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POL 102 PHILIPPINE HISTORY    MODULE 2: HISTORICAL       FOUNDATIONS
OBJECTIVES:• 1. Discuss the various theories on  Philippine evolution.• 2. Identify the distinct traits of Filipinos  diff...
A. Origin of the Philippines• 1. Land bridge theory- according to this  theory, the earth is was made up of huge  landmass...
• 2. Big Bang theory- a massive  explosion from within the landmass  are believed to have been origin of  the present-day ...
• 3. Biblical Theory-this theory states that  God created heaven and earth, after  which the first man and woman named  Ad...
• 4. Darwinian Theory-traces man’s origin  from apes, the ancestors of man (homo  erectus)left Africa- cradle of man’s  re...
• 5. Theory of Continental Drift- Philippines  once was a part of Mainland China. According  to the scientists, during the...
B. Legendary Beginnings of the Filipino              Ancestors• 1.Myth of Malakas and Maganda• 2. Baked Clay figures of wh...
C. Racial Origins• 1. Negritos( aetas or pygmies). They are short,  round-headed with kinky hair, small flat nose  with th...
• 2. Indonesians-tall,slender in  physique, light complexion, thin lips  and high aquiline nose. Their strain is  very str...
• 3. Malays-they are carried by  balangays they are medium in  height, slim but well built, brown  skin and with black hai...
D. Major Groups of Inhabitants• 1. Visayans• 2. Tagalog• 3. Ilocanos• 4. Bicolanos
E. Ethnic Groups• Ivatan are found  in Batanes . They  have close cultural  links  with Taiwanese  Aborigines.
BADJAOBadjaos arefound in the SuluArchipelago.
Igorot• The Igorot(Bontoc,  Ibaloi, Ifugao, Isneg,  Kalinga, Kankana-  ey,Kalanguya), live in  the highlands  of Luzon
Ilongots• The Ilongot is a headhunting  ethnic group  found in  the Caraballo  Mountains.
Lumad• The Lumad of Mindanao includes several  tribes such as the Manobo, the Tasaday, the  Mamanwa, the Mandaya, and the ...
LUMAD
Mangyan• The Mangyan  are found in  Mindoro.
BATAK• The Batak is a  group of  indigenous Filipino  people that  resides in the  northeast portion  of Palawan.
MOLBOG• The Molbog means  "murky or turbid  water". The Molbog  are probably a  migrant people from  nearby North  Borneo....
MANOBO  • Most numerous of    ethnic group in    the Philippines.    They live on    Sarangani Island to    the Mindanao  ...
Maranao   • “People of the Lake”   • They build houses near     the Lanao Lake   • They are known for     weaving and wood...
F. Other Characteristics of the Filipino                Society• Population:• Language: The official language of the count...
Cultural Traits:• Acculturation- embraces limited concept. It is  purely absorption and adaptation of foreign  influences ...
G. Core Values of Filipinos• 1. close family ties- a strong bond among  family members• 2. respect for elders-usage of po ...
• 4. sensitivity- onion-skinned or the  tendency to be hurt easily by unpleasant  remarks.• 5. religiosity-spirituality or...
DEBATE• Dapat bang alisin ng mga Pilipino ang  ugaling “Bahala Na”?
Assignment• Bring a product that is purely Filipino in  nature then discuss it’s nature and  importance in the class.
Quiz1. What theory explains the first migration of Filipinos through land bridges?
• 2.What theory states that human  race came from Adam and Eve?
• 3. What theory explains that  man came from the evolution  of an ape?
• 4. What theory explains that Philippines was once a part of Mainland China?
• 5. This myth is about the first man and woman
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Module 2 historical foundation

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Transcript of "Module 2 historical foundation"

  1. 1. POL 102 PHILIPPINE HISTORY MODULE 2: HISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS
  2. 2. OBJECTIVES:• 1. Discuss the various theories on Philippine evolution.• 2. Identify the distinct traits of Filipinos different from the people of other neighbouring countries.• 3. Look for something indigenous/ cultural value and show it in the class.
  3. 3. A. Origin of the Philippines• 1. Land bridge theory- according to this theory, the earth is was made up of huge landmasses that connected each piece of land to one another through land bridges located above big bodies of water
  4. 4. • 2. Big Bang theory- a massive explosion from within the landmass are believed to have been origin of the present-day countries including the Philippines
  5. 5. • 3. Biblical Theory-this theory states that God created heaven and earth, after which the first man and woman named Adam and Eve. It was from these two living creatures of God that various races sprouted.
  6. 6. • 4. Darwinian Theory-traces man’s origin from apes, the ancestors of man (homo erectus)left Africa- cradle of man’s remote past and scattered throughout the world crossing the land bridges.
  7. 7. • 5. Theory of Continental Drift- Philippines once was a part of Mainland China. According to the scientists, during the Ice Age, the waters surrounding the Philippines dropped to about 156 feet below the present levels, exposing large bodies of land. These became land bridges connecting the Philippines to the Asian mainland.
  8. 8. B. Legendary Beginnings of the Filipino Ancestors• 1.Myth of Malakas and Maganda• 2. Baked Clay figures of white, black and brown race
  9. 9. C. Racial Origins• 1. Negritos( aetas or pygmies). They are short, round-headed with kinky hair, small flat nose with thick lips and dark complexion.At present descendants of Negritos live in Bataan, Zambales, Nueva Ecija, Bulacan, Pamapanga, Mindoro, Palawan, Negros, Panay.
  10. 10. • 2. Indonesians-tall,slender in physique, light complexion, thin lips and high aquiline nose. Their strain is very strong in ethnic groups in Apayao, Ibanag, Ilongots, Gaddangs and Ilongots.
  11. 11. • 3. Malays-they are carried by balangays they are medium in height, slim but well built, brown skin and with black hair and dark brown eyes.•
  12. 12. D. Major Groups of Inhabitants• 1. Visayans• 2. Tagalog• 3. Ilocanos• 4. Bicolanos
  13. 13. E. Ethnic Groups• Ivatan are found in Batanes . They have close cultural links with Taiwanese Aborigines.
  14. 14. BADJAOBadjaos arefound in the SuluArchipelago.
  15. 15. Igorot• The Igorot(Bontoc, Ibaloi, Ifugao, Isneg, Kalinga, Kankana- ey,Kalanguya), live in the highlands of Luzon
  16. 16. Ilongots• The Ilongot is a headhunting ethnic group found in the Caraballo Mountains.
  17. 17. Lumad• The Lumad of Mindanao includes several tribes such as the Manobo, the Tasaday, the Mamanwa, the Mandaya, and the Kalagan. They primarily inhabit the eastern parts of Mindanao such as the Caraga and Davao Regions
  18. 18. LUMAD
  19. 19. Mangyan• The Mangyan are found in Mindoro.
  20. 20. BATAK• The Batak is a group of indigenous Filipino people that resides in the northeast portion of Palawan.
  21. 21. MOLBOG• The Molbog means "murky or turbid water". The Molbog are probably a migrant people from nearby North Borneo. They are found in Palawan.
  22. 22. MANOBO • Most numerous of ethnic group in the Philippines. They live on Sarangani Island to the Mindanao mainland.
  23. 23. Maranao • “People of the Lake” • They build houses near the Lanao Lake • They are known for weaving and wood and metal crafts • Among their popular design is the sarimanok and naga.
  24. 24. F. Other Characteristics of the Filipino Society• Population:• Language: The official language of the country is Filipino. There are about 80 native languages and 142 dialects.• Economy: Agriculture: Farming, forestry and fishery are major agricultural activities in the country.
  25. 25. Cultural Traits:• Acculturation- embraces limited concept. It is purely absorption and adaptation of foreign influences in totality.• Inculturation- It is a process where foreign influences are gradually subjected to a kind of filtration or segregation.
  26. 26. G. Core Values of Filipinos• 1. close family ties- a strong bond among family members• 2. respect for elders-usage of po and opo, kissing of the hand of the elders (pagmamano). Obeying elders and following their advice.• 3. loyalty- true allegiance (padrino)
  27. 27. • 4. sensitivity- onion-skinned or the tendency to be hurt easily by unpleasant remarks.• 5. religiosity-spirituality or strong faith in God• 6. Resiliency (fatalism) (Bahala na)•
  28. 28. DEBATE• Dapat bang alisin ng mga Pilipino ang ugaling “Bahala Na”?
  29. 29. Assignment• Bring a product that is purely Filipino in nature then discuss it’s nature and importance in the class.
  30. 30. Quiz1. What theory explains the first migration of Filipinos through land bridges?
  31. 31. • 2.What theory states that human race came from Adam and Eve?
  32. 32. • 3. What theory explains that man came from the evolution of an ape?
  33. 33. • 4. What theory explains that Philippines was once a part of Mainland China?
  34. 34. • 5. This myth is about the first man and woman
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