Moral Recovery Program of the Philippine National Police


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A Masteral Thesis, MDM major in Public Management March 2010
PSU Urdaneta City

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Moral Recovery Program of the Philippine National Police

  1. 1. MORAL RECOVERY PROGRAM OF THE PHILIPPINE NATIONAL POLICE (PNP) PERSONNEL IN EASTERN PANGASINAN ____________________________________ A Thesis Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School Pangasinan State University Urdaneta City, Pangasinan __________________________________ In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master in Development Management major in Public Management ____________________________________ by Augusto A. Kho March, 2010
  2. 2. APPROVAL SHEET In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master in DevelopmentManagement, major in Public Management, this thesis entitled, “MORAL RECOVERYPROGRAM OF THE PHILIPPINE NATIONAL POLICE (PNP) PERSONNEL INEASTERN PANGASINAN has been prepared and submitted by AUGUSTO A. KHO,is hereby approved and accepted.DOMINGO M.CABARTEJA, Ed. D. JOSEFINA B. BITONIO, D.P.A. Critic Reader Adviser Approved by the Committee on Oral Examination ZENAIDA U. SUYAT, Ed. D. ChairmanMELITON G. DASSUN, M.D.M. FLORITA G. LOPEZ, Ed. D. Member Member Accepted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Master inDevelopment Management major in Public Management.ZENAIDA U. SUYAT, Ed.D. VICTORIANO C. ESTIRA, Ph.D. Dean President ii
  3. 3. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT With profound thanks and gratitude, the researcher acknowledges the following: Prof. Edwin B.R. Gbargaye for his enormous research input. Dr. Josefina B. Bitonio, DPA for her unrelenting support, forcefulencouragement and brilliant ideas; Zenaida U. Suyat, Ed. D., Dean, Graduate School, PSU-Urdaneta for constantlyprodding me to work on this research; The members of my panel Domingo M. Cabarteja, Ed.D., Prof. Meliton G.Dassun, and Dr Florita G. Lopez, for their valuable comments and suggestions, PS/SUPT Rosueto V. Ricaforte, the very supportive Provincial Director of thePhilippine Natinal Police (PNP), Province of Pangasinan, who contributed immenselyfor the realization of the study and the concerted, efficient efforts and coordination of allPNP Chiefs in the entire Eastern Pangasinan, without them this study would not bepossible; The members of our church, Christ the Living Fellowship (CLSF) for theirearnest prayers and support; To my wife, Nelids for stretching my faith to the fullest and most especially, theAlmighty God through Christ Jesus, who has given me a greater vision in life more thanthis world can offer, to Him I am truly most indebted. Augusto A. Kho iii
  4. 4. DEDICATION To the men-in-uniform who remained untarnished, whose service is for the people, by the people, to God and to the country. To my beloved nation, Philippines awaiting for the salvation of the Almighty God through Christ. To my Lord and Saviour Jesus,the very source of my profound love for this nation. My dearest wife, Nelids and son, Isaac the very purpose of my earthly ministry. A.A.K iv
  5. 5. ABSTRACTResearcher: Augusto A. KhoDegree / Specialization: Master in Development Management, Public ManagementResearch Title: Moral Values of the Philippine National Police Personnel in Eastern PangasinanAdviser: Josefina B. Bitonio, D.P.A.Institution: Pangasinan State University Graduate SchoolAddress: Urdaneta City, Pangasinan The study assessed the moral values of the Philippine National Police personnel inEastern Pangasinan. It also determined the personal attributes of the PNP personnel, themoral values application, and tested the hypothesis on the difference in the moral valuesacross personal attributes. Based from the findings of the study, the researcher proposedintervention mechanisms to sustain the moral values of the PNP. The study used the descriptive-evaluative research design. The major instrumentused was a questionnaire. The content validity of the instruments was computed andestablished. Said questionnaire was pilot tested to a few PNP personnel of Dagupan City.The hypotheses of the study was tested using the t-test in the case of two groups forindependent sample and difference while in the case of three groups or more theAnalysis of variance (ANOVA) was used at .05 level of significance. Personal Attributes. The average age of PNP personnel is 34.5 years of age.The youngest is 19 years old while the oldest is 50 years old. Noticeably the PNP aremale dominated personnel. As to marital status the PNP personnel are mostly married v
  6. 6. followed by single personnel. The Police Officer 1(Private First Class), Police Officer II(Corporal), Police Officer III (Sergeant) Rank is mostly the predominant rank in the PNPorganizational structure. The greater number of PNP personnel have rendered l year andbelow years of service. Most of the PNP personnel have finished their Bachelor Degreein Criminology. Almost all PNP personnel are Roman Catholic. The Moral Values of the PNP. The PNP personnel rated maka-Diyos valueswith a descriptive value of “Highly God Centered”, maka-tao values with a descriptiverating of “ Highly Humane”, maka-bayan values with a descriptive rating of “Highly ProCountry”, maka-kalikasan values with a descriptive rating of “Highly Pro Environment.On the professional values, all the variables were rated as: “Highly.Professional” forprofessionalism, “Highly Competent” for competence, “Highly Disciplined” fordiscipline and “Highly Trustworthy” for trustworthiness. Difference in the Moral values across Personal Attributes. The moral values ofthe PNP across the personal attributes is similar. Based on the findings of the study, the following conclusions are arrived at: 1. The PNP personnel in Eastern Pangasinan are newly recruits, young, married, male dominated educated and many occupying lower rank.. 2. The PNP personnel manifested the following: “Highly God Centered” for maka-Diyos, “ Highly Humane” for maka-tao, “Highly Pro Country” for maka-bayan, Highly Pro Environment” for maka-kalikasan, and professional values: “Highly.Professional” for professionalism, “Highly Competent” for competence, “Highly Disciplined” for discipline and “Highly Trustworthy” for trustworthiness. vi
  7. 7. On the basis of the foregoing findings and conclusions, the followingrecommendations are forwarded: 1. The police service is a noble profession which demands from its member’sspecialized knowledge and skills, as well as high standards of ethics and morality. Hence,the members of the PNP must sustain their high standard of moral values manifested inthe study. 2. Replication of the study is also recommended using two groups of respondentthe PNP themselves and the community. The future research should focus on PNP areasof weaknesses and not on their strengths. The researcher should utilize qualitativemethods or approaches, such as life history interviews, that will explore the dynamism ofthe moral values process. Life history interviews provide rich data that otherwise will notbe obtained if the more quantitative methods of research (e.g., survey) of study are used.A phenomenological method of study also brings the respondents to life by revealingtheir thoughts, feelings, aspirations and values. 3. The PNP is a socio-political institution with enormous problems especially inits operations and service delivery to the community and the public at large. All may notbe too well within the organization especially amongst its personnel there are vices thatcould hinder the smooth operations so the study disclose any vicious activity andunwholesome acts on the part of the personnel this is incomprehensible and need to befurther conducted using a different approach method as indicated above, and finally, 4. To sustain the MRP, .the intervention measures proposed in this study beforwarded to the PNP for their adoption. vii
  8. 8. viii