How the Dutch Police Force consolidated 26 datacenters into eight.

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Presentation AFCOM DatacenterWorld 2008
Session F05: CASE STUDY.

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  • This is a case study of how the Dutch Police Force consolidated 26 smaller data centers into seven twin-center data centers and one high-secure data center. This was a six-year project that encompassed 55,000 workstations and approximately 60,000 employees. The discussion covers how they handled consolidation, availability (Tier I–IV), security, EU standards, disaster/recovery planning and more.
  • Oud naar nieuw
  • The Netherlands size: 41.528 km² [8] (18,41% water)
    Polulation: 16.105.285 (2002[9]), 16.372.715 (2007[10]) (394,3 / km² (2007))
    New Jersey size 22.608 km² (15,0% water)
    Polulation (2004) 8.698.879 (438,00/km²)
  • Historie in ICT
  • Vmware
    Legacy
  • Blauwdruk
    10 jaar
  • Twin-center
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CIA_triad#Key_concepts
  • http://datacenterjournal.com/index.php?Itemid=43&id=1358&option=com_content&task=view
  • How the Dutch Police Force consolidated 26 datacenters into eight.

    1. 1. F05: CASE STUDY: How the Dutch Police Force consolidated 26 datacenters into eight. Jan Wiersma
    2. 2. The Netherlands 4 30-01-15
    3. 3. The Netherlands • Constitutional monarchy • Size: – About 41.528 km2 – Population: 16.372.715 (2007) (This is 2x New Jersey state for size and population.) 5 30-01-15
    4. 4. 40% Below sea level
    5. 5. 7 30-01-15 Dutch Police Force 26 police regions 60.000 employees 55.000 workstations High secure and high available IT environment ?
    6. 6. 8 30-01-15 Information and communication: anytime , anywhere
    7. 7. 9 30-01-15 Emergency dispatch C2000 (EU TETRA standard)
    8. 8. 10 30-01-15 IT Division Mission: 1. Information sharing 2. Consolidation. (26 to 7+1) 3. Standardization. (single vendor policy) For the datacenter: 1. Capacity management. 2. Managing power and cooling issues.
    9. 9. Migration and Move Think about: • Project scope • Stakeholders • Project managers • Project planning Our scope: • Legacy • New Infrastructure • Virtualization ? • (-> new 24x7 SLA) • (- >Terrorism Prevention) 11 30-01-15
    10. 10. DC site selection DC (re)Build Consolidate (C&C (legacy &) new infrastructure Organization
    11. 11. 13 30-01-15 Datacenter Management & design Between facilities and ICT management Power Cooling Cabling Racks & physical infrastructure Management systems Physical security Fire protection
    12. 12. Datacenter tiers Tier 1: composed of a single path for power and cooling distribution, without redundant components, providing 99.671% availability. Tier II: composed of a single path for power and cooling distribution, with redundant components, providing 99.741% availability Tier III: composed of multiple active power and cooling distribution paths, but only one path active, has redundant components, and is concurrently maintainable, providing 99.982% availability Tier IV: composed of multiple active power and cooling distribution paths, has redundant components, and is fault tolerant, providing 99.995% availability. (The Uptime Institute) 14 30-01-15
    13. 13. Tiers • near Tier-3 data center ? Tier-3 plus ? • Look for the weakst link…. 15 30-01-15
    14. 14. 7x twin-center setup with min 5km and max 35km fiber connection
    15. 15. EU standaards 17 30-01-15 EN 50173-5 Information technology – Data Centers. Smaller scope than TIA942 but from a European perspective. BS/EN1047 - 2:2000 European standard providing clearly defined performance criteria for operating conditions within rooms and containers ie; R60D for Data Rooms and C60D for Data Containers.
    16. 16. Relationship of CENELEC Standards 18 30-01-15
    17. 17. Physical location TIA – 942 Data Centre Location Recommendations: • The building should not be in the flight path of any nearby airports. • The building should be no closer than 0.8 km (½ mile) from a railroad or major interstate highway to minimize risk of chemical spills. • The building should not be within 0.4 km (¼ mile) of an airport, research lab, chemical plant, landfill, river, coastline, or dam. • The building should not be within 0.8 km (½ mile) of a military base. • The building should not be within 1.6 km (1 mile) of nuclear, munitions, or defence plant. • The building should not be located adjacent to a foreign embassy. • The building should not be located in high crime areas. • EMC risks must be minimised by locating away from radar transmitters and mobile ‘phone masts. • The building should not be located below sea level or flood area’s. 19 30-01-15
    18. 18. Security (1) Think layers 20 30-01-15
    19. 19. Security (2) 21 30-01-15 Threat Type Threat Security Design Considerations Vandal Malicious damage ……. Harden facility using cage, fencing, locks Use appropriate signage and lighting Provide intrusion alarm ……… Criminal Equipment theft ……. Chain and lock portable equipment Install card access system …….. Saboteur/Terrorist Destroy or disable facility systems Injure employees …… Install CCTV at facility perimeter Install alarmed entry …….. Insider/Additional Considerations Revenge, personal gain …….. Restrict access by job function ……
    20. 20. Fire detection and suppression • Type of fire detection. • Types of fire suppression. • Fire rating interior walls. 22 30-01-15
    21. 21. Power • Power distribution in the Netherlands. • Emergency power (GenSet / UPS) • Blade servers 24 30-01-15
    22. 22. Cooling • Blade servers • Water cooling ? • Raised floor still needed ? 25 30-01-15
    23. 23. Cable infrastructure • The ‘TIA942-way’ • Copper cable (CAT5 / 6 / 7 ) • Fiber cable (OS1 / OM2 / OM3) 26 30-01-15
    24. 24. Green ? European Comission: The EU code of Conduct for Data Centres (draft). http://re.jrc.cec.eu.int/energyefficiency/html/standby_initiative_data%20centers.htm (using The Green Grid metrics) The European GreenBuilding Programme. http://re.jrc.cec.eu.int/energyefficiency/ 27 30-01-15
    25. 25. Gartner: Know your IT and Data Center Infrastructure strategy or vision and shape it to your organization – be cautious of vendor driven visions. (Keynote address at Gartner’s 26th Annual Data Center Conference) One size does NOT fit all 28 30-01-15
    26. 26. Questions ? 29 30-01-15 jan.wiersma@vtspn.nl
    27. 27. Codes and Regulations to Consider • Physical location of the data centre (Insurance Codes) • TIA 942 / EN 50173-5 • Health and Human Safety (National Codes) • Physical sizing and capabilities codes (power, cooling, etc.) • Electrical and utility systems to and within the data centre (utility codes) • Fire minimization, detection, alarm and suppression (Fire Codes) • Civil Security and Emergency Codes (Police and Fire Codes) • Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) (ASHRAE Standards) • Communications Cabling within and to the data centre (TIA Standards) • Cabling containment within the data centre (including raised floors) • Information Technology Equipment (Equipment Vendor Requirements) • Security, Access and CCTV (Privacy Codes) • Data Security and Recovery (National and International regulations) • NEN-EN-IEC 62347 Guidance on system dependability specifications 31 30-01-15

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