Who is… <ul><li>Salman Rushdie identifies as British Indian and was raised Muslim. </li></ul><ul><li>He is a citizen of the UK with Indian ancestry. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember, the British empire ruled over India until 1947! </li></ul>
Who is… <ul><li>Salman Rushdie is a father and husband. </li></ul>
Who is…? <ul><li>S </li></ul>Salman Rushdie is a famous Author. He has written over 15 novels, and numerous essays.
Who is…? <ul><li>Rushdie won The Man Booker Prize in 1981 for his novel Midnight’s Children. </li></ul><ul><li>The Booker Prize is a prestigious award given in England, like the American Pulitzer or National Book Award. </li></ul>
Rushdie’s Work <ul><li>Magical Realism: a genre where magical elements or illogical scenarios appear in otherwise realistic or “normal” settings. </li></ul><ul><li>His work often deals with the confusion and misunderstandings between 2 cultures, especially the east vs. the west. </li></ul><ul><li>Rushdie’s love of English is apparent in his wordplay and his fantastic, imaginative use of language. </li></ul>
Who is…? <ul><li>Unfortunately, one of the things he is most well known for is the FATWA placed on him in 1989. </li></ul>
What is a FATWA? <ul><li>According to Princeton University, a fatwa is a ruling on a point of Islamic law that is given by a recognized authority. </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands of fatwas have been issued to help guide followers of Islam on religious or spiritual matters. </li></ul><ul><li>Fatwas must be issued by a scholar of Islamic Law. The person that issues the fatwa is called a Mufti. </li></ul>
Hold on….what does that have to do with Salman Rushdie? <ul><li>The Satanic Verses was a novel published by Rushdie in 1988. </li></ul><ul><li>The book is controversial for its depiction of Muhammad and some verses in the Koran. </li></ul>
More about The Satanic Verses <ul><li>The novel was BANNED in India 9 days after it was published. </li></ul><ul><li>The book was BURNED at organized demonstrations in India, UK, and Muslim countries. </li></ul><ul><li>The book was so controversial and offensive to Muslims that Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini called for his execution in a Fatwa. </li></ul>
What did that mean? <ul><li>Writer Christopher Hitchens, a friend of Rushdie’s explains: “two decades ago the theocratic head of a foreign state offered a large sum of money, in his own name, in public, to suborn the murder of a writer of fiction who was not himself an Iranian. In the event that some would-be assassin died in the attempt and failed to pick up the dough, an immediate passage to paradise was assured.” </li></ul>
The Outcome <ul><li>Rushdie himself went into hiding for a decade, heavily protected by UK special forces. </li></ul><ul><li>The fatwa covered anyone who helped bring the novel to publication: his publisher was attacked, translators were murdered, bookstores carrying the book were firebombed. </li></ul>
Haroun & the Sea of Stories <ul><li>Published in 1990, it was the first book published after the Fatwa. </li></ul><ul><li>Rushdie dedicated the book to his son. </li></ul><ul><li>The novel is about a famous storyteller who all of a sudden loses his ability to weave and tell tales. </li></ul><ul><li>The son of the storyteller makes a fantastic, adventurous journey to save his father and to save stories. </li></ul>
What about now? <ul><li>The Fatwa is still in effect and can never be lifted since Khomeini died. </li></ul><ul><li>Rushdie now lives openly in the US and still publishes books. </li></ul><ul><li>He was made a Knight by the Queen of England in 2007. </li></ul>
Long Lasting Effects <ul><li>Many believe that the Satanic Verses affair has damaged the idea of Freedom of Speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Publishers of any kind of written material (even PlayStation games!) will not release them if there is any chance of “offending” Muslims. </li></ul><ul><li>Other artists have been targeted or killed (including a Danish political cartoonist). </li></ul>
The Big Question <ul><li>What is your right to Freedom of Speech worth to YOU? </li></ul>
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