Republic of the Philippines Pangasinan State University GRADUATE SCHOOL Urdaneta CityGLOBAL GREEN ECONOMY INDEX An Analytic Tool Measuring National Green Reputations & Performance By : Jeremy Tamanini Founder, Dual Citizen Inc. Federico C. Aquino Jr. Reporter ME 201- Strategic Mgt. of Engineering Enterprise
The 1st Global Green Economy Index A Project MeAsuring nAtionAl green rePutAtionsThe first-ever survey measuring by expert practitioner perceptions on the green reputations of 27 countries around the world was conducted by Dual Citizen Inc. last 2010.Respondents were pre-selected based on their known professional affiliation and were limited to one response to the full survey. Around one third of survey respondents were then contacted directly with follow-up questions.Jeremy TamaniniFounder, Dual Citizen Inc.
The report assesses national green leadership in the following 27 countries Argentina Japan Australia Mexico Brazil Netherlands Canada New Zealand China Norway Denmark South Africa Finland South Korea France Spain Germany Sweden Iceland Turkey India United Arab Emirates Israel United Kingdom Indonesia United States Italy
Four Areas with Large Impact on Defining National Green Reputations. 1. To what extent are nations and their leaders 2. From the perspective of a clean energy technology associated with green leadership on the international investment fund, which country presents the best stage? investment target over the next 10 years? 3. Which country has the most effective domestic policies 4. Which country shows the strongest commitment in place to foster the development of clean energy to promoting green tourism in country? technologies?
I. INTERNATIONAL LEADERSHIP28% 17% 13% 7% 6% 4% 3% 3% 3% 2%GERMANY DENMARK SWEDEN NORWAY NETHERLANDS BRAZIL ICELAND SPAIN JAPAN United kingdom Germany’s active role in both international climate diplomacy and more local clean tech innovation has produced dividends as survey respondents view Germany as demonstrating the strongest green leadership among the 27 countries surveyed. The research indicated that the United States, China, Israel and South Korea were nations under recognized for their green leadership.
II. CLEAN ENERGY INVESTMENT 31% 18% 14% 13% 4% UNITED CHINA STATES INDIA BRAZIL GERMANYChina’s centralized decision-making apparatus and its aggressive dedication ofstimulus funds and a feed-in tariff to the alternative energy sector make it the mostattractive investment target over the next ten years for a clean tech venture fund.The demands for energy from these countries are huge and growing while theinfrastructure is weak. This could be a perfect storm for clean tech investors.
III.DOMESTIC POLICY INCENTIVES 30% 16% 10% 8% 6% UNITED GERMANY DENMARK STATES CHINA SWEDENGermany once again leads other countries as having the right mix of policies in placeto foster the future development of clean energy technology.
IV.TOURISM 32% 10% 9% 6% 5% NEW ZEALAND AUSTRALIA BRAZIL GERMANY/NORWAY ICELAND New Zealand is the undisputed leader in the realm of promoting green tourism within its borders and an examination of the efforts of Tourism. New Zealand reveals that this result is no coincidence.Through advertising, an accreditation system, visitor feedback and internal focus onthe environment, New Zealand is the best practice case in promoting green tourism.
THE 2011 Global Green Economy Index The 2011 Global Green Economy Index (GGEI) is a comprehensive analytic tool offering stakeholders in the green economy a robust system to track, analyze and improve upon both the Perceptions and Performance of national green economies.Jeremy TamaniniFounder, Dual Citizen Inc.
The 2011 Global Green Economy Index includes 4 primary dimensions, 12 sub-categories1. LEADERSHIP- International Forums, Global Media Coverage, and National Institutions2. DOMESTIC POLICY – Clean Energy Policies, Renewable Targets, and Emission Trending3. CLEANTECH INVESTMENTS- Investment Volume, Sector Vitality, and Investment Facilitation.4. GREEN TOURISM – Ministry Evaluation, Accreditation and Competitiveness.
R E SU L T S I. INTERNATIONAL LEADERSHIPPercePtion PerForMAnce 1 GERMANY 1 NEW ZEALAND 2 SWEDEN 2 ICELAND 3 DENMARK 3 DENMARK 4 NORWAY 4 SOUTH AFRICA UNITED 5 NETHERLANDS 5 KINGDOM 6 UNITED KINGDOM 6 SWEDEN 7 CANADA 7 BRAZIL 8 NEW ZEALAND MEXICO 8 9 BRAZIL FINLAND 9 10 UNITED STATES 10 GERMANY
PERCEPTIONA block of northern European countries dominate the leadership category as judged byour expert survey as leaders and institutions in these nations continue to proactivelybrand themselves green.PERFORMANCEOur index confirms the leadership value to nations hosting the annual Conference of theParties (COP) summit (ie. Denmark, Mexico and South Africa) and the ability of smallergreen economies (ie. New Zealand and Iceland) to make a big impact on the global stage. Conferences of the Parties 1992:RIO DE JANIERO"UN Framework Convention on Climate Change" 2003: COP 9, Milan, Italy 1995: COP 1, The Berlin Mandate 2004: COP 10, Buenos Aires, Argentina 1996: COP 2, Geneva, Switzerland 2005: COP 11/MOP 1, Montreal, Canada 1997: COP 3, The Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change 2006: COP 12/MOP 2, Nairobi, Kenya 1998: COP 4, Buenos Aires, Argentina 2007: COP 13/MOP 3, Bali, Indonesia 1999: COP 5, Bonn, Germany 2008: COP 14/MOP 4, Poznań, Poland 2009: COP 15/MOP 5, Copenhagen, 2000: COP 6, The Hague, Netherlands Denmark 2001: COP 6, Bonn, Germany 2010: COP 16/MOP 6, Cancún, Mexico 2011: COP 17/MOP 7, Durban, South 2001: COP 7, Marrakech, Morocco Africa 2002: COP 8, New Delhi, India 2012: COP 18/MOP 8, Qatar
II. DOMESTIC POLICYPercePtion PerForMAnce GERMANY 1 NORWAY 1 DENMARK 2 ICELAND 2 3 SWEDEN 3 BRAZIL 4 CHINA 4 NEW ZEALAND 5 NETHERLANDS 5 SWEDEN 6 SPAIN 6 CANADA 7 NORWAY 7 FINLAND 8 UNITED STATES 8 DENMARK 9 ICELAND 9 GERMANY 10 UNITED KINGDOM 10 MEXICO
PERCEPTIONExperts continue to recognize northern European nations on the policydimension but highlight China’s merits and credit the United States with anoverall improvement, particularly at the state level.PERFORMANCENations with a high reliance on renewable energy sources today perform wellin our index, as do nations with concrete success at lowering their overall andper capita greenhouse gas emissions.GENERALOur expert survey reveals confidence that the world’s largest economies havethe right policies in place to promote renewable energy yet these same nationslack concrete improvements in lowering their GHG emissions.
List of Top 20 Countries estimatesWorld Top 10 CO2 Emissions - 2010Renewable ElectricityProducers Hydroelectricity,Wind Power, Biomass, Solar, Geothermal Country CO2 emissions (METRIC Rank Country TONNES) 1 European Union China 8,240,958 2 China United States 5,492,170 3 United States India 2,069,738 4 Brazil 5 Canada Russia 1,688,688 6 Russia Japan 1,138,432 7 India Germany 762,543 8 Norway Iran 574,667 9 Germany South Korea 563,126 10 Japan Canada 518,475 Saudi Arabia 493,726
III. CLEANTECH INVESTMENTPercePtion PerForMAnce 1 CHINA 1 DENMARK 2 UNITED STATES 2 GERMANY 3 GERMANY SWEDEN 3 4 BRAZIL 4 ISRAEL 5 INDIA 5 CANADA 6 JAPAN 6 NEW ZEALAND 7 CANADA 7 AUSTRALIA UNITED 8 KINGDOM 8 NORWAY 9 DENMARK 9 FINLAND 10 SWEDEN 10 UNITED STATES
PERCEPTIONLarge high-tech economies and their counterparts are judged by experts tobe the most attractive cleantech investment targets over the next ten years.PERFORMANCEHighly developed European economies dominate the top of our cleantechinvestment index because their cleantech sectors are relatively evolved, wellfinanced and linked to fast-growing international marketsGENERALCleantech markets are geographically nuanced and characterized by a widearray of financing mechanisms and differing levels of government investment.
IV.GREEN TOURISMPercePtion PerForMAnce 1 NEW ZEALAND 1 NEW ZEALAND 2 ICELAND 2 UNITED KINGDOM 3 AUSTRALIA 3 SOUTH AFRICA 4 CANADA 4 DENMARK 5 BRAZIL 5 SWEDEN 6 NORWAY 6 NETHERLANDS 7 GERMANY 7 GERMANY 8 SWEDEN 8 JAPAN 9 SOUTH AFRICA 9 ITALY 10 DENMARK 10 AUSTRALIA
PERCEPTION & PERFORMANCENew Zealand is again the global best practice case for promoting green tourism, afact receiving significant recognition from our experts and index alike.GENERALMost nations we cover have failed to formalize green tourism accreditationschemes, reinforcing the notion that green tourism is an abstract, hard to quantifyactivity.Opportunities exist to better integrate national tourism bodies andtransportation sectors for the purpose of furthering responsible tourismglobally.
GGEI SURVEY RESULTS 2010 AND 2011 2010 2011 PERCEPTIO PERFORMAN AREAS N CE1 LEADERSHIP GERMANY GERMANY NEW ZEALAND2 CLEANTECH INVESTMENTS CHINA CHINA DENMARK3 DOMESTIC POLICY GERMANY GERMANY NORWAY4 GREEN TOURISM NEW ZEALAND NEW ZEALAND NEW ZEALAND