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High scope the learning environment
 

High scope the learning environment

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  • In order to understand how the physical setting contributes to the learning experience that occur in a High Scope classroom we need to know the ingredients of Active LearningMaterials that interest the children are essential for active learning. This would include a wide variety of materials that children can explore, transform and combine.The materials are arranged to promote manipulation-that is the children’s direct use of the materials. To enable for each children to manipulate materials freely, the setting has enough materials for each child and plenty of work and play space.Choice for children ideas that governs the arrangement of the setting. Space should be divided into well-defined areas that are visible and accessible (within reach) Children should be encouraged to use the materials in a variety of ways. To encourage Child and Language Thought the interest areas should include open-ended materials that engage children and inspire them to learn and communicate in both verbal and non verbal ways. To encourage written language the setting needs to be Print Rich including as many books and other print materials as well as tools that the children can use to make their own written materials. Finally children’s play or work is enriched by adult scaffolding. This means having the opportunity to watch and comfortably to join in children’s play. This gives a child a sense of security and control. Materials to be stored in the same location so they can find and return them with ease.
  • Highscope curriculum organizes space so that children have as many chances for active participatory learning and as much control as possible. The following guidelines helps influence their choices as they arrange and equip early learning class.In order for the space to be inviting to children it must be comfortable and welcoming.
  • To create comfortable play surfaces use a variety of materials including throw rugs, carpets, easy chairs, cushions, pillows, bean bags, drapes or curtains.
  • There are no hard and fast rules for how many areas a classroom has to have. As a general rule it is better to have fewer areas with materials that can be used in many different ways. For example: their may be no need for a separate math area when children can sort and match small blocks or count and compare sets of plastic animals in the Toy area.
  • The house are supports both individual and cooperative play. Many children spend time here busy at work –imitating cooking sequences they see at home. Children are involved in exploring roles, visiting the dentist or doctor, having a birthday party, wedding, going shopping etc.Housekeeping should extend into block area.

High scope the learning environment High scope the learning environment Presentation Transcript

  • High Scope Curriculum The Learning Environment : Arranging & Equipping Spaces for Active Learners Presented by Jean Smith Site Administrator Pearl Lakewood Learn It 8/20/13
  • Environments for Children and Active Learning Ingredients • Materials • Manipulation • Choice • Child Language • Thought • Adult Scaffolding
  • Summary Conclusion Adults using High Scope Curriculum promote active learning by establishing settings that 1. Engage Children in a wide range of play, alone and with others including exploring, building, pretending, painting and drawing and playing simple games. 2. Find, use and return materials of particular interest to them as they pursue their own plans and intentions. 3. Feel safe, valued, adventurous and competent
  • General Guidelines for Organizing Space and Materials • 1.The space is inviting to children. • The space is divided into well defined areas and labeled areas of interest. • 3. The space incorporates place for group activities, eating, napping, and storing children’s belongings. • 4. Interest areas arrange to promote visibility and easy movement between areas. • 5. Interest areas are flexible enough to accommodate children’s changing interest. • 6. Materials are plentiful and open-ended to support a wide range of play experiences. • 7. Materials reflect children’s family life. • 8. The storage and labeling of materials promotes the find-use-return cycle. • 9. Purposeful Sound-Unnecessary background noise interferes with children’s development while the sound of an early learning center should be that of children, busy at work as it promotes their development.
  • The Space is Inviting to Children 1. Softness-Create comfortable play surfaces include carpets, throw rugs, easy chairs, bean bags and soft stuffed animals or toys. 2. Rounded Corners-Large potted plants, pillows, hanging plants help round off corners of the room. 3. Pleasing Colors and Textures-Examine your environment is it soothing or exciting? 4. Natural materials and Light- Natural light helps soften the environment 5. Cozy places-A loft, nook, or window seat with pillows and books give a child a place to pause, be by themselves, observe and take things in without having to respond socially. It also offers a child a break from ongoing activities.
  • The Space is divided into well defined and labeled interest areas to encourage different types of play. Learning Centers Well defined Space
  • Learning Areas • Block Area • Sensory Table • Art Area • Toy Area • Science Area-Is all around you. Plants in classroom, Magnifying Glasses, Magnets etc. • Math Area • Book and Writing Area • Woodwork Area • Music and Movement Area • Computer Area • Outdoor Area/Large Motor Area
  • Writing & Computer Center Art Center
  • Block Area
  • Book and Cozy Area Labeled Classroom Dramatic Play/Housekeeping
  • Sensory Table Comes in different size and with different media Share your ideas!
  • Easel Board Area Art Area Table Toys/Manipulates
  • Large Group and Small Group Large Group Area Small Group Area
  • Block Area Materials • Large hallow blocks • Unit Blocks • Small Blocks • Cardboard Blocks • Foam Blocks • Blocks made from milk cartons • Pieces of Carpet • Sheets, Blankets, tents, tarps • Packing Boxes • Boards, Sticks, Tree Stump Rounds, • Tubes (cardboard, metal or plastic)
  • Block Area Materials to Take Apart & Put Together • Large Tinkertoys • Interlocking Blocks and Boards • Clip on wheels and Blocks • Interlocking Train Tracks • Plastic Plumbing Pipes
  • Block Area Materials-Fill and Empty • Boxes, Cartons, Baskets, Crates, Picnic Baskets, • Dump Trucks, Pick Up Trucks • Small vehicles, people, animals • Doll House furniture • Empty sewing spools • Stones, Pea gravel
  • Block Area Materials-Pretend Play • Cars and trucks scaled to blocks or mat • Construction and farm vehicles • Planes, Boats, Helicopters, Trains and Buses • Multicultural dollhouse people/community helpers • Wooden, rubber or plastic animals familiar to children • Steering Wheel • See page 192 for more materials
  • Block Area Reference Photos • Photos of children’s homes, neighborhoods • Photos and drawing of children’s block structures • Collect photos of Block creations for children’s portfolio
  • Housekeeping/Dramatic Play • Supports both individual and cooperative play • Imitation of daily family activities • Pretend Play • Exploring and Imitating • Dressing Up • Role Playing • Should extend into Block Area
  • Housekeeping Materials-Cooking & Eating • Child sized sink, stove, refrigerator • Adult sized forks, spoons, chopsticks • Cooking containers-Pots, Pans, Wok • Cooking Tools-slotted spoons, spatulas, ladles • Eggbeater, Timer, Food Mill • Teapot/Coffee Pot • Colander/Strainer • Ice Cube Trays • See page 195 for more ideas
  • Housekeeping/Dramatic Play • Use of real materials is encourages as these are things familiar in their environment and it encourages their pretend play as they imitate what they see at home. • Make this area homelike • Use of pegboards to hang to pots and pans, tracing their outlines as they hang and labeling them
  • Art Area • For most children this is an area to explore different types of art media. • Use of materials to make things- pictures, books, weavings, menus, etc. • Free art exploration with a variety of materials • Sink near by the Art Area/Easel for quick clean up-if not accessible consider adding buckets or dishpans.
  • Art Area-Continued • Work Surfaces with plenty of space • Provide drying space or drying rack • Display Art-At child’s level, on backs of shelves, on bulletin board, in hallway • Keep samples of children’s free art exploration for portfolio • Use of a variety of materials-different types of paper, painting and printing materials, fasteners, stickers, stamps, modeling materials, & collage materials • Recycle paper scraps instead of throwing away • Staplers, scissors, paint brushes in different sizes • See Page 199 for more details
  • Art Area-Big Projects • Provide large appliance boxes and Styrofoam packing pieces for children to paint and use as props. Ex: houses, mailbox, airplane • Clear a table top for fingerprint painting • Class murals • Works in progress art – Stone Soup Display • Collect or copy children’s art for their portfolios • Art Show for Display
  • Art Area Gallery • Bring in masks, weavings, quilts, sculptures, baskets, pots an mobiles, wind catchers for children to examine close up • Hang paintings, prints and photos at children’s level • Include pairs of art-Ex: print postcards in the toy area for children to view or match up • Invite local artist to share with children • Observe with children natural outdoor art- shadows, clouds, rocks, leaves, flowers, birds, nests, insects
  • Book and Writing Area • Children look and “read books” from memory and picture cues, listen to stories and make up and write their own stories. • Should be a cozy spot where they can look at books, magazines alone, with peers or adult. • Books should be in all learning areas-Give some examples • Include a variety of books with illustrations, use of multicultural and intergenerational books, picture books, alphabet and number books, books in the language that is familiar to your students, stories/pics showing people of all ages, races and physical abilities
  • Ideas for buying and sharing books • Books can be found for sale at your local library at a nominal cost. Downtown Cleveland Library has a weekly book sale for nominal cost. Lakewood Library has 2 book fairs a year • County Library-Leap Prop Boxes • Create your own Story/Game Prop Box for children to take home and participate with family members. Include a notebook for writing reflections or posting pics and return to school to share • Have a Scholastic Book fair to get free books
  • Summary Guidelines and Strategies • Organize Space-include softness, rounded corners, pleasing colors and textures, use of natural materials and light, purposeful sound • Space divided into well defined area • Basic Areas include-Blocks, Housekeeping, Sensory, Book and Writing areas, Music & Movement, Circle Time (Planning Time, discussion of day’s activities, calendar, timeline pics) • Space incorporates places for group activities, eating, napping, and storing children’s belongings
  • Establishing Interest Areas • Ease of visibility • Block Area and Housekeeping close to each other • Art Area close to water • Book and toy areas are located away from rigorous play areas • Sensory table close to water • Music and Movement close to noisier activities or at Large Group Time • Areas flexible enough to accommodate practical considerations and children’s changing interest • Areas can be brought into room or rotated if lacking space
  • Providing Materials • The storage and labeling of materials promotes the find-use-return cycle. • Labeling to include photo & word on shelf and container • Labels make sense to children and they can be made from-the materials themselves, photos, photo copies, pictures from catalog, Line drawings, tracings • Similar things stored together • Children to be able to see into and handle containers with ease • Plentiful materials-Sorting and small building materials, books, magazines/catalog, games, storytelling props, puppets • Ask parents for donation of art supplies, magazines, catalogs, envelopes, writing tools, books etc.
  • Questions and Comments • Plan Do Review • Find-Use-Return • Portfolios • Works in Progress