Power Tactics      Job Thomas     #11, MBA (PT)                     1
What is power tactics? Translation of power into a specific action Implementation of influential power to their  bosses,...
Preferred Power Tactics byInfluence directionUpward Influence Downward                     Lateral Influence              ...
Factors influencing power tactics Sequencing of tactics Personal skill in using the tactic Person’s relative power Typ...
Disempowering tactics Establish lots of rules, precedents, routines. Reduce task variety and flexibility. Do not reward...
Disempowering tactics (cond..) Reduce flow of organizational information. Reduce contact with senior staff. Reduce part...
Summary Power is an important OB theme as the  power to influence others influences the  productivity of organization and...
ContemporaryPerspective of Leadership      Job Thomas                            8
Meaning of word “contemporary” Contemporary = modern                          9
Kouzes and Possner 1993 Leadership is   Honest   Forward looking   Inspiring   Competent                          10
Badaraco Jr. 2002 Effective leaders are   Charismatic   High-profile and high risk taking person Introduced the concep...
Petzinger Jr., 1999 Successful organizational leaders are    Committed    Entrepreneurial individual contributors Fact...
Ghoshal and Barlett, 1997 A successful leader is the one who can   Inspire individual creativity and initiative   Lever...
Collins, 2001 Good leaders creates   Disciplined people   Disciplined thoughts   Disciplined action  in an organizatio...
Goleman, Boyatzis and McKee, 2002 Needs for a leader   Self awareness   Self management   Social awareness   Relation...
Buckingham and Coffman, 1999 Exemplary leaders do   Select people for talent   Set expectations by defining right outco...
Kanter 2001 Competent e- business leaders are the one  who   Exhibit Kaleidoscope thinking   Articulate an inspiring vi...
Summary The various modern perspectives of  leadership available in the literature are  presented.                       ...
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Power tactics& perspective of leadership

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Dr. Job Thomas
Reader in Civil Engineering, School of Engineering
Cochin University of Science and Technology
Cochin -22, email: job_thomas@cusat.ac.in

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Power tactics& perspective of leadership

  1. 1. Power Tactics Job Thomas #11, MBA (PT) 1
  2. 2. What is power tactics? Translation of power into a specific action Implementation of influential power to their bosses, coworkers, or employees 2
  3. 3. Preferred Power Tactics byInfluence directionUpward Influence Downward Lateral Influence InfluenceRational persuasion Rational persuasion Rational persuasion Inspirational appeals Consultation Pressure Ingratiation Consultation Exchange Ingratiation Legitimacy Personal Exchange Legitimacy appeals Coalitions 3
  4. 4. Factors influencing power tactics Sequencing of tactics Personal skill in using the tactic Person’s relative power Type of request and how the request is perceived Culture of the organization Country-specific cultural factors. 4
  5. 5. Disempowering tactics Establish lots of rules, precedents, routines. Reduce task variety and flexibility. Do not reward unusual or innovative performance. Require approvals for non-routine tasks. Assign tasks peripheral to the core business. Locate away from influential people and action. 5
  6. 6. Disempowering tactics (cond..) Reduce flow of organizational information. Reduce contact with senior staff. Reduce participation in programmes, meetings etc. Reduce participation in decision making and problem solving activities. 6
  7. 7. Summary Power is an important OB theme as the power to influence others influences the productivity of organization and ultimately its success. The tactics in connection with empowerment and disempowerment have been discussed. 7
  8. 8. ContemporaryPerspective of Leadership Job Thomas 8
  9. 9. Meaning of word “contemporary” Contemporary = modern 9
  10. 10. Kouzes and Possner 1993 Leadership is  Honest  Forward looking  Inspiring  Competent 10
  11. 11. Badaraco Jr. 2002 Effective leaders are  Charismatic  High-profile and high risk taking person Introduced the concept of “Quite leaders”  Quite leaders positively impact the people around them through strength of character and personal humility. 11
  12. 12. Petzinger Jr., 1999 Successful organizational leaders are  Committed  Entrepreneurial individual contributors Factors affecting the quality of leadership  Money and motivation  Work and family life  Social roles and responsibilities 12
  13. 13. Ghoshal and Barlett, 1997 A successful leader is the one who can  Inspire individual creativity and initiative  Leveraging organizational learning  Supports organizational renew 13
  14. 14. Collins, 2001 Good leaders creates  Disciplined people  Disciplined thoughts  Disciplined action in an organization 14
  15. 15. Goleman, Boyatzis and McKee, 2002 Needs for a leader  Self awareness  Self management  Social awareness  Relationship management Emotional intelligence has strong correlation with leadership style 15
  16. 16. Buckingham and Coffman, 1999 Exemplary leaders do  Select people for talent  Set expectations by defining right outcome  Motivate people by focusing on strength  Develop people by helping them to find where they fit best 16
  17. 17. Kanter 2001 Competent e- business leaders are the one who  Exhibit Kaleidoscope thinking  Articulate an inspiring vision  Building a collation  Nurturing working team  Persisting through difficulties  Spreading recognition and credit 17
  18. 18. Summary The various modern perspectives of leadership available in the literature are presented. 18
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