Table of Duties Civil Government and Citizens Certain passages of Scripture for various holy orders and positions, admonishing them about their duties and responsibilities Memorization Verses:Rom 13:1-4 Let every person be subject to the you have no fear of the one who is in authority?governing authorities. For there is no authority Then do what is good, and you will receive hisexcept from God, and those that exist have been approval, for he is Gods servant for your good.instituted by God. Therefore whoever resists the But if you do wrong, be afraid, for he does not bearauthorities resists what God has appointed, and the sword in vain. For he is the servant of God, anthose who resist will incur judgment. For rulers avenger who carries out Gods wrath on the
LSB 965 To God above the skies;http://www.lutheran- On Him we wait. hymnal.com/online/tlh-577.mid Thou who art ever nigh,(My Country Tis of Thee) Guarding with watchful eye, To Thee aloud we cry:1 God bless our native land; God save the state!Firm may she ever standThrough storm and night.When the wild tempests rave,Ruler of wind and wave,Do Thou our country saveBy Thy great might.2 So shall our prayers arise
America, the Beautiful Who more than self their country loved, O beautiful for spacious skies, And mercy more than life. For amber waves of grain, America! America! May God thy gold For purple mountain majesties refine Above the fruited plain. Till all success be nobleness, America! America! God shed His grace on And evry grain divine. thee, O Beautiful for patriot dream And crown thy good with brotherhood that sees beyond the years. From sea to shining sea. Thine alabaster cities gleam, O beautiful for pilgrim feet, Undimmed by human tears. Whose stern impassiond stress America! America! God shed his grace on A thoroughfare for freedom beat thee, Across the wilderness. And crown thy good with brotherhood, America! America! God men thine evry From sea to shining sea. flaw, Confirm thy soul in self-control, Thy liberty in law. O beautiful for heroes provd In liberating strife,
What would it be like to be a Christian…. In various In various times… places…
Open Prayer for our government and that of PRAYER other nations:• Civil Suggested verses: Psalm 72.Government• Taxes• Debts, respect,honor• Praying forauthority• SubmissionP raiseR epentanceA ppreciationY ouE veryoneR esolve
National Anthem: v3 Oh, thus be it ever when free men shall stand Between their loved homes and the wars desolation! Blest with victry and peace, may the heavn rescued land Praise the Powr that hath made and preserved us a nation! Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just, And this be our motto, "In God is our trust" And the Star-Spangled Banner in triumph shall wave Oer the land of the free and the home of the brave!
Over the past several centuries, people havemistakenly linked democracy and political freedom toChristianity. That’s why many contemporaryevangelicals believe the American Revolution wascompletely justified, both politically and scripturally.They follow the arguments of the Declaration ofIndependence, which declares that life, liberty, and thepursuit of happiness are divinely endowed rights.Therefore those believers say such rights are part of aChristian worldview, worth attaining and defending atall cost including military insurrection at times. Butsuch a position is contrary to the clear teachings andcommands of Romans 13:1-7. So the United Stateswas actually born out of a violation of New Testamentprinciples, and any blessings God has bestowed onAmerica have come in spite of that disobedience bythe Founding Fathers
There are those who would insist that, if the governmentforced them to participate in an unjust war, they would havethe right to rebel against the government. Revolution,however, is not an option for the Christian. The governmentis still God’s established authority. We can work within theframework of the established laws of the land to bring aboutchange, but resorting to a violent confrontation with thegovernment is not acceptable before God. Two wrongs donot make a right. If the government is wrong and we aremistreated for refusing to participate, the Lord will take theproper action in his own time and in his own way.
Today I believe that I am acting in accordance with the will of the Almighty Creator: by defending myself against the Jew, I am fighting for the work of the Lord.
1. Slaves2. Nomadic subsistence tribes3. Theocratic, Monarchical City-State4. Judged exiles under evil Empire5. Province under Imperial control6. Two kingdoms separate, early Christian socialism7. Christian Roman Empire8. Christian Feudal Monarchies9. Christian City-States based on economy10. Reformation City-States based on faith practice11. Colonial provinces with plural Christian identities12. Colonial grievances due to taxation without representation13. State and Federal Governments united with formal separation of powers and church/state with successful constitution and bill of rights
God’s Kingdom Kingdom of the Left Kingdom of the Right1. Civil Government 1. Church government 2. Christians Only (visible/invisible)2. Christians and non-Christians 3. Proclaiming Gospel peace3. Wars based on defense 4. Christian equality, service of the sick4. Reward good, punish evil The Christian and poor 1. Citizen of the State 2. Congregant of the Church 3. Owes allegiance to both 4. Recognizes God’s Kingdom above both
1. Properly Declared: 1. It must be a declared war and waged by a legitimate authority. Whatever channels the nation has defined for making decisions of this sort must be observed.2. Just Cause: 1. The cause must be just. This is usually understood to mean that the nation must defend itself against attack, preserving an order that serves its citizens and preserving the lives innocent citizens.3. Right Attitude: 1. There must be a right intention or attitude. This was particularly important to Augustine, who believed a Christian should not enter into war with a spirit of hatred or vindictiveness.4. Last Resort: 1. It must be the last resort. Every peaceful means of resolving international problems must be vigorously pursued.5. Hope of Success: 1. There must be reasonable hope of success. It is irresponsible to go to war if there is no realistic prospect of a nation’s successfully defending itself.6. Better than not: 1. The good likely to be achieved by victory must outweigh the possible evil effects. This is the norm of proportionality. Even if a nation believes its prospects for winning the war are good, the cost in terms of loss of life and massive destruction may not warrant the conflict.7. Right Means: 1. The right means must be employed in the conduct of the war. This is the norm of discrimination. A nation is responsible for avoiding acts that show a wanton disregard for life. This means that there are legitimate and illegitimate military targets. The distinction between combatants and noncombatants must be observed, and prisoners of war must be treated humanely
Lutheran Theology is unique amongst Christian traditions (particularly American traditions in the following): 1. Strong understanding/awareness of global Christian community 2. Progenitor of Separation of Church and State as a formal principle (two kingdom theology) 3. Understanding of the depth of sin and man’s depravity all realms of authority. 4. Cohesive theology overrules political pragmatism 5. Christ’s grace removes ethical dilemmas towards Christian liberty
I discovered later, and Im still discovering right up to this moment, that is it only by living completely in this world that one learns to have faith. By this- worldliness I mean living unreservedly in lifes duties, problems, successes and failures. In so doing we throw ourselves completely into the arms of God, taking seriously, not our own sufferings, but those of God in the world. That, I think, is faith
Take my advice dear lords. Stay out of war unless you have to defend and protect yourselves and your office compels you to fight. Then let war come.Be men, and test yourarmor!
Justin, Sues: Mark, Neil: 1. What does scripture say about taxation? 1. How should Christians view 2. Why do Christians pay their taxes? 3. How is taxation like tithing, and how is it injurious governments? different? 2. What steps should Christians take Maurice, Susan: to oppose government where 1. Is the armed forces a Christian vocation necessary? according to scripture? 3. Should Christians ever participate 2. What is the conduct of a Christian soldier? in protest, revolt, civil war, etc.? 3. What obligation do Christian soldiers have to the state, to God? Reed, Hedder: Karol, Kim: 1. How do Christians live as both a 1. What is appropriate government prayer citizen of the world and a according to scripture? congregant of Christ’s church? 2. How might one pray for an “evil” 2. What is the purpose of living in government? 3. How should prayer in the public space be two kingdoms? appropriated by Christians? 3. What is our responsibility in the world?
• Civil Government • Taxes • Debts, respect, honor • Praying for authority • Submission •______________________________ SS Civil Government M Taxes T Debts, respect, honor W Praying for authority Say Mean Matter Th Submission Key phrases Own words Answer the questions/ Personal application
According to the apostle Paul, carries out Gods wrath on the Christians should honor legitimate wrongdoer. government as an authority • established by God, to reward and Pray: Heavenly Father, we thank You punish justly. Rom 13:1-4 Let every for having given us freedom through person be subject to the governing Your Son to live as citizens of Your authorities. For there is no authority kingdom. We pray that by the gift of except from God, and those that exist Your Spirit we may also live have been instituted by God. 2 Therefore honorably and prudently with all men whoever resists the authorities resists as citizens of the state. Keep us from what God has appointed, and those who becoming indiscreet, from acting resist will incur judgment. 3 For rulers rashly, from neglecting the rights of are not a terror to good conduct, but to others, from willful disobedience and bad. Would you have no fear of the one the neglect of just laws, and from all who is in authority? Then do what is manner of mischief that is harmful to good, and you will receive his approval, the community. By Your grace enable 4 for he is Gods servant for your good. us to overcome all temptation and do But if you do wrong, be afraid, for he what is pleasing to You by faith in our does not bear the sword in vain. For he is Lord Jesus Christ. Amen. the servant of God, an avenger who
Justin, Sues: 1. What does scripture say about taxation? 2. Why do Christians pay their taxes? 3. How is taxation like tithing, and how is it different?
The Lord calls us to pay our taxes, pray for our government, and obey our nations laws. Matthew 22:21 They said, “Caesars.” Then he said to them, “Therefore render to Caesar the things that are Caesars, and to God the things that are Gods.” •
Maurice, Susan: 1. Is the armed forces a Christian vocation according to scripture? 2. What is the conduct of a Christian soldier? 3. What obligation do Christian soldiers have to the state, to God?
Romans 13:5-7 Therefore one must be in subjection, not only to avoid Gods wrath but also for the sake of conscience. 6 For because of this you also pay taxes, for the authorities are ministers of God, attending to this very thing. 7 Pay to all what is owed to them: taxes to whom taxes are owed, revenue to whom revenue is owed, respect to whom respect is owed, honor to whom honor is owed. •
Karol, Kim: 1. What is appropriate government prayer according to scripture? 2. How might one pray for an “evil” government? 3. How should prayer in the public space be appropriated by Christians?
1 Timothy 2:1-3 First of all, then, I urge that supplications, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgivings be made for all people, 2 for kings and all who are in high positions, that we may lead a peaceful and quiet life, godly and dignified in every way. 3 This is good, and it is pleasing in the sight of God our Savior. •
Mark, Neil: 1. How should Christians view injurious governments? 2. What steps should Christians take to oppose government where necessary? 3. Should Christians ever participate in protest, revolt, civil war, etc.?
Titus 3:1 Remind them to be submissive to rulers and authorities, to be obedient, to be ready for every good work, 1 Peter 2:13-14 Be subject for the Lords sake to every human institution, whether it be to the emperor as supreme, or to governors as sent by him to punish those who do evil and to praise those who do good. • Pray: O Lord, make the priests and kings peaceful; that in one church priests may pray for their kings, and kings spare those round about them; and may the peace which is within You become ours, Lord, the One who is within and without all things! Amen. (Ephrem of Syria, c. 306-73)
Reed, Hedder: 1. How do Christians live as both a citizen of the world and a congregant of Christ’s church? 2. What is the purpose of living in two kingdoms? 3. What is our responsibility in the world?
God Bless America. Land that I love Stand beside her, and guide her Thru the night with a light from above. From the mountains, to the prairies , To the oceans, white with foam God bless America My home sweet home."
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