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Roman architecture

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  • 1. Roman Architecture and More!
  • 2. How did it Begin? • The Romans achieved originality in building very late in their existence. • Roman architecture was very much like that of Greece, aside from the contribution of the arch, and its later three-dimensional counterpart, the dome.
  • 3. The Roman ColosseumThe Roman Colosseum  Over 160 ft high with eighty entrances. (76 for spectators and 4 for the emperor.)  The Colosseum could empty out in 5 minutes.  The Colosseum could hold up to 50,000 spectators.  Public events such as gladiator fights, mock naval battles (some dispute the naval battles) and wild animal hunts were held at the Colosseum.
  • 4. The Roman ColosseumThe Roman Colosseum Although it survives only as a ruin, it still rates as one of the finest examples of Roman architecture and engineering.
  • 5. Roman Aqueducts • Of the 260 miles of the aqueduct system, only 30 miles were visible to the people of Rome. • Aqueducts were a way to get water to major cities.
  • 6. Roman CatacombsRoman Catacombs  Ancient ChristianAncient Christian underground burialunderground burial places near Rome,places near Rome, Italy.Italy.
  • 7. The PantheonThe Pantheon Originally built as a temple.Originally built as a temple. It is the best-preserved of all Roman buildingsIt is the best-preserved of all Roman buildings and the oldest important building in the worldand the oldest important building in the world with its original roof intact. It has been inwith its original roof intact. It has been in continuous use throughout its history.continuous use throughout its history. Dome
  • 8. The Roman Forum  The Roman Forum was the central area around which ancient Rome developed. This is where commerce, business, and the administration of justice took place. Notice the columns
  • 9. Circus MaximusCircus Maximus  Designed to holdDesigned to hold horse and chariothorse and chariot racing.racing.  It could hold up toIt could hold up to 250,000 people250,000 people (1/4 the population(1/4 the population of Rome).of Rome).  The track couldThe track could hold 12 chariots.hold 12 chariots.
  • 10. Roman - Triumphal - Arch • Most triumphal arches were built during the Roman Empire. • By the 4th century C.E., 36 triumphal arches were recorded as existing in Rome. Only five now survive.
  • 11. Roman ArtRoman Art  Curiously, althoughCuriously, although examples of Romanexamples of Roman sculptures, paintings,sculptures, paintings, buildings, andbuildings, and decorative artsdecorative arts survive in greatsurvive in great numbers, few namesnumbers, few names of Roman artists andof Roman artists and architects arearchitects are recorded.recorded.
  • 12. Language and WritingLanguage and Writing • The Roman alphabet was derived largely fromThe Roman alphabet was derived largely from the Greek and was almost the same as the onethe Greek and was almost the same as the one we use today.we use today. • During the early Roman Empire, aDuring the early Roman Empire, a revolutionary change in the form of books andrevolutionary change in the form of books and other written records was taking place.other written records was taking place. • The changeover from books in the form of aThe changeover from books in the form of a rolled manuscript to a book that was boundrolled manuscript to a book that was bound along one edge.along one edge.
  • 13. Roman GovernmentRoman Government  The Romans never had a writtenThe Romans never had a written constitution, but their form of theirconstitution, but their form of their government, roughly parallels the moderngovernment, roughly parallels the modern American division of executive, legislative,American division of executive, legislative, and judicial branchesand judicial branches