Sources of energy: PETROLEUM <ul>IES El Palo </ul>Our major source of energy But Spain is not rich in oil so we buy it from Rusia, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Mexico, Libia, Nigieria.
Sources of energy: COAL <ul>IES El Palo </ul>Spanish coal has poor quality. Spain's coal reserves are located in Asturias, Sevilla, Córdoba and Badajoz. It is more expensive than imported coal.
Sources of energy: NATURAL GAS <ul>IES El Palo </ul><ul>It is becoming very popular and the amount consumed is increasing. </ul><ul>Natural gas is being used to reduce our dependence on imported oil. </ul>
Sources of energy: NATURAL GAS <ul>IES El Palo </ul>Where does it come from?
<ul>IES El Palo </ul>Nuclear Power Nuclear power generates 18% of electricity in Spain. Nuclear power is as polemic in Spain as everywhere else. The Spanish government has recently decided to close a nuclear plant that would carry on producing electricity.
<ul>IES El Palo </ul>Nuclear Power Nuclear power in Spain
Spanish goverment is committed to get a target: Solar Power <ul>IES El Palo </ul>12% of primary energy will come from renewable energy by 2010 with an installed solar generating capacity of 3000 megawatts(MW)
Solar Power <ul>IES El Palo </ul>Spain is the 4º largest manufacturer in the world of solar power technology. La energía solar termoeléctrica –esa que aprovecha el calor del sol para calentar fluidos que luego moverán turbinas generadoras de electricidad– está de moda en España. Si el país del "sol y playa" ya fue el primero en dar el salto de lo experimental a lo comercial (con la planta de torre central PS10, en Sevilla, y con la de almacenamiento en sales fundidas, Andasol 1, también en Andalucía), ahora se convierte en el primero de Europa en enchufar a la red comercial una central solar termoeléctrica de colectores cilindro parabólicos, con lo que las principales "versiones" que presenta a día de hoy la tecnología solar termoeléctrica ya tienen sus correspondientes ejemplos comerciales en territorio español. 9-5-2009 Exports 80% of this output to Germany.
Wind Power <ul>2008: wind power produced about 1.5% of around the world electricity usage and is growing rapidly, having doubled between 2005 and 2008. </ul><ul>IES El Palo </ul>
<ul>IES El Palo </ul>Wind Power Several countries have achieved relatively high levels of wind power in 2008: <ul><li>Denmark: 19% of stationary electricity production
Spain and Portugal: 11% </li></ul><ul><li>Germany and Ireland: 7% </li></ul>
Hydro Power <ul>IES El Palo </ul>Spain now meets the target of 30% of electricity from renewable sources, set for the EU in 2010. In January and February with good rain and wind, and less demand because of the crisis, renewable power have produced 30% of the electricity consumed in Spain, according to Red Electrica of Spain, the company that manages the system.
<ul>IES El Palo </ul>But now, rainfall has decreased significantly and high temperatures are doing the water reservoir to evaporate, so the amount of hydropower is decreasing. In 2008, wind and hydropower generated 18% of the total. Hydro Power
<ul>IES El Palo </ul>Hydro Power Hydropower stations in Spain
<ul>IES El Palo </ul>Electricity production 2007
<ul>IES El Palo </ul>This is the only technology for using solar energy in large power plants commercially proved over a number of years. NEW WAYS OF PRODUCING ENERGY Parabolic trough power plants
<ul>IES El Palo </ul>This new solar plant continues working during the night or when it is cloudy. Parabolic Trough Power Plants
<ul>IES El Palo </ul>With a net electricity output of around 150 GWh per year and a collector surface area of over 510, 000 square mts. Parabolic Trough Power Plants The largest solar power plants in the world.
<ul>IES El Palo </ul>The ANDASOL 1 solar power plant, is Europe’s first parabolic trough commercial power plant. It went online in November 2008 and it was built by Flagsol, Solarmillennium and ACS. Parabolic Trough Power Plants Granada (Andalusia)
<ul>IES El Palo </ul>Andasol 1 plant has started operation. Andasol 2 has started the commissioning phase. Andasol 3 is currently under construction. Parabolic Trough Power Plants
<ul>IES El Palo </ul>Molten salt storage system The only commercial scale demonstration project under development consisting of central tower receiver, heliostats and molten salts storage energy system . Torresol Energy promotes GEMASOLAR
Molten salt storage system Torresol is the first company in the world to apply this molten salt storage system in commercial plants. Seville (Andalusia) <ul>IES El Palo </ul>
Waves energy Ocean tec is a new estation promoted by two private companies, that uses waves strengh to produce energy. Guipúzcoa (Basque Country) <ul>IES El Palo </ul>
<ul>IES El Palo </ul>ENERGY COMSUPTION IN SPAIN <ul><li>Household
<ul>IES El Palo </ul>Energy consumption: Household Household consumption (2003) % of houses having this equipment(2005) Electric hot water 3% 14,87% Electric stove 9% 39,61% Electric heating 15% 11,95% Small appliances 7% nd Television 10% 99,69% Fridge 18% 99,80% Dishwasher 2% 36,77% Washing machine 8% 98,87% Tumble dryer 2% nd Microwave 2% 78,01% Electric oven 4% nd Computer 1% 49,71% (58,3% en 2007) Air conditioning 1% 35,7% en 2007 Lights 18% nd