Shn Overview Updated 2009 06 P1 10


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Malawi - School Health & Nutrition Strategy 2008-18

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Shn Overview Updated 2009 06 P1 10

  1. 1. School Health & Nutrition Strategy 20 08-18 <ul><li>Ministries of: </li></ul><ul><li>Education, Science & Technology (lead) </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture & Food Security </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul>Updated 2009.01 For more information contact: MoEST School Health Nutrition and HIV Deputy Director Mr. Charles Mazinga (0) 888-347-760
  2. 2. Healthy Children in Healthy Environments Learn Better! Slide SHN Strategy 0verview, updated 2009.01
  3. 3. 2.0 Overall Goal: By 2018 Malawi will have healthy, well-nourished school-aged children who can fulfil their optimum learning potential. 2.1 Vision All school-age children enjoying good health and eating balanced, nutritious diets. 2.2 Mission Providing school-based health and nutrition services and programmes as an integral, sustainable part of the education system to build a healthy foundation for learners. SHN Strategy 0verview, updated 2009.01
  4. 4. SHN Targets ALL School-Aged Children (aged 2-18) Slide SHN Strategy Overview 2009 SHN supports the goals of many departments Learning Institution Responsible Departments <ul><li>Childcare Centres </li></ul><ul><li>MoWCD Early Childhood Dev. </li></ul><ul><li>Government Primary Schools </li></ul><ul><li>MoEST Basic Education </li></ul><ul><li>Complementary Basic Education (CBE) </li></ul><ul><li>MoEST Basic Education </li></ul><ul><li>Government Secondary Schools </li></ul><ul><li>MoEST Secondary Education </li></ul><ul><li>Government tertiary education centres </li></ul><ul><li>MoEST Higher Education </li></ul><ul><li>Out-of-school Youth </li></ul><ul><li>MoWCD Social Welfare / MoYSC </li></ul><ul><li>Private or faith based schools, all types </li></ul><ul><li>Management of institutions </li></ul>
  5. 5. National Education Sector Plan (NESP) SHN’s contribution: <ul><li>1.) Quality and Relevance </li></ul><ul><li>Improving learners’ potential to learn through reducing malnutrition and hunger, teachers and improved teaching and learning environments </li></ul><ul><li>2.) Access and Equity </li></ul><ul><li>Improving ability of all learners to enrol in and attend school through reducing food and nutrition insecurity barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Governance and Management </li></ul><ul><li>Through strengthening school management committees and teaching staff to oversee SHN/HIV interventions </li></ul>SHN Strategy 0verview, updated 2009.01
  6. 6. Current health & nutrition situation: <ul><li>In Malawi, causes of malnutrition include: </li></ul><ul><li>Poor dietary diversity / Food insecurity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>35 % of all Malawians consume too few calories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>67 % of calorific consumption is maize (too much carbohydrate!) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>93 % of cereal consumption is maize (too much maize!) </li></ul></ul>Current Meal to BETTER MEAL <ul><li>Balance of </li></ul><ul><li>Carbohydrate </li></ul><ul><li>Protein, </li></ul><ul><li>Fat, </li></ul><ul><li>High in: </li></ul><ul><li>Vitamins, </li></ul><ul><li>Minerals & </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Too much: </li></ul><ul><li>Carbohydrate </li></ul><ul><li>Too Little: </li></ul><ul><li>Protein, </li></ul><ul><li>Fat, </li></ul><ul><li>Vitamins, </li></ul><ul><li>Minerals & </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul>( SAME amount of food - Different balance)
  7. 7. More causes of Malnutrition . . . <ul><li>Inadequate knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Harmful cultural habits and social pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Poor water and sanitation practices </li></ul><ul><li>Illness and disease </li></ul>
  8. 8. Cycle of Vulnerability Adapted from Dr. Alex Kalimbira, Bunda College 2008 Slide SHN Strategy 0verview, updated 2009.01
  9. 9. <ul><li>There are VERY few surveys, studies & monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>of School-Aged Children </li></ul><ul><li>2006 National School Health & Nutrition Baseline </li></ul><ul><li>2,935 surveyed out of over 3 million school-age children </li></ul><ul><li>Surveyed ages between 5 and 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Nationally representative cross-section household survey, cluster sampling </li></ul><ul><li>52% were boys, 48% were girls </li></ul>Slide SHN Strategy 0verview, updated 2009.01 Micronutrient deficient Source Anaemia (Iron/Folate) 22% 2001, National Micronutrient Survey 54% 2006, National SHN Baseline Survey Iodine 64% 2001, National Micronutrient Survey 50% 2006, National SHN Baseline Survey Vitamin A 38% 2001, National Micronutrient Survey
  10. 10. 2006 National School Health & Nutrition Baseline, Cont. SHN Strategy 0verview, updated 2009.01 Percent Issue 30% Stunted, i.e. had chronic malnutrition 18% Underweight 30 % NEVER ate breakfast 34% reported illness in the past 2 weeks 20% Had malaria parasites 19% Had bilharzias 9% Had intestinal worms