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Timeline Presentation Transcript

  • 1. TIMELINE
    MILESTONE IN COMPUTER HISTORY
  • 2. The Discoveries…
    Convenience
    8/3/2011
    2
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 3. 1937
    Dr. John V. Atanasoff and Clifford Berry design and build the ABC (Atanasoff-Berry-Computer)
    The foundation for advancements in electronic digital computers
    8/3/2011
    3
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 4. 1943
    World War II
    Alan Turing designs Colossus
    Created for military to break German Codes
    Existence is kept secret
    until the 1970’s
    8/3/2011
    4
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 5. 1945
    John von Neumann built an
    electronic computer
    Institute for Advanced
    Served as the prototype
    for subsequent stored
    program computers
    8/3/2011
    5
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 6. 1946
    Dr. John W. Mauchly
    and J.Presper Eckert, Jr.
    First large-scale electronic
    digital computer
    ENIAC (Electronic Numerical
    Integrator And Computer)
    30 tons
    18,000 vacuum tubes
    30 x 50 foot space
    8/3/2011
    6
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 7. 1947
    William Shockley, John Bardeen, and Walter Brattain
    Transfer resistance device, the Transistor
    Much more reliable than Vacuum Tubes
    8/3/2011
    7
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 8. 1951
    UNIVAC (Universal Automatic Computer)
    The first commercially
    available electronic
    digital computer
    Remington Rand
    8/3/2011
    8
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 9. 1953
    IBM Model 650
    First widely use computer
    Originally planning to produce
    50 machines only
    Because of the success
    IBM manufactures more
    than 1,000
    8/3/2011
    9
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 10. 1957
    Fortran (FORmulaTRANSlation)
    Programming Language
    John Backus
    IBM 305 RAMAC system
    The first to use magnetic disk
    for external storage
    8/3/2011
    10
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 11. 1959
    IBM introduces two smaller, dusk sized computers
    IBM 1401 for business
    IBM 1620 for scientist
    8/3/2011
    11
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 12. 1960
    COBOL
    A high-level business
    application language
    Dr. Grace Hopper
    8/3/2011
    12
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 13. 1964
    The number of computers has grown to 18,000
    Third generation computers, with their controlling circuitry stored on chips, are introduced
    IBM introduces the term word processing
    MT/ST (Magnetic Tape
    /Selectric Typewriter)
    The first reusable storage medium
    that allowed typed material to be edited
    8/3/2011
    13
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 14. 1965
    BASIC programming language
    Dr. John Kemeny
    Widely used on personal computers
    DEC (Digital Equipment Corporation)
    Introduces the first minicomputer,
    PDP-8
    8/3/2011
    14
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 15. 1968
    Alan Shugart demonstrates at IBM the first regular use of an 8-inch floppy (magnetic storage)disk
    8/3/2011
    15
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 16. 1969
    IBM announces that some of its software will be priced separately from the computer hardware
    ARPANET
    (Advanced Research Project
    Agency Network)
    Predecessor of the Internet
    8/3/2011
    16
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 17. 1970
    Fourth-Generation computers built with chips that uses LSI (large-scale integration)
    The chips used in 1965 contained as
    many as 1,000 circuits,
    the LSI chip contains
    as many as 15,000
    8/3/2011
    17
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 18. 1971
    Dr. Ted Hoff of Intel Corporation
    Intel 4004
    Microprocessor or microprogrammable computer chip
    8/3/2011
    18
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 19. 1975
    MITS, Inc. advertises one of the first microcomputers
    Altair, named for the destination in an episode of Star Trek
    Initially it has no keyboard, no monitor, no permanent memory, and no software
    8/3/2011
    19
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 20. 1975
    Ethernet, the first LAN is developed
    at Xerox PARC
    (Palo Alto Research Center)
    Robert Metcalf
    LAN (Local Area Network)
    Allows computers to communicate
    and share software, data,
    and peripherals
    8/3/2011
    20
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 21. 1976
    Steve Jobs and
    Steve Wozniak
    First Apple computer
    Followed by the
    succeeding versions
    8/3/2011
    21
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 22. 1977
    Mattel Auto Race was the first
    in the line of many Mattel
    Electronics games, and is
    credited with being the first
    handheld game that was
    entirely digital
    _____
    54
    _____
    I I
    i I I
    I I
    I i I
    ! I I
    I I i
    I I
    _____
    8/3/2011
    22
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 23. 1979
    VisiCalc (Visible Calculator)
    A spreadsheet program
    Bob Frankston and
    Dan Bricklin
    Originally run on
    Apple II computers
    CompuServe and the Source
    The first public online information services
    8/3/2011
    23
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 24. 1979
    It was developed by BjarneStroustrup starting in 1979 at Bell Labs as an enhancement to the C language and originally named C with Classes
    8/3/2011
    24
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 25. The Enhancements…
    Convenience/Power
    8/3/2011
    25
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 26. 1980
    IBM offers Microsoft Corp.
    co-founder, Bill Gates to develop
    the OS for their next IBM personal
    computer
    The development of MS-DOS
    Microsoft achieves tremendous
    growth and success
    Alan Shugart
    Winchester hard drive
    Revolutionizing storage for personal computers
    8/3/2011
    26
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 27. 1981
    The first computer virus, Elk Cloner is spread via Apple II floppy disks
    8/3/2011
    27
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 28. 1981
    IBM PC is introduced, signaling IBM’s entrance into the personal computer marketplace
    8/3/2011
    28
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 29. 1982
    3,275,000 million computers are sold, almost 3,000,000 more than in 1981
    Compaq, Inc. is founded to develop and market IBM-compatible PCs
    Hayes introduces the 300 bps smart modem. The modem is an immediate success
    8/3/2011
    29
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 30. 1982
    The HX-20, the first
    notebook-sized portable
    computer, is introduced
    by Epson.
    8/3/2011
    30
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 31. 1983
    TIME magazines names
    the computer
    “Machine of the Year” for 1982,
    acknowledging the impact of
    computers on society
    8/3/2011
    31
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 32. 1983
    Lotus Development Corp.
    is founded.
    Lotus 1-2-3
    which combines
    spreadsheet,
    graphics, and database
    programs becomes the
    best selling program for
    IBM PCs
    8/3/2011
    32
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 33. 1984
    Apple introduces Macintosh
    computer, which incorporates
    a unique, easy to learn,
    GUI (Graphical User
    Interfaces)
    8/3/2011
    33
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 34. 1984
    Hewlett-Packard announces the first LaserJet printer for personal computers
    8/3/2011
    34
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 35. 1988
    Microsoft surpasses Lotus Development Corporation to become the world’s top software vendor
    8/3/2011
    35
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 36. 1989
    Tim Berners-Lee
    Internet-based hypermedia
    enterprise for information sharing
    Birth of WWW World Wide Web
    8/3/2011
    36
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 37. 1989
    Intel 486
    World’s first 1,000,000 transistor microprocessor
    8/3/2011
    37
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 38. 1991
    World Wide Web Consortium
    Releases standards that
    describe a framework for
    linking documents on
    different computers
    8/3/2011
    38
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 39. 1992
    Windows 3.1
    In two months 3,000,000
    copies of this are sold
    8/3/2011
    39
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 40. 1993
    Intel Pentium
    Successor to the Intel 486 processor
    Contains 3.1 million transistors
    Microsoft Office 3 professional
    The first version of
    Microsoft office
    8/3/2011
    40
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 41. 1994
    Jim Clark and Marc Andreessen
    Netscape Navigator 1.0
    A browser for the World Wide Web
    8/3/2011
    41
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 42. 1994
    LinusTorvalds
    Linux kernel UNIX-like OS
    Free across the Internet for further modification by other programmers
    8/3/2011
    42
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 43. 1995
    JAVA by Sun Microsystems
    Object-oriented programming language
    Java becomes one of the hotter Internet technologies
    MS Windows 95
    50,000 test the software before
    it is released
    8/3/2011
    43
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 44. 1995
    ebay Inc. an American internet consumer-to-consumer corporation that manages eBay.com, an online auction and shopping website
    8/3/2011
    44
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 45. 1996
    Microsoft Windows NT
    OS for client-server networks
    8/3/2011
    45
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 46. 1996
    50 million PCs are sold worldwide
    2/3 employees have access to a PC and 1/3 homes has a PC
    8/3/2011
    46
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 47. 1996
    US Robotics introduces Palm Pilot
    Become popular among other PDAs
    because of it’s user-friendliness
    and low price
    8/3/2011
    47
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 48. 1997
    Apple and Microsoft sign a joint technology development agreement
    Microsoft buys $150,000,000 of Apple stock
    Birth of DVD Digital Versatile Disc
    The next generation optical disc storage technology
    Intel Pentium II processor
    Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.0
    8/3/2011
    48
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 49. 1998
    More than 10,000,000people take up telecommuting
    8/3/2011
    49
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 50. 1998
    Apple computer introduces iMac
    iMac abandons floppy disk drive
    8/3/2011
    50
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 51. 1998
    E-commerce, the marketing of goods and services over the Internet booms.
    Dell, E*TRADE, and Amazon.com spur online shopping
    8/3/2011
    51
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 52. 1998
    Microsoft ships Windows 98
    Improved Internet access, better system performance, and support for a new generation of hardware and software
    8/3/2011
    52
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 53. 1998
    Autodesk Maya, commonly shortened to Maya, is 3D computer graphics software that runs on Linux, Mac OS X and Microsoft Windows, originally developed by Alias Systems Corporation
    8/3/2011
    53
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 54. 1999
    Microsoft Office 2000
    Open source code software such as the Linux OS and the Apache Web server created by unpaid volunteers, begin to gain acceptance
    8/3/2011
    54
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 55. 1999
    Y2K Bug
    Other computers cannot
    distinguish whether
    01/01/00 refers to 1900 or 2000,
    and thus may operate using a
    wrong date
    8/3/2011
    55
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 56. The Leveling UP…
    Convenience/Power/Opportunity
    8/3/2011
    56
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 57. 2000
    Shawn Fanning and his company Napster
    Software that allows computer user to swap music files
    Recording industry of America sues Napster for copyright infringement and win
    E-commerce achieves mainstream acceptance
    Internet advertising increases
    8/3/2011
    57
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 58. 2000
    Microsoft ships Windows 2000 and Windows ME
    According to US Dept. of Commerce, Internet traffic is doubling every 100 days
    8/3/2011
    58
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 59. 2000
    Telemedicine uses satellite technology and video conferencing to broadcast consultations and to perform distant surgeries.
    Robots are use for complex
    and precise task
    8/3/2011
    59
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 60. 2000
    ASIMO, a humanoid robot
    created by Honda. Standing at
    130 centimeters (4 feet 3 inches)
    and weighing 54 kilograms
    (119 pounds)
    8/3/2011
    60
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 61. 2001
    MS Office XP the next version of productivity software
    MS Windows XP for the desktop and servers
    8/3/2011
    61
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 62. 2001
    Intel Pentium 4 with clock speeds starting 1.4 GHz
    42 million transistors
    Predecessor of Pentium III
    E-books becomes a hobby ,
    which are digital texts read
    on compact computer screens
    8/3/2011
    62
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 63. 2002
    Improved Intel Pentium 4 operating at speeds of 3.06 GHz
    DVD writers begin to replace CD writers
    8/3/2011
    63
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 64. 2002
    Tablet PC reintroduced as the next-generation mobile PC
    8/3/2011
    64
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 65. 2003
    Wireless computers become commonplace
    Latest OS supports both Wi-Fi and Bluetooth standards
    Microsoft Office 2003 released
    8/3/2011
    65
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 66. 2004
    RealNetworks, Microsoft, Sony, and Wal-Mart stake out turf in the online music store business started by Apple Computer
    Apple’s iTunes Music Store sold nearly 20 million songs for 99 cents each
    8/3/2011
    66
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 67. 2004
    Flat Panel LCD monitors overtake bulky CRT monitors
    USB flash drive become a cost effective way to transport data
    8/3/2011
    67
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 68. 2004
    Apple computer introduces
    the sleek iMac G5
    Computer’s display device
    contains the system unit
    8/3/2011
    68
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 69. 2005
    10 percent of the web users has been moved from Internet Explorer to Mozilla Firefox
    Xbox 360 releases by Microsoft
    8/3/2011
    69
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 70. 2005
    Blogging and Podcasting become mainstream methods for distributing information via the web
    Smart phone overtakes PDAs
    8/3/2011
    70
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 71. 2005
    Microsoft introduces Visual Studio 2005, this includes Visual basic, Visual C#, Visual J#, Visual C++ and SQL Server
    Apple iPod the Video-Pod
    8/3/2011
    71
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 72. 2005
    Google Earth is a virtual globe, map and geographical information program that was originally called EarthViewer 3D, and was created by Keyhole, Inc
    8/3/2011
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
    72
  • 73. 2006
    Sony launches Play Station 3
    Sony Play Station 2 won 90 million from the previous sales over 24 million from Xbox and 21 million from GameCube consoles
    8/3/2011
    73
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 74. 2006
    MS Windows Vista with new version of Internet Explorer 7
    Improve security, deployment, manageability, and performance
    8/3/2011
    74
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 75. 2006
    Apple begins selling Macintosh computers with Intel microprocessors
    Intel Pentium D
    8/3/2011
    75
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 76. 2006
    IBM produces the fastest supercomputer called Blue Gene/L
    It can perform 28 trillion calculations in the time it takes you to blink your eye, or about one-tenth of a second
    8/3/2011
    76
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 77. 2006
    Blu-ray Disc (official abbreviation BD) is an optical disc storage medium designed to supersede the DVD format.
    Blu-ray Disc Association
    8/3/2011
    77
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 78. 2007
    The iPod Touch is a portable media player, personal digital assistant, Handheld game console, and Wi-Fi mobile platform designed and marketed by Apple Inc.
    8/3/2011
    78
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 79. 2009
    Microsoft Security Essentials (MSE) is a free antivirus software product created by Microsoft that provides protection against different types of malware
    8/3/2011
    79
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 80. 2010
    The iPad is a line of tablet computers designed, developed and marketed by Apple Inc.
    8/3/2011
    80
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 81. 2011
    Facebook is a social networking service and website launched in February 2004, operated and privately owned by Facebook, Inc. As of July 2011, Facebook has more than 750 million active users.
    8/3/2011
    81
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 82. 2011
    Microsoft Corporation agreed to acquire Skype Communications for US$8.5 billion.
    The company is to be incorporated as a division of Microsoft
    8/3/2011
    82
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 83. 2011
    Friendster shifted from social networking site to a social entertainment site which focus on gaming and music. The accounts are unchanged and still existing
    8/3/2011
    83
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 84. 8/3/2011
    84
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 85. 8/3/2011
    85
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 86. 8/3/2011
    86
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 87. Continuously Innovating…
    Convenience/Power/Opportunity…
    8/3/2011
    87
    Prepared by:J.B.CAJIGAS
  • 88. Thank you!