FDM 204 and ME 204 Conceptual Framework


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ME 204 Industrial Research & Statistical Analysis
FDM 203 Methods of Social Research

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FDM 204 and ME 204 Conceptual Framework

  1. 1. Conceptual Frameworks
  2. 2. Identify a research idea Review related literature and do exploratory interviews Formulate an initial research problem The Research Process
  3. 3. : Finalize research problem Formulate research objectives/ hypotheses Establish conceptual framework Initial Phase:
  4. 4. Conceptual framework • It is a complete presentation of the variables to be observed in the current study. • It is the ideas defined in a way the researcher wants. • It is understood in the current research, the operationalization of the variables-concepts, the visible indicators or the variables-concepts, the scheme of measuring the variables. • It focuses on the specific stipulative and operational definition of concepts and variables with respect to the particular research problem
  5. 5. Philippine Statistics Authority http://www.nscb.gov.ph/poverty/portal_/conceptual.asp
  6. 6. AICPA Conceptual Framework Approach http://www.aicpa.org/interestareas/professionalethics/com munity/pages/aicpa-conceptual-framework.aspx
  7. 7. • Under the conceptual framework approach, users follow the following steps: • Step 1 Identify threats to compliance with the rules. If no threats, then proceed with service. If threats are identified, then must proceed to Step 2. • Step 2 Evaluate the significance of the threats to determine whether the threats are at an acceptable level. If threats are at an acceptable level, then proceed with service. If threats are not at an acceptable level, then must proceed to Step 3. • Step 3 Identify safeguards that can be applied. Safeguards can be existing safeguards or new safeguards. • Step 4 Evaluate the safeguards to determine if they eliminate or reduce threats to an acceptable level. Where you conclude that threats are at an acceptable level after applying safeguards, proceed with service. In some cases, an identified threat may be so significant that no safeguards will eliminate it or reduce it to an acceptable level, or you may be unable to implement effective safeguards. Under such circumstances, providing the specific professional services would compromise your compliance with the rules, and you would need to determine whether to decline or discontinue the professional services or resign from the engagement AICPA Conceptual Framework Approach
  8. 8. By: Anthony M. Wanjohi http://www.kenpro.org/tag/sample-conceptual-framework/
  9. 9. The effects of employee competencies and IT applications on operations strategy: an empirical study of retail firms in China Wantao Yu (Senior Lecturer in Operations Management at the School of Applied Management & Law, Buckinghamshire New University, High Wycombe, UK), Ramakrishnan Ramanathan, (Professor at Nottingham University Business School, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK)
  10. 10. http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/J MRCS/2011/440964/440964.html
  11. 11. Uchenna Cyril Eze, (School of Business, Monash University, Sunway, Malaysia), Gerald Guan Gan Goh, (Faculty of Business, Multimedia University, Melaka, Malaysia), Choon Yih Goh, (Faculty of Business, Multimedia University, Melaka, Malaysia), Tiong Ling Tan, (Faculty of Business, Multimedia University, Melaka, Malaysia) Perspectives of SMEs on knowledge sharing
  12. 12. An Input-Process-Output Structural Framework for Evaluating Web-based Instruction Chong Ho Yu, Ph.D
  13. 13. Concept of teacher effectiveness by Raj Parihar in Nursing, Nursing Education
  14. 14. Prof. Phil Koopman
  15. 15. Jung-Lang Cheng, (Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Cheng-Shiu University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan) Implementing Six Sigma via TQM improvement: an empirical study in Taiwan
  16. 16. Conceptual Designs for MME