Tma 2 observations of an expert and a novice teacher


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Tma 2 observations of an expert and a novice teacher

  1. 1. TMA 2 Observation of a Novice and Expert Teacher I. My Learning IntentAs a student-teacher, I would like to observe and record on separate accounts my observations of twoteachers: a novice and an expert. For my observation of the new teacher, I want to see how a she willdemonstrate fresh ideas she had learned from her studies and evaluate if it is effective to the students. Ilike to know how her underlying philosophy in teaching reflects as she teaches students. It’s alsointeresting to witness what are the things a novice teacher does from preparation to implementationand evaluation of the entire lesson and see her strengths and weaknesses in the process. As a studentmyself, I would like to evaluate if it’s indeed effective and relevant to students.To the Expert teacher, I specifically want to know what had developed in her through the years ofteaching and if it had a good or bad effects on how she handle her students. I would also give sometime to have an interview with her and ask about her experiences as a teacher and how she developedher skills through years of experiences.For both teachers, I want to compare how they would draw the student to their subject, to activities andto themselves as well. I want to ask questions like: What are their strategies and method? Is it effective?I believe that an interesting subject doesn’t guarantee an interesting learning experience, and aninteresting teacher could make a boring or hard subject easy and interesting.My analysis is divided into three parts: analysis of the new teacher, analysis of the expert and acomparison between their teaching philosophy, method and effectiveness. I would like to know howthey administer and implement the following: classroom management, lesson procedure andassessment. I would also like to see their different styles and strategies in thinking and how theycommunicate their lesson to the students.Joan Hope Elgincolin2011-82314 Page 1
  2. 2. TMA 2 Observation of a Novice and Expert Teacher II. My ObservationsThe Novice TeacherMs. Rona had just started teaching in ourschool June this year. She is from Bicol andshe already had a background in teachingscience to high school students. She nowhandles the grade 5 and grade 6 sciencesubjects. Each class has 36 students andevery class runs up to 50 minutes once aweek. She teaches the class in two ways:classroom lessons and laboratory. She explained to me that all the theories and topics are discussed inthe classroom lessons, while laboratory classes are held after the classroom lessons which serve aspractical lesson or activity. The class that I observed was a classroom lesson since their laboratory willstill be done at the middle or at the end of the semester.She started the class with greetings and checking of classroom attendance. Without furtherintroduction, she continued the class by reviewing their lesson last week. She’s picking random studentsand asked them about the different kinds of diseases they have learned. Most of the students shepicked were those who were very naughty in the class and didn’t pay attention to her. When theycannot answer her question, she will tell the class that the reason why these students didn’t know theanswer was because they didn’t listen to her last week and they were probably sleeping during thattime. This kind of random picking lasted to almost 15 minutes.Joan Hope Elgincolin2011-82314 Page 2
  3. 3. TMA 2 Observation of a Novice and Expert TeacherThe whole classroom atmosphere is quite a disaster, students do different things. Some students at theback are doing other assignments, some are talking to one another, some are fiddling things and othersare just sitting staring at the board or ceiling. Yet, in spite of this situation, I can see that Ms. Rona istrying her best to catch the students’ attention. When she gets angry, students will be quiet for a littlewhile and then once their attention is lost, they keep on doing different things again. This happenedover and over again, like a cycle.As I look at the students, majority is still listening but they are not in sitting properly. Some of themlooked bored and exhausted probably because it’s almost noon and lunch will follow after this class. Shethen proceeds to continue on informing the students about the other kinds of diseases and the twoways they get sick, environment and inherited. She now continued on describing each disease likedifferent cancers, hepatitis, meningitis etc. She also explains what these diseases make to peoples body.The students sounded like they are “sickened” on the things that she was explaining. After that she saidthat they will continue again next week for more diseases and probably a test. I observe that she waswalking around the classroom while she explains the various diseases. Unfortunately she didn’t have anypictures or visual aids to support her lesson, but she had written the information n the whiteboard usingvery small letters which makes it hard for the students to read and almost without ink on top of that.Joan Hope Elgincolin2011-82314 Page 3
  4. 4. TMA 2 Observation of a Novice and Expert TeacherThe Expert Teacher For the expert teacher, I observe the class of Ms. Arlene, she has been teaching in our school for almost 9 years and prior to that she already spent some years teaching back in the Philippines. She teaches grade 2 and she is also their homeroom teacher or advisor. She was teaching English when I observe here. Ms Arlene is on the left sideI was actually quite surprised when I approached her prior to the observation and I told her that I wantto observe her class and I was a bit shy because I know it always feel awkward for people to observe youwhen you are teaching especially your principal or supervisor, but she was so positive and she just saidyes nonchalant, and she said she is not the kind of teacher who is afraid to be observe. She told me shereally doesn’t care and I can go whatever time is comfortable to me and I can observe as long as I canand as many as I want, that was quite encouraging to me.So as I enter the classroom she told the class to greet me and also told them they are being observed sothey need to be quite. She then proceeds to give instructions on writing in English. Her lesson is aboutwriting your name, your favorite day and the reason why you like it. Her class is quite noisy, and a lot ofstudents ask a lot questions, I assume that this really happens in younger classes. But she patientlyanswer the questions of each students, she then announce that they only have 35 minutes to finish theentire activity. She then continues on walking and roams around the room checking the works andprogress of her students.Joan Hope Elgincolin2011-82314 Page 4
  5. 5. TMA 2 Observation of a Novice and Expert TeacherShe gives comments and teaches collectively if there’s the same question for most of the students. Shealso encourages students to be creative and think for themselves. Unfortunately her students look likethey cannot think to express themselves because of their limited vocabulary in English. I was remindedby her story last time that she actually can compare the Thai students to her students in the Philippinesand she told me that Filipino students are far better writers and spellers in English.AT the end of the lesson she announce the end of their activity, the students rushes to her to pass theirwork and she checked it one by one to her disappointment that some of the students just copied whatshe written on the board without adding anything on their own. She said “Oh no idea. What kind ofwork is this?” I think she was quite disappointed about the work of the class and she told the class thatthey are going to continue the activity next week.Joan Hope Elgincolin2011-82314 Page 5
  6. 6. TMA 2 Observation of a Novice and Expert Teacher III. My AnalysisAnalysis on the Novice TeacherGeneralMs. Rona is an expert in her field, and Expert is one of her teaching style. Her method is a combinationof an Expert and Authoritarian type. As an expert she shares her expertise through explaining thecomplex ideas as easy as possible. I observe that students who cannot understand the terms and theexplanation of the teacher don’t give much attention compare to a teacher who uses simple words andexplanation. Ms. Rona gives examples and relates her lesson to the student’s daily life. She made herlesson easy to understand so that her student will not be overwhelmed with complex terms.Teaching StyleAlso one of her style is Formal Authority. She’s good in explaining her lesson but she’s not that verymuch connected with her students that is the disadvantage of an Authoritative style. Her expectationsand goals for her students are clear at the onset of the class, but this type of style is effective in a well-managed class, but since her class is quite a problematic class so she needs to be flexible on how tomanage the class.Classroom ManagementCalling the attention of the students who are not listening is a classic method that Ms. Rona is doing inher class. Though it has been proven to be an effective tool to direct student’s attention to the lesson,yet it still varies on the student’s behavior and teacher’s disposition. Unfortunately, I can say that herimplementation was not successful. For the whole duration of class, she didn’t vary her style onclassroom management. She just kept on calling their attention and sometime asked them questions.Joan Hope Elgincolin2011-82314 Page 6
  7. 7. TMA 2 Observation of a Novice and Expert TeacherI think she needs to have a back-up style when it comes to classroom management. If the situationdoesn’t change, she could have asked herself, “What could I do next?’, “Is there better way to managemy naughty students?”. This skill varies from teacher to teacher and can be developed through years inteaching.Resources and ActivitiesIn the area of resources and activities, Ms. Rona didn’t have any. It’s obvious that she’s an expert in hersubject and understands the lesson well, but she didn’t bring any material to support her lesson. Therewas no evidence of using visual aids. With her lesson about different diseases, it would be moreappropriate if she had shown some pictures of people with the diseases she was discussing. Anotherthing that I think should be improved is her writing. It was very small that the students at the back foundit hard to read it. Last point for improvement is utilizing her resources to create an enjoyable activity toreinforce the lesson. This does not only reflect and show the students understanding, it also clearsanything that confused them.Relationship with the StudentsOne very good characteristic a teacher should have is a genuine interest to her students and Ms. Ronahas it. Although she lacks some of the creative skills in classroom management and teaching style, she isundoubtedly a likeable teacher. She really shows her care for them and is very keen in tracking herstudent’s progress. Even during the discussion, she accommodates students who are asking forclarification. At the end of the lesson, she also guides those students who ask questions about their nextassignment. This especial pastoral care demonstrated outside the classroom is a very good quality ateacher should nurture within because not only it helps the students to have respect on you, they arealso motivated to learn from the teacher who cares them individually.Joan Hope Elgincolin2011-82314 Page 7
  8. 8. TMA 2 Observation of a Novice and Expert TeacherAnalysis on the Expert TeacherGeneralAt the onset of the class, Ms. Arlene is very relaxed yet without losing her sense of control. She startedher lesson by giving an example for the students to follow then during the activity time, she used thequestions of the students to be a platform for broadening the scope of her lesson which are actuallyequally important and related to her original lesson. Example, she teaches the students the right spellingand corrects their writing if needed. She also answers her students’ questions although sometimes it’stiring because they almost have the same questions, yet she still does it with grace.Teaching StyleMs. Arlene’s style in teaching is more of a model and a facilitator. During my interview with her, she saidto me that her teaching style depends on the student’s learning style. Her goal is to meet the needs ofthe students, and as a teacher, she is the one who will adjust herself to suit their needs. I think that isone of the hallmarks of an expert teacher. You should be sensitive to your students and flexible enoughto accommodate their special needs.Classroom ManagementIn terms of classroom management, it is given that within the period of transition from a discussion todoing an activity, students could be noisy. One of the things that I noticed was even though I thoughtMs, Arlene has given the direction clearly most students have still questions. Unfortunately, they askalmost the same question. There are also “special students” inside the classroom which are quitedomineering in making the class uncontrollable. I think that, even expert teachers can still haveproblems with classroom management. They can have the skills and the style, but at the end, it alldepends on the students’ behavior.Joan Hope Elgincolin2011-82314 Page 8
  9. 9. TMA 2 Observation of a Novice and Expert TeacherResources and ActivitiesMs. Arlene is the homeroom teacher of the G2 class and she teaches all the core subjects. She had put alot of informative materials in the room. She decorated the walls with alphabets and phonics as well. Infront of the whiteboard are more colorful pictures of things that I think was related to their lesson lastweek. Over-all, the classroom is neat, tidy and beautiful. Since she is teaching them English writing, theresources that she can use is limited. One good thing that I can compliment her is her good hand writing.She writes with big letters so that even the students at the back can see it. She had also providedexamples so that students can have some ideas. Her activity on writing is very interesting and student-centered. The task is not hard since the students will just talk about their favorite day and why they likeit.Relationship with the StudentsMs. Arlene told me also that one of the things that she learned from teaching is “In teaching, not onlyyou should know your student; you should also understand your student”. You will teach better if youknow them well. And knowing your student is not limited about know their level in knowledge, skills andlearning style, moreover, it is also about knowing their family background. From time to time, she wouldpick one of her students during break time and talk to them. She would ask about their dreams whenthey grow up and also about their family. She would also ask them to tell her about their interests likecomputer games, after school lessons, weekend activities and other things.Joan Hope Elgincolin2011-82314 Page 9
  10. 10. TMA 2 Observation of a Novice and Expert Teacher IV. My ReflectionsThrough my observations with Ms. Rona and Ms. Arlene, I have witnessed how hard it is to teach. Yes,teaching is indeed a laborious work. The skills and knowledge you need to continuously develop, thecountless hours devoted on preparing for every single lesson, to implement and to materialize what youhad planned, to monitor the student’s development and on top of that do and report assessment. Thoseare the core responsibilities of the teacher as a teacher. As a colleague, you also need to participate onmeetings and school activities. Although it’s true that as time pass and as you gain experience,preparation in teaching will be relatively easy but again, the execution of your lessons and monitoring,those are the activities that always requires focus and energy.I’m glad to see old teachers become expert teachers, the skills and knowledge, their methods andtechnique along with their philosophy in teaching grow as they keep on teaching. Someone said, “Anovice artist needs an inspiration before he can create, but an expert artist only needs the materials.”The idea when applied to teachers is this, most young teachers are idealistic as they start their career,some of them already give up easily, but for those who had endured the labor of teaching, these peoplebecome an expert in their own field. They have not only survived and endured; they have become anexpert because they just do what they need to do. You don’t teach for yourself, you teach for thechildren. I still honestly believe that teaching is for everyone. You don’t need to study education beforeyou can teach, but of course if you want to teach in a formal school, you really need an education. Butthe thing is everyone should not lose the passion to teach, especially teachers. Emotions anddepressions in teachings come and go through the years, but let’s not make these things affect thequality of our teaching. Instead of focusing on our ideals and how things are not going on our way, let’skeep on making things happen rather than complain. There are old teachers who at the end of theircareer can say they had a great time, and there some who regret their chosen path.Joan Hope Elgincolin2011-82314 Page 10
  11. 11. TMA 2 Observation of a Novice and Expert TeacherIn my observation and based on my experience as a teacher I can say that the heart of teaching lies inthe desire for your student to learn. You want them to learn, so you plan, prepare and teach so that theywill learn. Generally, new teachers have this kind of passion in their hearts as they start their teachingcareer, the struggle comes when you encounter a difficult student, handle a problematic class and yourworking environment is terribly uncomfortable. Even expert teachers are overwhelmed with big sizeclasses and poor building infrastructure, no supplies from the department and you even need to buy itfor yourself. Deep in your heart you want to meet your students learning style individually but you areoverwhelmed by the class size and terrible surroundings. It is indeed a laborious and a noble profession.Quality education in my opinion is the summation of many things like: quality teacher, environment andinfrastructure, other facilities and technology equipments and smaller classes. Realistically speaking,most schools in the Philippines don’t have good facilities and we have overpopulated classes. How canwe still ensure quality education inspired of this negative factors? The key of a quality education is aquality teacher; it is the teacher who maximizes the resources she has and uses it effectively in her class.We can survive of we have teachers who are committed, dedicated and innovative in their own field.Through my observation, I can have come to understand that the effectiveness of any teaching methoddepends on the following factors: particular situation, teacher’s personality, student’s learning style andbehavior. Each class has its own class behavior in general, and your method in one class may not beeffective in another class. Each student is different. They differ in almost every aspect. They havedifferent interests, different learning styles and different needs. Most of the time, their interest,learning styles and needs are influenced by their family background, peers and personality. But thoughthey are uniquely different, they are all equally children.Joan Hope Elgincolin2011-82314 Page 11
  12. 12. TMA 2 Observation of a Novice and Expert TeacherBut I think one of the challenges a teacher always face is how to meet the needs of the individuallearner. Yes, it is indeed a challenge. Why? Because learning is personal, it’s not the class who learns butthe students. And through my classroom observations and personal experiences I have written areflection on about the things that hinder students’ learning and practical advice that helped me in mypersonal teaching.What hinders students to learn?1. No interest to the subject.2. Forced by their parents.3. They don’t like the teacher.4. They don’t understand the subject.Principles I observed that works well on each kids.1. They like to do things where they excel.2. They get excited when given a challenge. (Of course, this should not be overwhelming; otherwise, thekids are discouraged.)3. They like to learn with other kids, but sometimes they also want to learn individually.4. They can be easily persuades by their peers.5. They like competitions.6. The aura of the teacher affects the behavior of the kids. If you cannot connect with your students,meaning you cannot understand them. Also, you cannot communicate yourself effectively. You need toevaluate things, cause if you don’t care, it would affect three things:a. Immediate result: you are teaching ineffectively (you’re not going to enjoy your job)b. Future result: you can get used with your bad teaching habits. You’ll be known as a boring, badteacher.c. Your students will suffer.7. Kids are manipulative (you should have know that this time). So teachers should be careful in dealingwith these kids. Some of them are irrational in reasoning. So better to be fair in all you do. No one likesfavoritism, be fair in all you do, and be consistent. (This could be awkward or hurtful on most situationsbut once the students known you for who you are, they are going to be careful next time)Joan Hope Elgincolin2011-82314 Page 12