Three-Dimensional Figures Prism – a 3D solid with two parallel, congruent faces called bases Pyramid – a 3D solid with one base that is any polygon; the other faces are triangles Cylinder – a 3D solid that has two parallel, congruent circular bases connected with a curved side
Surface Area Surface area refers to the sum of the areas of all the surfaces of a 3D figure. Also called Total Surface Area (TSA) Examples: wrapping paper orange
Lateral Surface Area Lateral surface area of a solid only includes the faces or surfaces that make up the sides of the solid (not the base(s)) Examples: Soup can label
With a partner, you will determine the surface area of various geometric solids. How Do You Find the Surface Area of a Solid?
4*s2 where s = length of side 6*s2 4*s*h, where s=length of side of base, h = height (2*s2)+(4*s*h) 3*s*h, where s=length of side of base, h = height of prism (3*s*h)+(s*a) where a=altitude of triangle 3/2*s*l, where s=length of side of base, l=slant height (1/2*s*a)+(3/2*s*l) where a =altitude of triangle at base 2*s*l, where s=length of side of base, l=slant height s2 + (2*s*l) 2*π*r*h, where r = radius, h = height (2*π*r2)+(2*π*r*h)
Practice Both containers hold about the same amount of pineapple juice. Does the box or the can have a greater surface area? 5 cm 9 cm 9 cm 6 cm 5 cm
Practice Surface Area of can 9 cm 6 cm
Practice Surface Area of box 5 cm 9 cm 5 cm
Practice Since 230cm2 > 288.2cm2, the box has a greater surface area.
Practice – Architecture The Louvre museum in Paris has a huge square glass pyramid at the entrance with a slant height of about 92 feet. Its square base is 116 feet on each side. How much glass did it take to cover the pyramid?
Practice Find the lateral area only since the bottom of the pyramid is not covered in glass. 92 feet 116 feet