During the 1920s and 1930s, many white Americans enjoyed seeing and listening to African-American jazz and blues performed by white musicians.
They often objected to experiencing the music as performed by the original black artists, but found it acceptable when the music was performed by whites.
A few black rhythm and blues musicians achieved crossover success with whites and blacks, but most were rewarded with poverty and eventual obscurity.
In 1951, Alan Freed (Cleveland, Ohio) began playing this type of music for a multi-racial audience.
Freed is credited with coining the phrase "rock and roll" to describe the rollicking R&B music tradition.
Alan Freed Inducted 1986
“ Midnight Special” " Midnight Special " is an old folk song originally popularized by Leadbelly . Johnny Rivers and Creedence Clearwater Revival are well-known for their versions. Also big artists such as ABBA , Van Morrison & Paul McCartney have covered the song.
Lead Belly (1885?-1949) “ Midnight Special” is historically performed in the country-blues style. “ Midnight Special” is performed in first person and is a tale of how the songwriter is imprisoned. Inducted 1988
Creedence Clearwater Revival (CCR) Inducted 1993
Elvis Inducted 1986
Elvis Presley many adults believed that rock and roll and Presley was immoral and would be destructive to the youth of America.