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13.03.08 exegesis lent 4

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  • 1. Fourth S. in Lent (Laetare): The Lord Feeds His People Ex. 16: 2-21; Is. 49:8-13; Gal. 4:21-31; Acts 2:41-47; John 6:1-15; Psalm 132:8- 18 — Memorization Verses:Ex. 16:4 Behold, I am about to rain bread food with glad and generous hearts.from heaven for you. John 6:11 Jesus then took theIs. 49:10 they shall not hunger or thirst. loaves, and when he had given thanks, heGal. 4:31 we are not children of the slave distributed them to those who were seated.but of the free woman. So also the fish, as much as they wanted.Acts 2:46 And day by day, attending the Psalm 132:15 I will abundantly bless hertemple together and breaking bread in their provisions; I will satisfy her poor withhomes, [the believers] received their bread.
  • 2. Five loaves become twelve baskets— that is, the five books of Moses find their goal and fulfillment in Christ, whose people continue steadfastly in the doctrine and fellowship of the twelve apostles, and in the breaking and receiving of the bread of life, which is the body of Christ together with His precious blood, and in the prayers.•How is God providing John 6:9 "Here is a boy with five small barley loaves andfor your body and soul two small fish, but how far will they go among soright now? many?― 35 Then Jesus declared, ―I am the bread of life. Whoever•How does your cup comes to me will never go hungry, and whoeveroverflow to others? believes in me will never be thirsty.
  • 3. …Lord, in your mercy. 4. Father of glory, kindly regard …Hear our prayer. this family of Your people, that we 1. People loved by God, let us might give a hearty welcome to all come before our Father‘s throne of fellow sinners and assure them that grace with confidence through our they are wanted and loved in Your Use your prayer notes. Lord Jesus and, in the power of His house... Use a verse from the Spirit, ask His mercy for all in 5. Loving Lord, there is no sin that bible to reflect on. need. Your Son did not carry to death, no Pray about God‘s 2. Kind and gracious Father, we one for whom His sacrifice was not provision. are not worthy to be called Your offered. Call those who have children, and yet in love You have wandered from their baptismal P raise embraced us, named us Your own, birthright home to You and renew R epentance and made us, by Your beloved Son, them by Your Spirit... A ppreciation co-heirs of all things. Remember 6. Mighty King, Your Word Y ou all Your baptized children and stir commands us to pray for all those E veryone up in them a desire for a life of in authority. Remember in mercy R esolve communion with You... our president, Congress and 3. Holy One, Your Son sends forth justices, and all who make, His messengers of reconciliation administer and judge our laws. into all the world. Keep all those in Grant them to serve with integrity the Office of the Holy Ministry and wisdom. Into Your keeping we faithful in their preaching and also commend all serving in our administration of the Sacraments armed forces... so that Your Church may be built up and strengthened...
  • 4. …let us pray to the Lord. that never ends and the source of …Lord, have mercy. all that is. Receive our thanks and 7. God our Healer, look with praise for the victory over death kindness on those who are taking and the grave, which Your Son treatments, those suffering from won for us. With joy we Use your prayer notes. chronic illness or recovering from remember those who have Use a verse from the accidents, those who mourn and departed this life in His faith and bible to reflect on. all for whom our prayers are friendship. Bring us with them to Pray about God‘s desired share the joys of Your eternal provision. [especially_______________]. home... P raise May Your Son ever be their joy in 10. Join our prayers and praises R epentance sorrow; their health in sickness with those of Your faithful people A ppreciation and their life in death... of every time and every place and Y ou 8. Bountiful Giver, Your Son has unite them in the ceaseless E veryone provided a feast for Your family petitions of our great High Priest R esolve where they taste Your love in the until He comes again in power gift of His body and His blood. and great glory as victorious Lord Give us penitent hearts to receive of all. Through Him, with Him this most holy Eucharist in firm and in Him, in the unity of the faith, for our salvation and to our Holy Spirit, all glory and honor is abundant blessing... Yours, almighty Father, forever 9. Great I Am, You are the life and ever! Amen.
  • 5. The Lord Feeds His People Meet w/teams 3-5 min per box What are the major points of your text? How does your topic fit the pericope theme? How does it connect to the other texts? How is it unique?
  • 6. Exodus 16:2-21 people of Israel, they looked toward the wilderness, and2 And the whole congregation of the people of Israel behold, the glory of the Lord appeared in thegrumbled against Moses and Aaron in the cloud. 11 And the LORD said to Moses,12 ―I have heard thewilderness, 3 and the people of Israel said to grumbling of the people of Israel. Say tothem, ―Would that we had died by the hand of them, ‗At twilight you shall eat meat, and in the morningthe LORD in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the meat you shall be filled with bread. Then you shall know that Ipots and ate bread to the full, for you have brought us out am the LORD your God.‘‖into this wilderness to kill this whole assembly with 13 In the evening quail came up and covered the camp, andhunger.‖ in the morning dew lay around the camp. 14 And when the4 Then the LORD said to Moses, ―Behold, I am about to dew had gone up, there was on the face of the wildernessrain bread from heaven for you, and the people shall go a fine, flake-like thing, fine as frost on theout and gather a days portion every day, that I may test ground. 15 When the people of Israel saw it, they said tothem, whether they will walk in my law or not. 5 On the one another, ―What is it?‖ For they did not know what itsixth day, when they prepare what they bring in, it will be was. And Moses said to them, ―It is the bread thattwice as much as they gather daily.‖ 6 So Moses and the LORD has given you to eat.16 This is whatAaron said to all the people of Israel, ―At evening you the LORD has commanded: ‗Gather of it, each one ofshall know that it was the LORD who brought you out of you, as much as he can eat. You shall each takethe land of Egypt, 7 and in the morning you shall see anomer, according to the number of the persons that eachthe glory of the LORD, because he has heard your of you has in his tent.‘‖ 17 And the people of Israel did so.grumbling against the LORD. For what are we, that you They gathered, some more, some less. 18 But when theygrumble against us?‖ 8 And Moses said, ―When the measured it with an omer, whoever gathered much hadLord gives you in the evening meat to eat and in the nothing left over, and whoever gathered little had no lack.morning bread to the full, because the LORD has heard Each of them gathered as much as he could eat. 19 Andyour grumbling that you grumble against him—what are Moses said to them, ―Let no one leave any of it over tillwe? Your grumbling is not against us but against the morning.‖ 20 But they did not listen to Moses. Somethe LORD.‖ left part of it till the morning, and it bred worms and9 Then Moses said to Aaron, ―Say to the whole stank. And Moses was angry with them. 21 Morning bycongregation of the people of Israel, ‗Come near before morning they gathered it, each as much as he could eat;the LORD, for he has heard your grumbling.‘‖ 10 And as but when the sun grew hot, it melted.soon as Aaron spoke to the whole congregation of the
  • 7. Isaiah 49:8-13 them,The Restoration of Israel and by springs of water will guide8 Thus says the LORD: them.―In a time of favor I have answered you; 11 And I will make all my mountains a in a day of salvation I have helped road,you; and my highways shall be raised up.I will keep you and give you 12 Behold, these shall come from afar, as a covenant to the people, and behold, these from the north andto establish the land, from the west, to apportion the desolate heritages, and these from the land of Syene.‖9 saying to the prisoners, ‗Come out,‘ 13 Sing for joy, O heavens, and exult, O to those who are in earth;darkness, ‗Appear.‘ break forth, O mountains, intoThey shall feed along the ways; singing! on all bare heights shall be their For the LORD has comforted his peoplepasture; and will have compassion on his10 they shall not hunger or thirst, afflicted. neither scorching wind nor sun shallstrike them,for he who has pity on them will lead
  • 8. Galatians 4:21-31 bear;Example of Hagar and Sarah break forth and cry aloud, you who21 Tell me, you who desire to be under are not in labor!the law, do you not listen to the For the children of the desolate one willlaw? 22 For it is written that Abraham be morehad two sons, one by a slave woman than those of the one who has aand one by a free woman.23 But the son husband.‖of the slave was born according to the 28 Now you, brothers, like Isaac, areflesh, while the son of the free woman children of promise.29 But just as at thatwas born through promise.24 Now this time he who was born according to themay be interpreted allegorically: these flesh persecuted him who was bornwomen are two covenants. One is from according to the Spirit, so also it isMount Sinai, bearing children for now. 30 But what does the Scriptureslavery; she is Hagar. 25 Now Hagar is say? ―Cast out the slave woman and herMount Sinai in Arabia; she corresponds son, for the son of the slave womanto the present Jerusalem, for she is in shall not inherit with the son of the freeslavery with her children. 26 But the woman.‖31 So, brothers, we are notJerusalem above is free, and she is our children of the slave but of the freemother. 27 For it is written, woman.―Rejoice, O barren one who does not
  • 9. Acts 2:41-47 food with glad and generous41 So those who received his word were hearts, 47 praising God and having favorbaptized, and there were added that day with all the people. And the Lord addedabout three thousand souls. to their number day by day thoseThe Fellowship of the Believers who were being saved.42 And they devoted themselves to theapostles teaching andthe fellowship, to the breaking of breadand the prayers. 43 And awe came uponevery soul, and many wonders andsigns were being done through theapostles.44 And all who believed weretogether and had all things incommon. 45 And they were selling theirpossessions and belongings anddistributing the proceeds to all, as anyhad need. 46 And day by day, attendingthe temple together and breaking breadin their homes, they received their
  • 10. John 6:1-15 fish, but what are they for soJesus Feeds the Five Thousand many?‖ 10 Jesus said, ―Have the people sit6 After this Jesus went away to the other down.‖Now there was much grass in theside of the Sea of Galilee, which is the place. So the men sat down, about fiveSea of Tiberias. 2 And a large crowd was thousand in number. 11 Jesus then took thefollowing him, because they saw the loaves, and when he had given thanks, hesigns that he was doing on the distributed them to those who weresick. 3 Jesus went up on the seated. So also the fish, as much as theymountain, and there he sat down with his wanted. 12 And when they had eaten theirdisciples. 4 Now the Passover, the feast of fill, he told his disciples, ―Gather up thethe Jews, was at hand. 5 Lifting up his leftover fragments, that nothing may beeyes, then, and seeing that a large crowd lost.‖ 13 So they gathered them up andwas coming toward him, Jesus said filled twelve baskets with fragments fromto Philip, ―Where are we to buy bread, so the five barley loaves left by those whothat these people may eat?‖ 6 He said this had eaten. 14 When the people saw theto test him, for he himself knew what he sign that he had done, they said, ―This iswould do. 7 Philip answered him, ―Two indeed the Prophet who is to come intohundred denarii worth of bread would not the world!‖be enough for each of them to get a 15 Perceiving then that they were about tolittle.‖ 8 One of his come and take him by force to make himdisciples, Andrew, Simon Peters king, Jesus withdrew again to thebrother, said to him, 9 ―There is a boy mountain by himselfhere who has five barley loaves and two
  • 11. Psalm 132:8-18 he has desired it for his dwelling8 Arise, O LORD, and go to your resting place:place, 14 ―This is my resting place forever; you and the ark of your might. here I will dwell, for I have desired9 Let your priests be clothed with it.righteousness, 15 I will abundantly bless her and let your saints shout for joy. provisions;10 For the sake of your servant David, I will satisfy her poor with bread. do not turn away the face of your 16 Her priests I will clothe withanointed one. salvation,11 The LORD swore to David a sure oath and her saints will shout for joy. from which he will not turn back: 17 There I will make a horn to sprout for―One of the sons of your body David; I will set on your throne. I have prepared a lamp for my12 If your sons keep my covenant anointed. and my testimonies that I shall teach 18 His enemies I will clothe with shame,them, but on him his crown will shine.‖their sons also forever shall sit on your throne.‖13 For the LORD has chosen Zion;
  • 12. FOURTH SUNDAY IN LENT (Laetare)Exodus 16:2–21or Isaiah 49:8–13Galatians 4:21–31or Acts 2:41–47John 6:1–15The Lord Feeds His PeopleThe Lord provided bread from heaven for His people in the wilderness (Ex. 16:2–21). Now Hewho is Himself the living bread from heaven miraculously provides bread for the five thousand(John 6:1–15). This takes place near the time of the Passover, after a great multitude hadfollowed Jesus across the sea, and when He went up on a mountain. Seen in this way, Jesus isour new and greater Moses, who releases us from the bondage of Mount Sinai and makes us freechildren of the promise (Gal. 4:21–31). Five loaves become twelve baskets—that is, the fivebooks of Moses find their goal and fulfillment in Christ, whose people continue steadfastly inthe doctrine and fellowship of the twelve apostles, and in the breaking and receiving of thebread of life, which is the body of Christ together with His precious blood, and in the prayers(Acts 2:41–47). So it is that God‘s people ―shall not hunger or thirst‖ (Is. 49:8–13). For Heabundantly provides for us in both body and soul.
  • 13. Five Loaves and Two Fishes Then passed it to the apostles. (Tune: Ten Little Indians) lyrics written and contributed by Each one ate until he was full Sharon Broome Each one ate until he was full Each one ate until he was full One little boy shared his lunch And there were still leftovers. One little boy shared his lunch One little boy shared his lunch Twelve basketfuls were left over And Jesus fed five thousand Twelve basketfuls were left over Twelve basketfuls were left over Five little loaves and two little fishes After each had eaten. Five little loaves and two little fishes Five little loaves and two little fishes Jesus fed five thousand. Took the food, prayed, and broke it Took the food, prayed, and broke it Took the food, prayed, and broke it
  • 14.  Fifth S. in Lent (Judica) Jesus Is Our Redemption Gen. 22:1-14 The Sacrifice of Isaac Heb. 9:11-15 Redemption Through the Blood of Christ John 8:42-59 Before Abraham Was, I AM Psalm 43 Send Out Your Light and Truth
  • 15. Gen. 22:1-14; Heb. 9:11-15; John 8:42-59; Psalm 43 Hebrews 9:11-15 judge. 51 Truly, truly, I say to you, if anyone keeps my Redemption Through the Blood of Christ word, he will never see death.‖52 The Jews said toGenesis 22:1-14 11 But when Christ appeared as a high priest of the good him, ―Now we know that you have a demon! AbrahamThe Sacrifice of Isaac things that have come, then through the greater and more died, as did the prophets, yet you say, ‗If anyone keeps22 After these things God tested Abraham and said to perfect tent (not made with hands, that is, not of this my word, he will never taste death.‘ 53 Are you greaterhim, ―Abraham!‖ And he said, ―Here I am.‖ 2 He creation) 12 he entered once for all into the holy than our father Abraham, who died? And the prophetssaid, ―Take your son, your only son Isaac, whom you places, not by means of the blood of goats and calves died! Who do you make yourself out to be?‖54 Jesuslove, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as but by means of his own blood, thus securing an eternal answered, ―If I glorify myself, my glory is nothing.It isa burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I shall redemption. 13 For ifthe blood of goats and bulls, and the my Father who glorifies me, of whom you say, ‗He istell you.‖ 3 So Abraham rose early in the sprinkling of defiled persons with the ashes of a our God.‘ 55 But you have not known him. I know him. Ifmorning, saddled his donkey, and took two of his young heifer, sanctify for the purification of the flesh, 14 how I were to say that I do not know him, I would be amen with him, and his son Isaac. And he cut the wood much more will the blood of Christ, who through the liar like you, but I do know him and I keep hisfor the burnt offering and arose and went to the place of eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to word. 56 Your father Abraham rejoiced that he would seewhich God had told him. 4 On the third day Abraham God, purify our conscience from dead works to serve the my day. He saw it and was glad.‖ 57 So the Jews said tolifted up his eyes and saw the place from afar. 5 Then living God. him, ―You are not yet fifty years old, and have you seenAbraham said to his young men, ―Stay here with the 15 Therefore he is the mediator of a new covenant, so Abraham?‖ 58 Jesus said to them, ―Truly, truly, I say todonkey; I and the boy will go over there and worship and thatthose who are called may receive the promised you, before Abraham was, I am.‖ 59 So they picked upcome again to you.‖ 6 And Abraham took the wood of eternal inheritance, since a death has occurred that stones to throw at him, but Jesus hid himself and wentthe burnt offering andlaid it on Isaac his son. And he redeems them from the transgressions committed under out of the temple.took in his hand the fire and the knife. So they went both the first covenant.of them together. 7 And Isaac said to his father Psalm 43Abraham, ―My father!‖ And he said, ―Here I am, my John 8:42-59 Send Out Your Light and Your Truthson.‖ He said, ―Behold, the fire and the wood, but where 42 Jesus said to them, ―If God were your Father, you 43 Vindicate me, O God, and defend my causeis the lamb for a burnt offering?‖ 8 Abraham said,―God would love me, for I came from God and I am here. I against an ungodly people,will provide for himself the lamb for a burnt offering, my came not of my own accord, but he sent me. 43 Why do from the deceitful and unjust manson.‖ So they went both of them together. you not understand what I say? It is because you deliver me!9 When they came to the place of which God had told cannot bear to hear my word. 44 You are of your father 2 For you are the God in whom I take refuge;him, Abraham built the altar there and laid the wood in the devil, and your will is to do your fathers desires. He why have you rejected me?order and bound Isaac his son and laid him on the was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand Why do I go about mourningaltar, on top of the wood. 10 Then Abraham reached out in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he because of the oppression of the enemy?his hand and took the knife to slaughter his son. 11 But lies, he speaks out of his own character, for he is a liar 3 Send out your light and your truth;the angel of the LORDcalled to him from heaven and and the father of lies. 45 But because I tell the truth, you let them lead me;said, ―Abraham, Abraham!‖ And he said, ―Here I do not believe me. 46 Which one of you convicts me of let them bring me to your holy hillam.‖ 12 He said, ―Do not lay your hand on the boy or do sin? If I tell the truth, why do you not believe and to your dwelling!anything to him, for now I know that you fear me? 47 Whoever is of God hears the words of God. The 4 Then I will go to the altar of God,God, seeing you have not withheld your son, your only reason why you do not hear them is that you are not of to God my exceeding joy,son, from me.‖ 13 And Abraham lifted up his eyes and God.‖ and I will praise you with the lyre,looked, and behold, behind him was a ram, caught in a O God, my God.thicket by his horns. And Abraham went and took the Before Abraham Was, I Am 5 Why are you cast down, O my soul,ram and offered it up as a burnt offering instead of his 48 The Jews answered him, ―Are we not right in saying and why are you in turmoil within me?son. 14 So Abraham called the name of that that you are a Samaritan and have a demon?‖ 49 Jesus Hope in God; for I shall again praise him,place, ―The LORD will provide‖; as it is said to this answered,―I do not have a demon, but I honor my my salvation and my God.day, ―On the mount of the LORDit shall be provided.‖ Father, and you dishonor me. 50 Yet I do not seek my own glory; there is One who seeks it, and he is the