Final review

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Final review

  1. 1. Explanation: This is not a complete thought, so it cannot stand alone. It also does not contain a verb (a complete sentence always contains a main noun and verb.
  2. 2. Explanation: This is the only sentence that contains both a main noun and verb and can stand alone as a complete thought. D is not a complete thought because of the phrase “Even though.” Keep in mind that fragments are not necessarily short. It’s all about whether there is a complete thought. You should hear that D would leave you hanging if you read it out loud.
  3. 3. Explanation: There are two complete thoughts in this sentence: 1) The show begins at 7:30 and 2) make sure you’re there before 7:15. The reason this is a run-on is that proper punctuation is not used to properly combined the two thoughts in the same sentence. Possible corrections: The show begins at 7:30; make sure you’re there before 7:15. The show begins at 7:30, so make sure you’re there before 7:15. The show begins at 7:30. Make sure you’re there before 7:15.
  4. 4. Explanation: Remember, run-on sentences are not necessarily based on the length of the sentence. It’s about the number of complete thoughts and whether they’re combined with correction punctuation. A, B, and C all have two complete thoughts, but they are not combined with correction punctuation. D uses correct punctuation (a comma and the conjunction “and”) to combine two complete thoughts. It is also a compound-complex sentence, so it happens to be long (but correctly punctuated), which is fine.
  5. 5. Explanation: A comma splice occurs when there is only a comma joining two complete thoughts. To find comma splices, look for the comma, and then look on each side of it. Is there a complete thought (that can stand alone as its own sentence) on each side of it? If so, then you’ve found the comma splice. That means B is the correct answer. A is not a comma splice because there is a conjunction (so) along with the comma. In B, there is only a complete thought after the comma (the part before is not complete because of the word “because”). C is the same situation (“When” makes the part before the comma incomplete.
  6. 6. Explanation: D correctly uses a comma after an introductory clause (“while I am not an expert). A and C use commas entirely incorrectly. D includes a comma splice, which is an incorrect use of the comma.
  7. 7. Explanation: A correctly uses a comma before the conjunction because there is a complete thought on each side of the conjunction. B needs a comma added before “so” because there is a complete thought on each side of the conjunction. C contains a comma splice. D is a run-on sentence (with no punctuation between the complete thoughts).
  8. 8. Explanation: A thesis statement should always make a claim (the writer’s opinion) on the topic. The thesis statement should also capture the main idea as specifically as possible to give focus to the essay. It should also preview the main points in the body of the essay. With those three criteria in mind, C does this the best. A and D do make a claim, but they are very broad. B is a little better and does make a claim, but it still isn’t as specific as it could be.
  9. 9. Explanation: The subject should always match with the verb in number: singular nouns with singular verbs and plural nouns with plural verbs. This gets tricky when certain pronouns seem plural, but they are actually singular (such as everyone, no one, someone, etc.). In D, “either one” is singular, so “is” should be used.
  10. 10. Explanation: The entries should be arranged in alphabetical order, by the author’s last name or the first major word in the entry (when no author is available).
  11. 11. Explanation: The Center for Disease control would be the most credible source of information about this topic, as this organization is most closely related to the topic. While good information could be found in the other sources, A is the best choice.
  12. 12. Explanation: Look for the best answer on questions like this. A is the correct (best) answer. B contains errors in the citation, and C does not need the url. D is not MLA (it’s APA).
  13. 13. Explanation: C is the correct answer. A is close, but it leaves off the medium of publication. B contains errors in the citation. D is not MLA format.
  14. 14. What paraphrase below is the best example of a paraphrase of the following quote? “Edgar Allan Poe makes us understand that the voluble murderer has been tortured by the nightmarish terrors he attributes to his victim..." (Gargano 16).
  15. 15. Explanation: C is the best answer. A has no citation, and it should. B and D are too close in wording and sentence structure to the original. What paraphrase below is the best example of a paraphrase of the following quote? “Edgar Allan Poe makes us understand that the voluble murderer has been tortured by the nightmarish terrors he attributes to his victim..." (Gargano 16).
  16. 16. Which of these is NOT an example of plagiarism? Passage: “In comparison with Byzantium or the caliphate, Europe west of the Elbe was for centuries after the Roman collapse an almost insignificant backwater. Its inhabitants felt themselves a beleaguered remnant and in a sense so they were.” J.M. Roberts, History of the World, p.312.
  17. 17. Which of these is NOT an example of plagiarism? Passage: “In comparison with Byzantium or the caliphate, Europe west of the Elbe was for centuries after the Roman collapse an almost insignificant backwater. Its inhabitants felt themselves a beleaguered remnant and in a sense so they were.” J.M. Roberts, History of the World, p.312. Explanation: B is the best answer. A has no citation, and it should. C and D are too close in wording and sentence structure to the original.
  18. 18. What is the purpose of this passage? Sex education is important, but many students finish sex education classes with a distorted view of sexuality and without a good understanding of contraception and safe-sex practices. Instead, children only learn that they should not have sex until they are married. Abstinence- only programs in public schools have become popular because of a law giving millions of dollars to schools that teach the programs. These programs have the good intention of persuading young people to wait until marriage before having sex, but abstinence-only programs are not achieving this goal , so they should not be used as the sole method of sex education.
  19. 19. What is the purpose of this passage? Sex education is important, but many students finish sex education classes with a distorted view of sexuality and without a good understanding of contraception and safe-sex practices. Instead, children only learn that they should not have sex until they are married. Abstinence- only programs in public schools have become popular because of a law giving millions of dollars to schools that teach the programs. These programs have the good intention of persuading young people to wait until marriage before having sex, but abstinence-only programs are not achieving this goal , so they should not be used as the sole method of sex education.
  20. 20. Who is most likely the audience of this passage? Once your enter college, you will quickly realize that mother is no longer there to take care of your every need so you can play Guitar Hero in your bedroom. That's not to say that you can't play Guitar Hero in your dorm room, it's just that as a college student, you must realize that now is the time for you to transition into adulthood. Growing pains, they call it. Here are some skills and concepts you must understand in order to maintain a normal and healthy life all throughout college (it wouldn't hurt to realize these things in high school rather than 2 years into your college education).
  21. 21. Who is most likely the audience of this passage? Once your enter college, you will quickly realize that mother is no longer there to take care of your every need so you can play Guitar Hero in your bedroom. That's not to say that you can't play Guitar Hero in your dorm room, it's just that as a college student, you must realize that now is the time for you to transition into adulthood. Growing pains, they call it. Here are some skills and concepts you must understand in order to maintain a normal and healthy life all throughout college (it wouldn't hurt to realize these things in high school rather than 2 years into your college education).

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