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  1. 1. Salman Rushdie<br />1947-<br />
  2. 2. Who is…<br />Salman Rushdie identifies as British Indian and was raised Muslim.<br />He is a citizen of the UK with Indian ancestry.<br />Remember, the British empire ruled over India until 1947!<br />
  3. 3. Who is…<br />Salman Rushdie is a father and husband.<br />
  4. 4. Who is…?<br />S<br />Salman Rushdie is a famous<br />Author. He has written over 15 novels, and numerous essays.<br />
  5. 5. Who is…?<br />Rushdie won The Man Booker Prize in 1981 for his novel Midnight’s Children.<br />The Booker Prize is a prestigious award given in England, like the American Pulitzer or National Book Award.<br />
  6. 6. Rushdie’s Work<br />Magical Realism: a genre where magical elements or illogical scenarios appear in otherwise realistic or “normal” settings.<br />His work often deals with the confusion and misunderstandings between 2 cultures, especially the east vs. the west.<br />Rushdie’s love of English is apparent in his wordplay and his fantastic, imaginative use of language.<br />
  7. 7. Who is…?<br />Unfortunately, one of the things he is most well known for is the FATWA placed on him in 1989.<br />
  8. 8. What is a FATWA?<br />According to Princeton University, a fatwa is a ruling on a point of Islamic law that is given by a recognized authority. <br />Thousands of fatwas have been issued to help guide followers of Islam on religious or spiritual matters.<br />Fatwas must be issued by a scholar of Islamic Law. The person that issues the fatwa is called a Mufti.<br />
  9. 9. Hold on….what does that have to do with Salman Rushdie?<br />The Satanic Verses was a novel published by Rushdie in 1988.<br />The book is controversial for its depiction of Muhammad and some verses in the Koran.<br />
  10. 10. More about The Satanic Verses<br />The novel was BANNED in India 9 days after it was published.<br />The book was BURNED at organized demonstrations in India, UK, and Muslim countries.<br />The book was so controversial and offensive to Muslims that Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini called for his execution in a Fatwa. <br />
  11. 11. What did that mean?<br />Writer Christopher Hitchens, a friend of Rushdie’s explains: “two decades ago the theocratic head of a foreign state offered a large sum of money, in his own name, in public, to suborn the murder of a writer of fiction who was not himself an Iranian. In the event that some would-be assassin died in the attempt and failed to pick up the dough, an immediate passage to paradise was assured.”<br />
  12. 12. The Outcome<br />Rushdie himself went into hiding for a decade, heavily protected by UK special forces. <br />The fatwa covered anyone who helped bring the novel to publication: his publisher was attacked, translators were murdered, bookstores carrying the book were firebombed. <br />
  13. 13. Haroun & the Sea of Stories<br />Published in 1990, it was the first book published after the Fatwa.<br />Rushdie dedicated the book to his son.<br />The novel is about a famous storyteller who all of a sudden loses his ability to weave and tell tales.<br />The son of the storyteller makes a fantastic, adventurous journey to save his father and to save stories.<br />
  14. 14. What about now?<br />The Fatwa is still in effect and can never be lifted since Khomeini died.<br />Rushdie now lives openly in the US and still publishes books.<br />He was made a Knight by the Queen of England in 2007.<br />
  15. 15. Long Lasting Effects<br />Many believe that the Satanic Verses affair has damaged the idea of Freedom of Speech.<br />Publishers of any kind of written material (even PlayStation games!) will not release them if there is any chance of “offending” Muslims.<br />Other artists have been targeted or killed (including a Danish political cartoonist).<br />
  16. 16. The Big Question<br />What is your right to Freedom of Speech worth to YOU?<br />
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