Joanne caddy oecd finland 2008

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  • 1. Building open and inclusive policymaking: next steps for Finland?Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Justice joint seminar Open and inclusive policy making in Finland 25 April 2008 Joanne Caddy, OECD/GOV
  • 2. past present future Date of first introduction of FOI laws Pre-1950 11951-1960 11961-1970 11971-1980 31981-1990 71991-2000 11 2 6 12 Number of OECD Member countries
  • 3. Why bother with public engagement?Instrumental• Better outcomes at less cost• Innovative solutions• Responding to greater diversity• Leveraging resources and knowledge• Higher compliance 2005 OECDMinisterial meeting Rotterdam “More open and inclusive policy makingIntrinsic can strengthen trust in government,• Democracy thereby contributing to social stability”• Greater trust
  • 4. Who are we engaging? Ratio of population over 65 in Finland 2000 = 15 2005 = 16 2030 = 26sunnydelishgirl
  • 5. Open & inclusive policy makingWorking definition• Open and inclusive policy making is transparent, accessible and responsive to as wide a range of citizens as possible.Key questions1. How have governments applied the 2001 OECD 10 guiding principles for information, consultation and active participation?2. What are the main barriers for the “willing but unable” and for those who are “able but unwilling”?
  • 6. Ten guiding principles !Commitment !Rights !Clarity !Time !Objectivity !Resources !Co-ordination !Accountability !Evaluation !Active citizenship
  • 7. Most progress in applying OECD principles
  • 8. Most difficulty in applying OECD principles
  • 9. Barriers faced by willing but unable
  • 10. Able but unwilling
  • 11. Resources invested
  • 12. Open & We have data... making inclusive policy • Part I: Trends – Comparative data from governments in 23 OECD member countries + Chile + Slovenia + European Commission – Data from CSOs in 14 OECD member countries + Slovenia • Part II: Cases – 12 cases from CAN, FRA, NOR, GER, TUR, KOR, NZ, NL, FIN, CH, UK • Part III: Voices – 13 opinion pieces by academics, civil society practitioners, youth, oversight institutions in 11 countriesPhoto by mollycakes
  • 13. Building the future today Pull Weight PushSohail Inayatullah
  • 14. Journey to the edgeonline participation in New Zealand and other stories
  • 15. A journey in 4 stages hearing voices building community drafting naked test driving
  • 16. hearing voicesWhy participate? •“I’m a bit of a joiner junkie… “ (gemma) •“How would they ever know if you didn’t tell them?” (harold) •“I’m not as active as I want to be, but I’m interested.” (rangi) What makes participation satisfying? •“I want feedback” (dick) • “Success breeds momentum” (anne) • “I gained new skills” (yan)
  • 17. building community
  • 18. drafting nakedWhat’s a wiki?
  • 19. test driving policy
  • 20. insights from the edge• Innovation/leadership• New ideas/wider source• Agency capacity/implementation• Living document/permanent beta• Testing/learning/sharing• wiki platform daunting for some• failure to reach out to M!ori, Pasifika and other ethnic groups
  • 21. enabling transformation“Transformed government will call for a different way of working – one where networks, not hierarchy, are the focus. This raises fundamental questions about the future. Does the ‘new system’ threaten the integrity of the existing one? More specifically, what are the implications for personal privacy or parliamentary accountability? Are there other ways of meeting these accountabilities? If so, what are they and how do they work? What is the balance of cost and benefit?These questions arise from e-government, but their answers require discourse and a work programme that go beyond e-government.”
  • 22. Participative webThe day of the long tail om/watch?v=7xAA7 1Ssids
  • 23. Who will drive this transformation? Public administrations Politicians Civil society Business
  • 24. Our common challenges• Understanding and adapting to change• Mainstreaming public engagement• Ensuring coherence across government• Integrating user-generated content• Leveraging co-production
  • 25. Our assetsThe power of (government held) information 1997 Policy framework for New Zealand Government- held informationThe power of us
  • 26. Our options• Go where the action is Photo by Unhindered by Talent• Support innovation inside/out• Build safe space for pilots but avoid paralysis• Plan to mainstream/upscale/disseminate• Harness leading edge users• Build collaborative platforms and culture• Use stories, foster networks and mentors• Do sound risk assessment• Prepare to manage success!
  • 27. it!• Websites – TedTalks – Demos – Dialogue by design – WorldChanging – Web 2.0 WorkGroup – CISCO - The Connected Republic 2.0 – Ascentum – DialogueCircles – RED Design Council• People – Charles Leadbeater (WeThink) + Hilary Cottam (RED UK Design Council) “The User- generated State: Public Services 2.0” – Carolyn J. Lukensmeyer (AmericaSpeaks) – Lawrence Lessig (Creative Commons) – Jimmy Wales (Wikipedia) – Chris Anderson (Long Tail) – Jeremy Gould (Whitehall Webby) – William Heath (Ideal Government – Kable) – Tom Steinberg (
  • 28. it!• Day of the Long Tail• Web 2.0 ... The Machine is Us/ing Us• Commoncraft: Wikis in Plain English• Commoncraft: Social networking in Plain English• Commoncraft: RSS in Plain English• America Speaks: Engaging Citizens in Governance• Medieval Help Desk (Norwegian w subtitles)
  • 29. For further information,please