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Paises

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Paises Paises Presentation Transcript

  • México • The most populous Spanish speaking country • There are places in Mexico where people speak more than 30 languages • Mexico’s capital (Mexico, D.F.) is one of the largest cities in the world. • Currency: Peso • President: Enrique Peña Nieto
  • CUBA • Capital; La Habana • Dictador: Raúl Castro • Moneda: el peso cubano • the blue bands refer to the three old divisions of the island: central, occidental, and oriental; the white bands describe the purity of the independence ideal; the triangle symbolizes liberty, equality, and fraternity, while the red color stands for the blood shed in the independence struggle; the white star, called La Estrella Solitaria (the Lone Star) lights the way to freedom and was taken from the flag of Texas
  • La Republica Dominicana • Capital: Santo Domingo • Presidente: Danilo Medina Sanchez • Moneda: Peso • In the 1950’s and 60’s the Dictator Trujillo ruled the Dominican Republic. On November 25 Trujillo had the Miribal sisters killed because they were leading a revolution. This day is now known to be International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women. • blue stands for liberty, white for salvation, and red for the blood of heroes
  • Puerto Rico • Capital: San Juan • Presidente: Barack Obama • Moneda: USD • Puerto Rico is an unincorporated territory of the United States • the white star symbolizes Puerto Rico; the three sides of the triangle signify the executive, legislative and judicial parts of the government; blue stands for the sky and the coastal waters; red symbolizes the blood shed by warriors, while white represents liberty, victory, and peace
  • Guatemala • Capital: Guatemala • President: Otto Fernando Perez Molina • Guatemala is the most populous country in Central America • the blue bands stand for the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea and the sea and sky; the white band denotes peace and purity • the coat of arms includes a green and red quetzal (the national bird) representing liberty and a scroll bearing the inscription LIBERTAD 15 DE SEPTIEMBRE DE 1821 (the original date of independence from Spain) all superimposed on a pair of crossed rifles signifying Guatemala's willingness to defend itself and a pair of crossed swords representing honor and framed by a laurel wreath symbolizing victory
  • El Salvador • Capital: San Salvador • Presidente: Carlos Mauricio Funes Cartagena • Moneda: US Dollar • El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839. • the blue bands symbolize the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, while the white band represents the land between the two bodies of water, as well as peace and prosperity
  • Honduras • Capital: Tegucigalpa • President: Porfirio Lobo Sosa • Currency: Honduran lempira • the stars represent the members of the former Federal Republic of Central America - Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua; the blue bands symbolize the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea; the white band represents the land between the two bodies of water and the peace and prosperity of its people
  • Nicaragua • Capital: Managua • Presidente: José Daniel Ortega Saavedra • Moneda: Córdoba • the banner is based on the former blue-white- blue flag of the Federal Republic of Central America; the blue bands symbolize the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, while the white band represents the land between the two bodies of water
  • Costa Rica • Capital: San José • Presidente: Laura Chinchilla Miranda • Moneda: Colón • Pura Vida is one of the main sayings in Costa Rica, it means litterally pure life, but is used like ‘great life’ • today the blue color is said to stand for the sky, opportunity, and perseverance, white denotes peace, happiness, and wisdom, while red represents the blood shed for freedom, as well as the generosity and vibrancy of the people
  • Panamá • Capital: Panamá • Presidente: Ricardo Martinelli Berrocal • Moneda: Balboa, U.S. Dollar • The Panama Canal was built by the US Army Corps of Engineers between 1904 and 1914. In 1977, an agreement was signed for the complete transfer of the Canal from the US to Panama by the end of the century • the blue and red colors are those of the main political parties (Conservatives and Liberals respectively) and the white denotes peace between them; the blue star stands for the civic virtues of purity and honesty, the red star signifies authority and law
  • Venezuela • Capital: caracas • Presidente: Nicolás Maduro Moros • Moneda: Bolívar Fuerte • yellow is interpreted as standing for the riches of the land, blue for the courage of its people, and red for the blood shed in attaining independence; the seven stars on the original flag represented the seven provinces in Venezuela that united in the war of independence
  • Colombia • Capital: Bogotá • Presidente: Juan Manuel Santos Calderon • Moneda: Peso • Colombia was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others are Ecuador and Venezuela). • yellow for the gold in Colombia's land, blue for the seas on its shores, and red for the blood spilled in attaining freedom
  • • Capital: Quito • Presidente: Rafael Correa Delgado • Moneda: U.S. Dollar • Because of its location at the equator, Ecuador experiences little variation in daylight hours during the course of a year. Both sunrise and sunset occur each day at the two six o'clock hours • the yellow color represents sunshine, grain, and mineral wealth, blue the sky, sea, and rivers, and red the blood of patriots spilled in the struggle for freedom and justice Ecuador
  • • Capital: Lima • Presidente: Ollanta Humala Tasso • Moneda: Nuevo Sol • Machu Picchu is considered by some to be one of the 7 wonders of the world • Machu Picchu was built around 1450, at the height of the Inca Empire. It was abandoned just over 100 years later, in 1572, as a belated result of the Spanish Conquest. • The red recalls blood shed for independence, white symbolizes peace Peru
  • Bolivia • La capital: La Paz/Sucre • El presidente: Juan Evo Morales Ayma • La moneda: Boliviano • The weather in Bolivia can vary drastically from one climatic zone to another. The summer months in Bolivia are November through March. The weather is typically warmer and wetter during these months. April through October, the winter months, are typically colder and drier. • red stands for bravery and the blood of national heroes, yellow for the nation's mineral resources, and green for the fertility of the land
  • Paraguay • Capital: Asunción • Presidente: Luis Federico Franco Gomez • Moneda: Guaraní • The music of Paraguay, which consists of lilting polkas, bouncy galopas, and languid guaranías is played on the native harp. • red symbolizes bravery and patriotism, white represents integrity and peace, and blue denotes liberty and generosity
  • Uruguay • Capital: Montevideo • Presidente: José ‘Pepe’ Mujica Cordano • Moneda: Uruguayan Peso • the stripes represent the nine original departments of Uruguay; the sun symbol evokes the legend of the sun breaking through the clouds on 25 May 1810 as independence was first declared from Spain
  • Chile • Capital: Santiago • Presidente: Sebastián Piñera Echenique • Moneda: Peso • Chile's most famous poet, however, is Pablo Neruda, who also won the Nobel Prize for Literature (1971) and is world-renowned for his extensive library of works on romance, nature, and politics. • the square bears a white five-pointed star in the center representing a guide to progress and honor; blue symbolizes the sky, white is for the snow-covered Andes, and red represents the blood spilled to achieve independence
  • Argentina • Capital: Buenos Aires • Presidente: Cristina Fernández de Kirchner • Moneda: Peso • Tango, the music and lyrics (often sung in a form of slang called lunfardo), is Argentina's musical symbol. • the colors represent the clear skies and snow of the Andes; the sun symbol commemorates the appearance of the sun through cloudy skies on 25 May 1810 during the first mass demonstration in favor of independence
  • España • La capital: Madrid • El Rey: Juan Carlos • La moneda: Euro • The most well known artist from Spain is Pablo Picasso. • the red and yellow colors are related to those of the oldest Spanish kingdoms: Aragon, Castile, Leon, and Navarre