Better Governance of Government Programs


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PA 102 Project Development and Project Management

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Better Governance of Government Programs

  1. 1. Unit E. Management of Government Projects, and Portfolios<br />12 hours<br />Prof. Jo B. Bitonio<br />Project Development and Program Management <br />PA 102<br />
  2. 2. Enabling Objectives<br /><ul><li> To know the definition, concepts of governance
  3. 3. To have a deeper understanding of problems affecting </li></ul> countries in the world<br /><ul><li> Gain insight on how government managing programs
  4. 4. To learn determinants of success/failure in </li></ul> government projects/programs<br />PA 102<br />
  5. 5. Table 1. Phases in the Evolution of Public Administration<br />Phase Indicative Period<br />A. Traditional / Classical Public Administration 1800s <br /> to 1950s<br />B. Modern Public Administration<br />Development Administration (1950s to 1960s)<br />New Public Administration (1970s)<br />New Public Management (1980s to 1990s)<br />Reinventing Government (1990s)<br />PA as Governance (1990s to the present)<br />to the present<br />PA 102<br />
  6. 6. Topics:<br />PA 102<br />
  7. 7. Better Governance<br />Conventional or classic public administration sought to only answer inquiries on efficiency and effectiveness like:<br />How can the government offer better services with available resources (efficiency)?<br />How can we maintain our level of services while spending less money (economy)?<br />PA 102<br />
  8. 8. Better Governance<br />How can Governments transform themselves to become more customer responsive?<br />How can Government become resource efficient?<br />PA 102<br />
  9. 9. How does it begin rebuilding its institutions from the ground up? <br />How does it harness the energies of people power to provide jobs, food, education, health, and other vital services?<br />PA 102<br />
  10. 10. Better Governance<br />For whom is PA?<br />How do we transform into a new and better government?<br />PA 102<br />
  11. 11. Earlier this year, a strong “wind of change” is blowing across the Middle East.<br />Unrest Hit Libya<br />PA 102<br />
  12. 12. Tunisia to Egypt and now to Bahrain,<br />Egyptian People Power<br /> Revolution in 2011<br />PA 102<br />
  13. 13. In parts of Europe, people have also flocked to the streets to demand decisive action from their governments to deal more fairly with the problems arising from slower economic growth and crushing public sector debt<br />Unrest continues to spread across Europe... from Greece to Spain to London, and now in Italy, anger is boiling over and people aren't afraid to show it<br />PA 102<br />
  14. 14. Even here in America, grassroots movements have formed to call their leaders’ attention to the growing disparity between the wealthy and the middle class.<br />People are fed up with politicians paying off Debt with MORE debt<br />PA 102<br />
  15. 15. In North Africa, people took to the streets in droves, risking their very lives, to call for the removal of leaders who could no longer respond to their needs and aspirations<br />From Tunisia to Egypt, Algeria to Morocco, the civil unrest has brought to the world attention that not only the majority are denied their rights in these Arab dominated nations, but also the rights of the indigenous people who are hardly represented in the governments.<br />PA 102<br />
  16. 16. one thing is clear: people all over the world today share an increasing desire to speak, to be heard, and to be part of the molding of their respective futures. The specifics vary from region to region, but the broad demands are similar: a more equitable society and a government that strives toward it.<br />PA 102<br />
  17. 17. “People Power.” And each time I see it manifest in any part of the world— concerned individuals assembling and voicing out their respective convictions, I am filled with optimism about our capacity as human beings united under a single cause, armed not with rifles but with a collective desire for better governance<br />PA 102<br />
  18. 18. <ul><li> the term “governance” has been used to refer mostly to “government,” when correctly used, “governance” really goes beyond government.
  19. 19. It involves the institutionalization</li></ul>of a system through which citizens, institutions, organizations, and groups in a society articulate their interests, exercise their rights, and mediate their differences in pursuit of the collective good. (ADB 1995 as cited in ADB 2005: 1)<br />PA 102<br />
  20. 20. Good Governance means, there is good Economics<br />Percolate Socioeconomic development to a greater majority<br />Any gains that will be reaped from this growth are then channeled into vital social services such as those in education, health, and, more importantly, poverty alleviation. <br />The strengthening of institutions levels the playing field and provides for an environment conducive to economic growth. <br />begins with cleaning up government: instituting a culture of transparency and accountability—at the bottom line, a culture of trust in government. <br />PA 102<br />
  21. 21. Good governance is at the center of my administration’s socioeconomic strategy, and the people are at the center of good governance. Their vigilance, their constant and adamant participation in public discourse, the strength they lend my administration as we dismantle the many obstacles put up by the enemies of reform—these, ultimately, are what fuels us on the straight and righteous path toward equitable progress<br />PA 102<br />
  22. 22. Opening up government to the people; making government a truly democratic space, allowing citizens access to its processes, and in fact encouraging them to participate in these processes: to take a stand, to contribute to a consensus, and to accept this consensus as the product of their own collective will.<br />PA 102<br />
  23. 23. Better Governance: Strategic Intervention of the Aquino Administration<br /><ul><li> To promote not just growth, but, more importantly, inclusive growth. Social services take up 31.7 percent—nearly a third—of the 2012 National Budget.
  24. 24. Spending significant sums to provide basic healthcare services to the poor.
  25. 25. Working to widen access to education, and to ensure that this education is of good quality.</li></ul>PA 102<br />
  26. 26. Better Governance: Strategic Intervention of the Aquino Administration<br /><ul><li> to expand and improve a conditional cash transfer program that will provide stipends to less fortunate families, provided—and these are the conditions—they keep their children in school and visit their health centers regularly
  27. 27. This is a program that was once used for political patronage, and we have taken it and given it an overhaul, such that it empowers not politicians, but the bosses they are supposed to serve—the Filipinos.</li></ul>PA 102<br />
  28. 28. Better Governance: Strategic Intervention of the Aquino Administration<br /><ul><li> A zero-based budgeting process that evaluates the effectiveness of government programs. Those that have not delivered the desired results have been eliminated and those that have been effective have seen an increase in their funding.
  29. 29. Zero-based budgeting has also reduced discretionary spending items that have created opportunities for corruption</li></ul>PA 102<br />
  30. 30. PA 102<br />These reforms are paying off<br /> The savings generated by more honest and transparent budgeting have allowed us to increase spending on social services and defense without having to increase taxes this year.<br />
  31. 31. Better Governance: Region I Development Thrusts<br /><ul><li> Enhance LGU capacities to improve performance and productivity through the LGPMS and other performance improvement (OPES, OPIF)
  32. 32. Sustain productivity and quality initiatives including ICT
  33. 33. Strengthen advocacy programs of RLAs, LGUs and NGOs as environmental stewards.</li></ul>PA 102<br />
  34. 34. Better Governance: Region I Development Thrusts<br /><ul><li>Enhanced efficiency on revenue/tax collection measures
  35. 35. Improved fiscal discipline and enhance effective resource allocation
  36. 36. Mainstreaming of DRR+CCA in the CDPs, CLUPs and other plans of all LGUs</li></ul>PA 102<br />
  37. 37. Better Governance: Region I Development Thrusts<br /><ul><li>Strict enforcement of crime prevention and suppression as well as Anti-Criminality Campaign
  38. 38. Continuous improvement in the delivery of basic services, implementation of laws, and eradication of corruption in government offices to help eliminate conflicts and build people’s trust towards the government.</li></ul>PA 102<br />
  39. 39. Better GovernanceStrategic Programs<br /><ul><li>Anti- Corruption Programs/ARTA Of 2007
  40. 40. E-governance Programs
  41. 41. Productivity and Quality Programs
  42. 42. Revenue Collection Intensification Programs
  43. 43. Anti-Criminality Programs
  44. 44. Fiscal Management Programs</li></ul>PA 102<br />
  45. 45. Reference:<br />IS THERE A PHILIPPINE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION?<br />OR BETTER STILL, FOR WHOM IS PHILIPPINE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION?<br />Alex Brillantes, Jr. and Maricel Fernandez 2008<br />Project Portfolio Management:<br />A Critical Tool in Managing E-government Investments<br />Lowell D Dye PMP<br />PA 102<br />
  46. 46. His Excellency Benigno S. Aquino III<br />President of the Philippines<br />At the 2011 Annual Meetings of the World Bank <br />and International Monetary Fund<br />[Delivered at Washington, D.C., on September 21, 2011<br /> (September 22, Manila time)] <br />NEDA Region I 2011<br />PA 102<br />
  47. 47. Some food for thoughts<br />PA 102<br />
  48. 48. Assignment next meeting:<br />Discuss the governance program of your organization and its immediate results? <br />PA 102<br />