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Le Niger
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  • 1. By: Aloizio Costa Junior, Jerrell Handley, and Donny Carter
  • 2. L'indépendance du Niger
    • Independence: Le Trois Août, Mille Neuf Cent Soixante.
    • Gained independence from France.
    • It created a republic within a greater French community in 1958, and independence followed in 1960.
  • 3. Langues
        • French
        • Hausa
  • 4. Information Sur Niger
    • Niger is located by Chad, Libya, Algeria, Mali, Burkina Faso, and Nigeria.
    • The capital of Niger is Niamey.
    • Niger is in the continent of Africa.
  • 5. Coup Du Niger
    • The Coup happened around February 18, 2010
    • Niger President Mamadou Tandja has been seized by mutinous soldiers during a coup attempt in Niger’s capital.
    • He was attacked inside the presidential palace in Niamey, during a government meeting.
  • 6. Danses du Niger
    • Dances in the country of Niger are comprised of various forms and statures.
    • The people interested in the dance forms of Niger have the privilege of joining the Nigerien traditional dance troupe.
    • It is very dynamic, rich and magnetic phenomenon.
    • Dances vary from acrobatic dance groups that are available for feature performances, workshops, festivals, and dance lessons to more subtle dancers that perform during mourning.
  • 7. Danses du Niger (contin.)
    • Their dance steps and gestures are agile, graceful, admirable, and elegant.
    • The dance steps are coordinated and integrated art of movement which is controlled by the rhythm of music.
    • Nigerien traditional dance tends to express situations, emotions, sentiments, and beliefs.
  • 8. La Nourriture au Niger
    • The major spices used by the cooks in Niger are the following: Saffron, Nutmeg, Cinnamon, Ginger, Cloves
    • These spices were introduced to the kitchens of Niger by the Arabian travelers to the country.
    • These spices added to the cuisine of Niger make them immensely delicious and rich in taste.
    • One of the popular recipes of Niger is grilled meat, which is famous for the spices it is marinated with.
  • 9. Recette
    • Peanut Chicken from Niger
    • Ingredients:
    • 2 lbs chicken breasts  (whole)
    • 1-1 1/2 large onions , chopped
    • 2 large garlic cloves , minced
    • 16 ounces of tomato sauce
    • 16 ounces of whole tomatoes , drained
    • 8 ounces of smooth peanut butter
    • 1-3 teaspoons of cayenne  (to taste)
    • peanut oil
  • 10. Cinq Mots
    • Minced garlic = l’ail émincé
    • Tomatoes = des tomates
    • Flour = la flarine
    • Peanut Butter = la beurre d’arachides
    • Butter = la beurre
  • 11. La musique du Niger
    • Hausa, Beriberi, Songhai, Djerma, Dendi, Fula, Wodaabe, and Tuareg traditions have begun to form a mixture of styles since the 1960s.
    • The Tuareg are known for romantic, informal sung/spoken love poetry performed by both men and women
    • The Fula and Wodaabe (largely a nomadic desert subgroup of Fula) keep alive traditions of group singing
  • 12. La musique du Niger (contin.)
    • The region around the capital of Niamey is inhabited by Djerma and Songhai who play, generally solo, a variety of lutes(Molo), flutes and fiddles.
  • 13. La Religion
    • Niger is predominately Islamic
    • In Niger, Muslims follow the teachings of the Qur’an which is the main religious book
    • The Five Pillars of Islam are duties that are mandatory for all Muslims.
    • Shadah
    • Salat
    • Zakat
    • Sawm
    • Hajj (to Mecca) – An annual pilgrimage to Mecca which must be taken once in their lifetime
  • 14. Shadah
    • Shadah = Faith
    • Islamic faith means to know and believe without suspicion
    • Islamic beliefs show Allah as a god and Muhammad as a prophet
  • 15. Salat
    • Salat = Formal Prayer
    • Prayer is performed at 5 different times during the day
    • They are near dawn, noon, afternoon, after sunset, and around nightfall
  • 16. Zakat
    • Zakat = Almsgiving
    • Giving a small percentage of one’s possessions to the poor and needy
    • This is similar to donating charity funds as we do in America
  • 17. Sawm
    • Sawm = Fasting
    • Fasting is abstinence from eating, drinking, and sexual intercourse
    • Islamic people practice this primarily during the holy month of Ramadan
    • The reason that people fast is to experience what the needy and hungry feel
    • There are also other voluntary days of fasting that occur throughout the Muslim calendar
  • 18. Hajj
    • Hajj = Pilgrimage
    • A hajj is an annual pilgrimage to Mecca which must be taken at least once in an Islamic person’s lifetime
    • Casualties have occurred during hajj and the worst of these incidents happened during the Stoning of the Devil ritual
    • Stoning of the Devil is an annual ritual of pilgrims throwing pebbles at a pillar in Mina, Saudi Arabia.
    • This ritual reenacts Abraham's pilgrimage to Mecca
    • In 2006, approximately 600 pilgrims died performing a hajj
  • 19. Huit questions
    • What is the capital of Niger?
    • What continent is Niger in?
    • What two main languages does Niger speak?
    • What is Niger’s main religion?
    • What is butter in French?
    • Name a major spice used by Nigerien cooks?
    • What year did Niger gain independence?
    • Who did Niger gain independence from?