Jus Internet; Wikipedia and the future of law of the Internet
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Jus Internet; Wikipedia and the future of law of the Internet

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"Jus Internet..." to be presented at Wikimania 2010, Gdansk, July 9th

"Jus Internet..." to be presented at Wikimania 2010, Gdansk, July 9th

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Jus Internet; Wikipedia and the future of law of the Internet Jus Internet; Wikipedia and the future of law of the Internet Presentation Transcript

  • Wikipedia and the future of law of the Internet Joanna Kulesza presented at Wikimania 2010, Gdańsk, July 9th, 2010 Jus Internet
  • Problem with law and the Internet
  • „ Shape” of law J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  • „ Shape” of the Internet J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  • Law and the Internet? J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  • How to rule the cyberspace? alternative solutions
  • „ civic virtue” 1998
    • David G. Post
    • UCLA Online Institute for Cyberspace Law and Policy
    • Law and Borders - the Rise of Law in Cyberspace , Stanford Law Review 1996 , no. 48
    • The New ‘Civic Virtue’ of the Internet , The Emerging Internet - 1998 Annual Review of the Institute for Information Studies, Washington 1998
    • In Search of Jefferson’s Moose – Notes on State in Cyberspace , Oxford, 2009
    Autonomous law of cyberspace J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
    • system based on territorial boarders doesn’t work in cyberspace
    • democracy has devaluated
    • a need to create special rules for on-line actions  a set of basic rules , common to all „cybernauts”
    • the carriers of „statehood” (~nationality) in cyberspace are its groups, „cyber-communities”
    • „ netizenship ” would result from membership to one of the cyber-communities, based on the choice of the „cybernaut”
    • autonomy of cyber-communities
    Autonomous law of cyberspace J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
    • development of a scheme for „ civic virtue ” , as basis for a legal regime of cyberspace
    • a decentralized, diversified and complex model, just as the Internet itself
    • rules common to all cyber-communities would form the contents of „civic virtue”
    • neccesary:
    • internalisation
    • legitimisation
    Autonomous law of cyberspace J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  • „ hybryd economy” 2009
  • Hybryd economy
    • new economic model, located between:
    • commercial economies and
    • sharing economies
    J. Kulesza, Ius Internet Lawrence Lessig Remix: Making Art and Commerce Thrive in the Hybrid Economy , 2009 Yochai Benkler The Wealth of Networks , 2009
  • Commercial economy J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  • Sharing economy J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  • Difference? J. Kulesza, Ius Internet I’ll give you $20 if you make it all the way! Can you teach me how to skate? Sure! But it will cost you $5.
  • Hybryd economies
    • arose with the increase of popularity of the Internet
    • not based on money, however it plays an important role therein ( Ch . Anderson , Free: The Future of a Radical Price , 2009 )
    • „ LEGO mechanism”
    J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  • J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  • J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  • J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  • Wikinomics
    • D. Tapscott, A. D. Williams, Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything , 2008.
    • four principles of Wikinomics :
    • openness
    • peering
    • sharing
    • acting globally
    J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  • Freeconomy
    • Ch . Anderson , Free: The Future of a Radical Price , 2009
    • „ There's no such thing as a free lunch . ” M. Friedman
    • new role of money? new evaluation criteria?
    • motivation for „free” labour?
    • neccesity to search for new ways of making profit
    J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  • J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  • How does hybryd economy work?
  • Wikipedia principles
    • Robustness principle ( Postel's Law ) :
    • Be conservative in what you do; be liberal in what you accept
    • Three original principles:
    • minimum of rules :
    • ignore all rules if they hinder creating a good encyclopaedia
    • no „warden s ”
    • no copyright infringement
    • NPoV
    • 2. discussion (a discussion page)
    • 3. people
    J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  • Five Wikipedia pillars
    • Wikipedia is an encyclopedia .
    •  
    • Wikipedia has a neutral point of view .
    •  
    • Wikipedia is free content that anyone can edit and distribute.
    •  
    • Wikipedians should interact in a respectful and civil manner .
    •  
    • Wikipedia does not have firm rules besides the five general principles presented here
    J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  • Wikipedia – problem solving
    • discussion (common ground reached through compromise not through a majority vote)
    • mediation
    • „ locks” on controversial entries
    • blocking vandals
    • sharing of responsibilites among users (editors)
    J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  • Wikipedia – a symbol of success
    • over 15 million articles (over 3.3 million in English)
    • up-to-date information (entries on latest news)
    • in-depth research behind controversial entries
    • Nature 2005 report: equal number of mistakes found on Wikipedia and Encyclopaedia Britannica
    J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  • Wikipedia – a summary
    • Wikipedia – a social structure?
    • „ netizenship”
    • common goals and interests
    • subsidiarity
    • Creative Commons licenses
    • semiotic democracy
    • QUALITY over QUANTITY
    J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  • Law of cyber-communities Law of cyberspace
  • Cyber-communities
    • Community is a group of individuals with a common goal and interests , where social ties and relations form a complete and ordered scheme
    •  
    • Cyber-community is a community based on a particular form of communication (Internet) with a common rules, the breach of which may cause restriction of member rights or elimination from the group
    J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  • Law of cyber-communities?
    • How to identify rules common to all cyber-communities?
    J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  • Law of the nations – jus gentium
    • Jus gentium – in Roman Empire a customary regulation , used to shape the relations among the non-citizens
    • based on two pilars:
    • mutual trust ( fides)
    • equity ( aeguitas)
    J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  • Law of the nations – jus gentium
    • contents of the jus gentium norms were shaped by two sets of rules:
    • law of nature (rules common to all humans) and
    • religious law
    • the custom allowed for the creation of positive law:
    •  international law
    J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  • Law of cyber-communities – jus Internet
    • rules common to all cyber-communities
    • contents: ethical norms common to all cyber-communities (D. Post: „civic virtue”)
    • form: custom , eventually evolving into statutory law
    • way of implementation : computer code (L. Lessig: „on the Internet code is law”)
    • source of power : common interest , eventually: force of law (Internet Framework Convention)
    J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  • Thank you for your attention Jus Internet Wikipedia and the future of law of the Internet Joanna Kulesza [email_address]