Born on September 16, 1885, Germany Youngest, only daughter, of a Ship Captain and his second wife. Victorian upbringing - religion Romantic tendencies towards an older brother. Became a teacher for 3 years to save for medical school. Triggered by misogynist articles
Married a successful lawyer, Oskar Horney. Produced 3 daughters. Death of family members 1913 – Interest in Psychoanalysis Visits to Karl Abraham, disciple of Freud 1926 – divorce from Husband, transfer to the US. 1952 – Died in her sleep
Social and cultural conditions, especially childhood experiences, are largely responsible for shaping personality.
People whose need for love and affection satisfied develop basic hostility towards their parents and eventually, basic anxiety.
Moving Toward People Moving Against People Moving Away from People Normal individuals do this but neurotics tend to rigidly on one.
1. Emphasis on culture in shaping personality.2. Importance of Childhood experiences.3. Neuroses is a result of man’s attempts to find the paths through a wilderness of unknown dangers.
When safety and satisfaction is not felt by the child. Refusal of parents to love their children. Interwoven with Basic Hostility
8. NEED FOR AMBITION 9. NEED FOR INDEPENDENCE 9. NEED FOR PERFECTION
NORMAL DEFENSES NEUROTIC DEFENSES Spontaneous Movement Compulsive Movement Toward People Toward People ▪ Friendly & loving ▪ compliant Against People Against People ▪ Survivor in a ▪ aggressive competitive society Away from People Away from People ▪ detached ▪ Autonomous, serene