LONE STAR POLITICS
PAUL BENSON
Tarrant County College
DAVID CLINKSCALE
Tarrant County College
ANTHONY GIARDINO
Tarrant Cou...
Chapter 1
TEXAS SOCIETY
AND POLITICAL
CULTURE
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights
reserved
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Learning Objectives
• Differentiate between government and
...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Introduction
• POLITICS VS. GOVERNMENT
• POLITICS =
• The p...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Famous Quotes About Texas
• “Texas is a state of mind. Texa...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Cattle drivers were once a vital part of the Texas economy....
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Texas Mosaic
• The joining of small
pieces of material, var...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Historical Pieces
• Some of the more interesting pieces in ...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
© Archive Photos/Getty Images
This painting of Coronado is ...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Historical Pieces
• THE EXPLORERS - THE FRENCH
• 1684: René...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Historical Pieces
• THE COLONISTS – THE HISPANICS
• Spain u...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
© National Geographic/Getty Images
Cowboys ride in front of...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Historical Pieces
• THE COLONISTS - THE ANGLOS
• Stephen F....
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Historical Pieces
• THE TEXAS REVOLUTION
• 1835: fighting b...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Historical Pieces
• Revolution lasted a mere 7 months with ...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Santa Anna would continue to be an
important figure in Mexi...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Historical Pieces
• THE TEXANS – THE REPUBLIC
• 1836 – 46: ...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Historical Pieces
• STATEHOOD – 28TH
STATE
• U.S. public op...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Historical Pieces
• THE CONFEDERACY
• Few major battles wer...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Historical Pieces
• RECONSTRUCTION
• Post-Civil War period ...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Historical Pieces
• THE AMERICANS – A FRONTIER
STATE
• PROG...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Historical Pieces
• THE AMERICANS – A MODERN
STATE
• Big Oi...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Historical Pieces
• THE AMERICANS – A MODERN STATE
• The De...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Historical Pieces
• THE AMERICANS – A MODERN
STATE
• 1960s:...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Geographic Pieces
• GULF LOWLANDS – COASTAL PLAINS
• The Ba...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Tourist shops in Texas
used to sell postcards of
Texas crow...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Geographic Pieces
• WESTERN HIGHLANDS
• North and west of t...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Economic Pieces
• THE FIRST STAGE – TAKE IT
• Until recentl...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
The Spindletop
gusher ushered
in a new
economic era
in Texa...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Economic Pieces
• THE SECOND STAGE – MAKE IT
• Manufacturin...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Economic Pieces
• THE THIRD STAGE – SERVE IT
• 1980S econom...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Growth of Economic Sectors in Texas
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Economic Pieces
• Key to future growth - developing an educ...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Demographic Pieces
• POPULATION SIZE
• Texas State Data Cen...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Demographic Pieces
• POPULATION DISTRIBUTION
• Over 80% of ...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Demographic Pieces
• POPULATION DIVERSITY
• ANGLOS: estimat...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
THE “TEXAS TRIANGLE”
• Contains the four
largest metropolit...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Putting It Together:
The Picture of Texas
• POLITICAL CULTU...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Political Culture
and Policy
• THE CHANGING FACE OF
TEXAS
•...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
The “Purpling of Texas?”
• Texas has had a tradition of
con...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
Why “Purple”?
• Red States – Conservative (Texas)
• Blue St...
Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
State Representation By County
(Republican = Red,
Democrat ...
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Govt 2306 benson ch1 notes ppt

  1. 1. LONE STAR POLITICS PAUL BENSON Tarrant County College DAVID CLINKSCALE Tarrant County College ANTHONY GIARDINO Tarrant County College Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
  2. 2. Chapter 1 TEXAS SOCIETY AND POLITICAL CULTURE Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
  3. 3. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Learning Objectives • Differentiate between government and politics • Explain the historical pieces of the Texas mosaic • Differentiate among the geographic regions of the state • Analyze the economic forces in Texas • Analyze the influences of major demographic groups in the state • Identify the dominate political cultures in Texas
  4. 4. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Introduction • POLITICS VS. GOVERNMENT • POLITICS = • The process of seeking or maintaining power • GOVERNMENT = • Public institutions acting with authority to levy taxes and to allocate things for society
  5. 5. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Famous Quotes About Texas • “Texas is a state of mind. Texas is an obsession. Above all, Texas is a nation in every sense of the word” • Author John Steinbeck • If you've ever driven across Texas, you know how different one area of the state can be from another. Take El Paso. It looks as much like Dallas as I look like Jack Nicklaus • Pro Golfer Lee Trevino • I am forced to conclude that God made Texas on his day off, for pure entertainment, just to prove that all that diversity could be crammed into one section of earth by a really top hand • Author Mary Lasswell • “You Can All Go to Hell and I’ll Go to Texas” • David Crockett
  6. 6. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Cattle drivers were once a vital part of the Texas economy. How has the glorification of that era added to the Texas mystique? © akg-images/The Image Works
  7. 7. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Texas Mosaic • The joining of small pieces of material, varied in shape and color, to produce a whole image – • Often used describe the social and cultural diversity that defines Texas
  8. 8. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Historical Pieces • Some of the more interesting pieces in the Texas mosaic emerge from history • THE EXPLORERS – THE SPANISH • Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca & Francisco Vásquez de Coronado • Established Spain’s claim to Texas -largely unchallenged for the next century and a half
  9. 9. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved © Archive Photos/Getty Images This painting of Coronado is by famed artist Frederic Remington.
  10. 10. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Historical Pieces • THE EXPLORERS - THE FRENCH • 1684: René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, landed on the Texas coast – • Claimed the area for the King of France • La Salle’s ill-fated excursion lasted barely 3 years and ensured Spain’s continuing attempts to occupy Texas for the next 130 years
  11. 11. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Historical Pieces • THE COLONISTS – THE HISPANICS • Spain used missions to subdue conquered or indigenous peoples • Converted them into Christians and Spanish subjects • Missions prospered in south Texas – • Blended Coahuiltecan Indian culture with an emerging Mexican culture
  12. 12. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved © National Geographic/Getty Images Cowboys ride in front of the Alamo, a mixing of two iconic Texas images.
  13. 13. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Historical Pieces • THE COLONISTS - THE ANGLOS • Stephen F. Austin organized the first Anglo settlement (1823) – • Farmers received 177 acres of land; ranchers, 4,428 acres • 1830: Mexico enacted restrictions on immigration, but this heightened the tension
  14. 14. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Historical Pieces • THE TEXAS REVOLUTION • 1835: fighting broke out between Anglo settlers near Gonzales and Mexican cavalry troops from San Antonio • Within weeks - Anglo colonists and allies from the Hispanic communities revolted
  15. 15. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Historical Pieces • Revolution lasted a mere 7 months with relatively few major battles • Sam Houston was General Santa Anna’s “Texian” counterpart • San Jacinto – April 21, 1836: • Surprise, emotional memories of the massacres at the Alamo and Goliad, and luck led to the “Texian” victory
  16. 16. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Santa Anna would continue to be an important figure in Mexican politics, off and on, for two decades after Texas Independence. Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, [LC-USZ62-21276]
  17. 17. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Historical Pieces • THE TEXANS – THE REPUBLIC • 1836 – 46: The independent nation created by Texans Population growth, an expanding frontier, a deteriorating economy, a chronically bankrupt government, Indian attacks, Mexican invasions, European immigration, and politics that made your typical barroom brawl look like a Sunday School picnic
  18. 18. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Historical Pieces • STATEHOOD – 28TH STATE • U.S. public opinion and a political agenda based on “Manifest Destiny” combined to bring about the annexation of Texas in February 1846 “TEXAS EXCEPTIONALISMTEXAS EXCEPTIONALISM” – integral part of the social, cultural, and political equation
  19. 19. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Historical Pieces • THE CONFEDERACY • Few major battles were actually fought on Texas soil - but the state became a major supplier of men and material to the South’s war effort • When the Confederacy capitulated, Texas was economically devastated, politically decimated, and militarily occupied
  20. 20. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Historical Pieces • RECONSTRUCTION • Post-Civil War period (1865–1877): • Former Confederate states had restrictive laws applied to them by the federal government • This (and E. J. Davis) led to Texas becoming a one-party Democratic state
  21. 21. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Historical Pieces • THE AMERICANS – A FRONTIER STATE • PROGRESSIVE ERA: 1890–1910 • Texas enacted numerous laws designed to protect ordinary citizens and to prevent their being taken advantage of by large monopolies
  22. 22. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Historical Pieces • THE AMERICANS – A MODERN STATE • Big Oil followed the 20th century into Texas by ten days – Spindletop • Movement from rural to urban areas accelerated • Cheap, readily available fuel powered the drive toward industrialization
  23. 23. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Historical Pieces • THE AMERICANS – A MODERN STATE • The Depression and the collapse of farm prices hit Texas hard • Hastened the exodus of many rural Texans to urban areas • East Texas and Permian Basin oil discoveries and jobs in defense plants after WWII eased the economic pain
  24. 24. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Historical Pieces • THE AMERICANS – A MODERN STATE • 1960s: LBJ’s presidency focused on domestic policies and Viet Nam • 1970s and 80s: A roller coaster of politics, economics, and demographics • 1990s into the 2000s: Republican dominance in elected offices
  25. 25. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Geographic Pieces • GULF LOWLANDS – COASTAL PLAINS • The Balcones Escarpment: an ancient fault line which geographically divides Texas • The eastern area, the Gulf Lowlands, contains 4 geographic subdivisions - • The Coastal Plains; Piney Woods; Post Oaks and Prairies; South Texas Prairie
  26. 26. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Tourist shops in Texas used to sell postcards of Texas crowding other states into the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans. Size is a major factor in the geography of Texas.
  27. 27. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Geographic Pieces • WESTERN HIGHLANDS • North and west of the Balcones Escarpment, the land becomes more rugged, more varied, and more arid • There are 5 geographic subdivisions: • The Edwards Plateau; Llano Uplift; Wichita Prairie; High Plains; West Texas Basins and Ranges
  28. 28. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Economic Pieces • THE FIRST STAGE – TAKE IT • Until recently, the Texas economy was firmly grounded in extractive activities - • Taking something directly from the land • Depended on the three Cs - cattle, cotton, and crude - • Crucial during Texas’s formative years
  29. 29. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved The Spindletop gusher ushered in a new economic era in Texas. How might the state have been affected if not for its vast oil resources? Prints and Photographs Collection, The Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin, Copy neg. CN01264
  30. 30. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Economic Pieces • THE SECOND STAGE – MAKE IT • Manufacturing expansion went into full swing with the advent of WWII and growth of defense contractors • Leading manufacturer of petroleum-based chemicals and compounds • Steel production and metal smelting increased in the 1970s
  31. 31. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Economic Pieces • THE THIRD STAGE – SERVE IT • 1980S economic disaster: • Collapse of the oil industry, and severe cuts in defense spending • 1990s comeback: • Economic optimism was widespread • 2000s: • Terrorist attacks, corporate misdeeds, and a questionable government regulatory climate
  32. 32. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Growth of Economic Sectors in Texas
  33. 33. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Economic Pieces • Key to future growth - developing an educational infrastructure to meet demands of an evolving, 21st century economy • Requires educated (not merely skilled) employees, able to adapt to a rapidly changing, highly competitive, increasingly global economic reality
  34. 34. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Demographic Pieces • POPULATION SIZE • Texas State Data Center estimates 25,373,947 people in 2010 - second most populous state, and an almost 22% increase over the 2000 Census total • POPULATION GROWTH • Texas has enjoyed continuous growth, however, some areas have lost population
  35. 35. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
  36. 36. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Demographic Pieces • POPULATION DISTRIBUTION • Over 80% of the state’s population resides in metropolitan areas, and almost 58% of all the people in Texas can be found in ten urban counties • Texas’ political agenda is now dominated by issues vital cities and suburbs
  37. 37. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
  38. 38. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Demographic Pieces • POPULATION DIVERSITY • ANGLOS: estimated 45% of the population - decreasing • HISPANICS: estimated 39% - the fastest growing • AFRICAN AMERICANS: 11% - expected to decrease • OTHER: 4% - expected to increase
  39. 39. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved THE “TEXAS TRIANGLE” • Contains the four largest metropolitan areas in Texas: • Houston • Dallas/Fort Worth • San Antonio • Austin • Over 500 miles away is El Paso, the 5th largest metropolitan area. • What implications does this geographical configuration have for El Paso?
  40. 40. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Putting It Together: The Picture of Texas • POLITICAL CULTURE • Attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors that shape how people act politically • Daniel J. Elazar identified 3 predominant U.S. political cultures - individualistic, traditionalistic, and moralistic
  41. 41. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Political Culture and Policy • THE CHANGING FACE OF TEXAS • Texas continues its kaleidoscopic evolution as a society and a culture • Diversity is the hallmark of our history, our geography, our economy, and our population
  42. 42. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved The “Purpling of Texas?” • Texas has had a tradition of conservative politics and political culture. • Many researchers are pointing to the quickly growing Hispanic population and its possible influence on Texas as becoming a swing state, meaning it will necessarily be strictly conservative in its political leanings in the future. • National Democratic Party leaders have targeted Texas as a possible swing state within the next 4 years.
  43. 43. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved
  44. 44. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved Why “Purple”? • Red States – Conservative (Texas) • Blue States – Liberal • Purple States – can go either way depending on situation/candidate • This depends on the voter behavior of immigrants, Hispanics, and those 21-27 years of age. All of these groups tend to vote less often so this becomes the key.
  45. 45. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved State Representation By County (Republican = Red, Democrat = Blue)

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