U.S.-Latin Amer

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A look at the relationship between the U.S. and LAtin America

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U.S.-Latin Amer

  1. 1. Latin America and the U.S. A look at why Latin America has a complex relationship with the U.S.
  2. 2. Modern Latin America <ul><li>After World War II there were many expectations for political, social, and economic development in Latin America </li></ul><ul><li>Development only partly successful </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth in education, exposure to mass media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic development lagged: trade, production, and personal income declined </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Solutions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Military Dictatorships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marxists (Communist) Revolutions </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. U.S. Interests in Latin America <ul><li>Oil </li></ul><ul><ul><li>12% of oil in world </li></ul></ul><ul><li>War on Drugs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colombia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>United Fruit Company </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Immigration </li></ul><ul><li>Trade </li></ul><ul><li>National Defense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cold War </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>War or Terrorism </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. U.S. Involvement <ul><li>Stop the spread of Communism and other Leftist governments </li></ul><ul><li>Protect economic interests </li></ul>
  5. 5. U.S. Involvement <ul><li>Support Dictators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pinochet (Chile) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Samoza (Cuba) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eliminate Leftist Leaders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bay of Pigs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assassination of Che Guevera </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overthrow Jacob Arbenz (Guatemala) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Cuba <ul><li>Communist Government </li></ul><ul><li>Fidel Castro- President/Dictator </li></ul><ul><li>Allied with Soviet Union during 1960-1980’s) </li></ul><ul><li>Trade embargo- can’t buy anything from Cuba </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. has gone to great lengths to end Castro’s rule </li></ul>
  7. 7. Bolivia <ul><li>Evo Morales </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Socialist policies </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Argentina <ul><li>Carlos Nestor Kirchner </li></ul>
  9. 9. Venezuela <ul><li>Has Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Hugo Chavez- wants to nationalize oil and other resources </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-U.S. (especially Bush) </li></ul><ul><li>Ties with Iran </li></ul><ul><li>Socialist Government </li></ul>
  10. 10. Guatemala <ul><li>Concerned about immigrants in U.S. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Mexico <ul><li>Felipe Caldron- new conservative president </li></ul><ul><li>Still concern over immigration </li></ul>
  12. 12. Ethanol vs. Oil <ul><li>U.S. pushing use of ethanol in Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>Chavez pushing oil </li></ul>
  13. 13. Colombia <ul><li>Strong ties from the war on drugs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lots of cocaine shipped from Colombia to U.S. </li></ul></ul>

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