the creation of the Women Desk toattain cases of Violence against women and children in 1995. Majority of the WCPDoffices are established in the province of Benguet while the City of Baguio has a greaternumber of women’s’ desk investigators 2. The common crimes attended by WCPD officers are physical violence, sexualassault, physical injuries, sexual abuse and theft. 3. The leadership capability of the WCPD found out to be proficient in the fouraspects : Administrative, Managerial, Technical and Financial, the WCPD is very muchrecognize and empowered to be more successful on their services. 4. The WCPD services to protect the rights of the women and children areimplemented “often” to the clients. 5. The significant implementation of the services on some areas of the indicatordiffers from the leadership capability of the WCPD officers. 6. The moderately serious problems on the part of investigation on crimesagainst women are the suspect is forgiven by the victim, victim/survivor are afraid to xvii
  18. 18. file a case against the suspect, desistance to file a case against the suspect and non-cooperation of witness/es to testify. On referral activity, the moderately serious is theslow medico-legal examination of victims. RECOMMENDATIONS In the light of the foregoing results and conclusions, the followingrecommendations are presented: 1. Continuous support and upgrading of the WCPD organization should be madeto meet the real purpose and aim of the office to protect the rights of every women andchildren against violence. 2. Thorough counseling of the victim by social workers to avoid retraction ofstatement. 3. Improvement of linkages with other government agencies and nongovernment organization, particularly the partner agencies involved in violence againstwomen and children in order to satisfy the needs of the victims . Referral activityparticularly on medico-legal examination of victims must be addressed so that thesuffering of victims will not prolong. 4. To attain the purpose of bringing to an end the suffering experienced byvictims of violence in a very long procedure conducting both by police officers and socialworkers, a concerted effort must be done by all implementers: police officers, socialworkers, doctors, and prosecutors to stop violence, to really put-up a one-stop-center. xviii
  19. 19. 5. Finally, for those who still doubt of the average ratings, a separate studyinvolving the target respondents of investigators and social workers should be pursuedin the future to confirm or deny the results of this study. xix

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