Objectives <ul><li>List and describe the classic functions of managers – planning, organizing, staffing, directing, and co...
Module I <ul><li>Management Functions </li></ul><ul><li>Management Levels </li></ul><ul><li>Information System </li></ul><...
<ul><li>High level (strategic) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Long-range view </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul></ul>
<ul><li>Middle level (tactical) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carry out the plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assemble the mater...
<ul><li>Low level (operational) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supervisor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Directing and controlling </li...
Management Functions <ul><li>Get the job done on time </li></ul><ul><li>Within budget </li></ul><ul><li>Satisfactorily </l...
MIS Management Information System <ul><li>Why Do People Need Information? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision making, problem s...
Data, Information, and Systems <ul><li>Data vs. Information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A “g...
Data, Information, and Systems <ul><li>Generating Information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer-based IS  take data as raw ma...
Data, Information,  and Systems <ul><li>The Four Stages of Data Processing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Input: Data is collected ...
Information in Context Data, Information, and Systems relevant complete accurate current economical
Data, Information, and Systems <ul><li>Information in Context </li></ul>Figure 1.2 Characteristics  of useful information
Data, Information, and Systems <ul><li>Information and Managers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Systems thinking </li></ul></ul><ul>...
Data, Information, and Systems Figure 1.6  Components of an information system
Ethical and Societal Issues The Not-So-Bright Side   <ul><li>Freedom of Speech </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IT increases opportun...
www.csus.edu/indiv/e/eatonr/mis http://www.drawpack.com  http:// www.drawpack.com
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Management Information System

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Transcript of "Management Information System"

  1. 2. Objectives <ul><li>List and describe the classic functions of managers – planning, organizing, staffing, directing, and controlling </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the purpose and components of a management information system (MIS) </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how ICT Projects for Development </li></ul>
  2. 3. Module I <ul><li>Management Functions </li></ul><ul><li>Management Levels </li></ul><ul><li>Information System </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Computer Management </li></ul><ul><li>MIS Leads into the Future </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>High level (strategic) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Long-range view </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Middle level (tactical) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carry out the plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assemble the material </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organize and staff </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Low level (operational) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supervisor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Directing and controlling </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Management Functions <ul><li>Get the job done on time </li></ul><ul><li>Within budget </li></ul><ul><li>Satisfactorily </li></ul><ul><li>Using available resources </li></ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Devise short-range and long-range plans and set goals to help achieve the plans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Organizing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How to use resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Staffing </li></ul><ul><li>Directing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guiding employees to perform their work </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Controlling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitoring progress towards goals </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. MIS Management Information System <ul><li>Why Do People Need Information? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision making, problem solving and control </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Data, Information, and Systems <ul><li>Data vs. Information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A “given,” or fact; a number, a statement, or a picture </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Represents something in the real world </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The raw materials in the production of information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data that have meaning within a context </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data in relationships </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data after manipulation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Data, Information, and Systems <ul><li>Generating Information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer-based IS take data as raw material, process it, and produce information as output. </li></ul></ul>Figure 1.1 Input-process-output
  10. 11. Data, Information, and Systems <ul><li>The Four Stages of Data Processing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Input: Data is collected and entered into computer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data processing: Data is manipulated into information using mathematical, statistical, and other tools. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Output: Information is displayed or presented. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage: Data and information are maintained for later use. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Information in Context Data, Information, and Systems relevant complete accurate current economical
  12. 13. Data, Information, and Systems <ul><li>Information in Context </li></ul>Figure 1.2 Characteristics of useful information
  13. 14. Data, Information, and Systems <ul><li>Information and Managers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Systems thinking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Creates a framework for problem solving and decision making. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keeps managers focused on overall goals and operations of business. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Data, Information, and Systems Figure 1.6 Components of an information system
  15. 16. Ethical and Societal Issues The Not-So-Bright Side <ul><li>Freedom of Speech </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IT increases opportunities for pornography, hate speech, intellectual property crime, an d other intrusions; prevention may abridge free speech. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IT Professionalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No mandatory or enforced code of ethics for IT professionals--unlike other professions. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social Inequality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less than 20% of the world’s population have ever used a PC; less than 3% have Internet access. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. www.csus.edu/indiv/e/eatonr/mis http://www.drawpack.com http:// www.drawpack.com
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