participation barriers Source: Give elearning a second chance18 Feb 2010, http://www.guardian.co.uk/public-sector-training/e-learning E-learning is now a combination of self-study, online resources, community/group projects, interaction with an instructor, assessment and finally, transfer. Learning and Development teams need to get the 'magic in the mix' by identifying which different components will make the optimal blend. Instead of providing learning at specific times, their role is to help individuals make the best of the learning that's available and to access it on-demand. They also need to create an environment in which people can work and learn almost seamlessly. Instead of managing the content, they should aim to manage the climate for learning. E-learning has become a vastly different proposition. Will the public sector give it a second chance?