Energy In Spain (Comenius Project)

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Presentación para el primer encuentro del Proyecto Comenius "Going green with sustainable energy", que tendrá lugar en Jessheim (Noruega).

Presentación para el primer encuentro del Proyecto Comenius "Going green with sustainable energy", que tendrá lugar en Jessheim (Noruega).

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  • 1. First Comenius Meeting – November 2009 Jessheim videregående skole (Norway) Energy in Spain
  • 2. SOURCES OF ENERGY IN SPAIN
      IES El Palo
    Non-Renewable Renewable
  • 10. Sources of energy: PETROLEUM
      IES El Palo
    Our major source of energy But Spain is not rich in oil so we buy it from Rusia, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Mexico, Libia, Nigieria.
  • 11. Sources of energy: COAL
      IES El Palo
    Spanish coal has poor quality. Spain's coal reserves are located in Asturias, Sevilla, Córdoba and Badajoz. It is more expensive than imported coal.
  • 12. Sources of energy: NATURAL GAS
      IES El Palo
      It is becoming very popular and the amount consumed is increasing.
      Natural gas is being used to reduce our dependence on imported oil.
  • 13. Sources of energy: NATURAL GAS
      IES El Palo
    Where does it come from?
  • 14.
      IES El Palo
    Nuclear Power Nuclear power generates 18% of electricity in Spain. Nuclear power is as polemic in Spain as everywhere else. The Spanish government has recently decided to close a nuclear plant that would carry on producing electricity.
  • 15.
      IES El Palo
    Nuclear Power Nuclear power in Spain
  • 16. Spanish goverment is committed to get a target: Solar Power
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    12% of primary energy will come from renewable energy by 2010 with an installed solar generating capacity of 3000 megawatts(MW)
  • 17. Solar Power
      IES El Palo
    Spain is the 4º largest manufacturer in the world of solar power technology. La energía solar termoeléctrica –esa que aprovecha el calor del sol para calentar fluidos que luego moverán turbinas generadoras de electricidad– está de moda en España. Si el país del "sol y playa" ya fue el primero en dar el salto de lo experimental a lo comercial (con la planta de torre central PS10, en Sevilla, y con la de almacenamiento en sales fundidas, Andasol 1, también en Andalucía), ahora se convierte en el primero de Europa en enchufar a la red comercial una central solar termoeléctrica de colectores cilindro parabólicos, con lo que las principales "versiones" que presenta a día de hoy la tecnología solar termoeléctrica ya tienen sus correspondientes ejemplos comerciales en territorio español. 9-5-2009 Exports 80% of this output to Germany.
  • 18. Wind Power
      2008: wind power produced about 1.5% of around the world electricity usage and is growing rapidly, having doubled between 2005 and 2008.
      IES El Palo
  • 19.
      IES El Palo
    Wind Power Several countries have achieved relatively high levels of wind power in 2008:
    • Denmark: 19% of stationary electricity production
    • 20. Spain and Portugal: 11%
    • Germany and Ireland: 7%
  • 21. Hydro Power
      IES El Palo
    Spain now meets the target of 30% of electricity from renewable sources, set for the EU in 2010. In January and February with good rain and wind, and less demand because of the crisis, renewable power have produced 30% of the electricity consumed in Spain, according to Red Electrica of Spain, the company that manages the system.
  • 22.
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    But now, rainfall has decreased significantly and high temperatures are doing the water reservoir to evaporate, so the amount of hydropower is decreasing. In 2008, wind and hydropower generated 18% of the total. Hydro Power
  • 23.
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    Hydro Power Hydropower stations in Spain
  • 24.
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    Electricity production 2007
  • 25.
      IES El Palo
    This is the only technology for using solar energy in large power plants commercially proved over a number of years. NEW WAYS OF PRODUCING ENERGY Parabolic trough power plants
  • 26.
      IES El Palo
    This new solar plant continues working during the night or when it is cloudy. Parabolic Trough Power Plants
  • 27.
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    With a net electricity output of around 150 GWh per year and a collector surface area of over 510, 000 square mts. Parabolic Trough Power Plants The largest solar power plants in the world.
  • 28.
      IES El Palo
    The ANDASOL 1 solar power plant, is Europe’s first parabolic trough commercial power plant. It went online in November 2008 and it was built by Flagsol, Solarmillennium and ACS. Parabolic Trough Power Plants Granada (Andalusia)
  • 29.
      IES El Palo
    Andasol 1 plant has started operation. Andasol 2 has started the commissioning phase. Andasol 3 is currently under construction. Parabolic Trough Power Plants
  • 30.
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    Molten salt storage system The only commercial scale demonstration project under development consisting of central tower receiver, heliostats and molten salts storage energy system . Torresol Energy promotes GEMASOLAR
  • 31. Molten salt storage system Torresol is the first company in the world to apply this molten salt storage system in commercial plants. Seville (Andalusia)
      IES El Palo
  • 32. Waves energy Ocean tec is a new estation promoted by two private companies, that uses waves strengh to produce energy. Guipúzcoa (Basque Country)
      IES El Palo
  • 33.
      IES El Palo
    ENERGY COMSUPTION IN SPAIN
  • 36.
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    Energy consumption: Industry
  • 37. Transport energy consumption
  • 38. Transport energy consumption
  • 39.
      IES El Palo
    Energy consumption: Household Household consumption (2003) % of houses having this equipment(2005) Electric hot water 3% 14,87% Electric stove 9% 39,61% Electric heating 15% 11,95% Small appliances 7% nd Television 10% 99,69% Fridge 18% 99,80% Dishwasher 2% 36,77% Washing machine 8% 98,87% Tumble dryer 2% nd Microwave 2% 78,01% Electric oven 4% nd Computer 1% 49,71% (58,3% en 2007) Air conditioning 1% 35,7% en 2007 Lights 18% nd