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12.03.02 church discipline and excommunication
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12.03.02 church discipline and excommunication


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  • 1. Confession Office of the Keys The Giving and Receiving of Forgiveness… Memorization Verses:The Christian congregation must carry out along, so that every matter may be establishedchurch discipline in love and patience. "If your by the testimony of two or three witnesses. Ifbrother sins against you, go and show him his he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church;fault, just between the two of you. If he listens and if he refuses to listen even to theto you, you have won your brother over. But if church, treat him as you would a pagan or a taxhe will not listen take one or two others collector " (Mt. 18:15-17).
  • 2.  LSB 606 lutheran- He all my sorrows shares.  3 I rest my soul on Jesus, 1 I lay my sins on Jesus, This weary soul of mine; The spotless Lamb of God; His right hand me embraces, He bears them all and frees us I on His breast recline. From the accursed load. I love the name of Jesus, I bring my guilt to Jesus Immanuel, Christ, the Lord; To wash my crimson stains Like fragrance on the breezes White in His blood most precious His name abroad is poured. Till not a spot remains. 2 I lay my wants on Jesus, All fulness dwells in Him; He heals all my diseases, My soul He does redeem. I lay my griefs on Jesus, My burdens and my cares; He from them all releases,
  • 3. ExcommunicadoDiscipline:training, regimen, punishment, rigor, behavior.Did it work for you???
  • 4. Pray: PRAYER Psalm 1: 1 Blessed is the one• Discipline who does not walk in step with the wicked or stand in the way that sinners take• Action or sit in the company of mockers,• Authority 2 but whose delight is in the law of the LORD,• Purpose and who meditates on his law day and night. 3 That person is like a tree planted by streams of• Duty water,P raise which yields its fruit in seasonR epentance and whose leaf does not wither— whatever they do prospers. 4 Not so the wicked!A ppreciation They are like chaffY ou that the wind blows away.E veryone 5 Therefore the wicked will not stand in theR esolve judgment, nor sinners in the assembly of the righteous. 6 For the LORD watches over the way of the righteous, but the way of the wicked leads to destruction.
  • 5. Excommunication: The Trickle Down Effect Church discipline also affects the condemneds household in a myriad of ways. At a time when my identity was forming, I witnessed the excommunication of my father. In this intimate black and white painting I wanted the congregation to sustain a voyeuristic ambiance. The church is a carnival, with father and me as the spectacle-- a sideshow for an otherwise dry and uneventful assemblage. The red hues collaborate with the boys nudity to further emphasize humiliation. The tears varnish the pew grain, staining the churchs tradition of charity with judgment, as personified by a mythical monster, with its toxic social and spiritual fangs. At the front of the church is the ruling patriarchal power, unidentified and in the shadow. This situation is precarious because there is no real antagonist, only turmoil. The Bishop is a disturbing figure, even though he means no menace, and his holy kiss beckons any with a repentant spirit. [Read about the Waterlander Mennonites and their issues with church discipline.]
  • 6.  Oh, how horrible our sins look when they are committed by someone else!  Chuck Smith We have fallen short in honoring all people of God and being an instrument for that grace. . . .We have disciplined, censured and expelled when we should have listened, learned and included.  ELCA “Rite of Reception” ordaining three lesbian ministers
  • 7.  •What great care must be taken in dealing with an openly unrepentant sinner? • What must the congregation finally do with openly unrepentant sinners? • By what authority does the congregation excommunicate openly unrepentant sinners? • What is the duty of the called minister of Christ when the congregation has excommunicated a sinner? • What is the purpose of excommunication? • What is the duty of a congregation toward an excommunicated sinner who repents? •______________________________ Say Mean Matter SS Discipline Key phrases Own words Answer the M Action questions/ T Authority Personal W Purpose application Th Duty
  • 8.  The New Testament indicates that the ministry of the keys is given to all Christians. All Christians have the commission to share the gospel with other people (1 Pe 2:9). It is also clear in God’s Word that God wants a “public ministry” as well. God wants there to be leaders who use the keys on behalf of other Christians. When Christ picked the apostles, he showed his desire for a “public ministry”. Ephesians 4 says that Christ gave apostles and other leaders to the church. When the New Testament gives qualifications for elders and deacons, it shows that God wants a public ministry.
  • 9.  Elder (Presbyteros)  Overseer (episcopos)  Functions as teaching group in the church  Ac 20:17,28; Tit 1:6,7  Php 1:1; 1 (two-fold division) Deacon (Diaconos)  Functions more as charity service and finances  However, the roles and names do overlap/switch Conclusion?  Church governance is a matter of individual churches or synods in keeping with general boundaries of scripture  No specific pattern, name or hierarchy of people is required.
  • 10.  Beyond a preacher  Shepherding means to be amongst the flock (1 peter 5:2)  Paul is not a pastor, but an apostle/evangelist who maintains contact of churches who support him Timothy 3 and Titus 1 1. One must seek the office 10. Not violent but gentle 2. Must be without reproach 11. Not quarrelsome 3. A husband of one wife 12. Not a lover of money 4. Self-controlled 13. Must manage his own household 5. Sober-minded well, with all dignity keeping his 6. Orderly children submissive 7. Hospitable 14. Must not be a recent convert 8. Able to teach 15. Moreover, must be well thought 9. Not a drunkard of by outsiders
  • 11.  The verb poimaino (to shepherd) and the nouns poimne/poimnion (flock) are also used in connection with public ministers.  John 21:16 -- Feed my sheep.  Acts 20:28 -- Keep watch over yourselves and all the flock of which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers. Be shepherds of the church of God.  1 Peter 5:1-3 - To the elders among you, I appeal ...Be shepherds of God’s flock that is under your care, serving as overseers ...not lording it over those entrusted to you, but being examples to the flock.I Of course, shepherding as an image for those who lead God’s people, has its roots in the Old Testament.  The Lord said to David, “You will shepherd my people Israel” (2 Samuel 5:2).  The Lord promised through Jeremiah, “I will give you shepherds after my own heart, who will lead you with knowledge and understanding” (Jeremiah 3:15).  Ezekiel 34 speaks of Israel’s wicked leaders as “shepherds who only take care of themselves.”
  • 12.  What does it mean to “Shepherd”?  Protect against enemies  Defend against error and deceit  Discipline against sin and sloth The leadership of the Pastor extends to areas of one’s personal life when:  It affects the faith of others in the congregation  Directly harms others  Is an openly defiant sin
  • 13.  But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach  a)na/qema: A vow any other gospel unto you than that which we to God without hope of redemption have preached unto you, let him be accursed.  Kriðnw: To pronounce  Galatians 1:8 and separate between For I, on my part, though absent in body but actions present in spirit, have already judged him who  onomati tou kurio u Ihsou: Christ’s has so committed this, as though I were character and persona. present. In the name of our Lord Jesus, when you Spoken in his stead are assembled, and I with you in spirit, with the using His insignia appropriately power of our Lord Jesus, I have decided to deliver such a one to Satan for the destruction of his  dunamei tou kurio uhmwn Ihsou: flesh, so that his spirit may be saved in the day of Christ’s axiomatic the Lord Jesus. authority and power.  1 Cor. 5: 1-5  toiouton tw Satan a eiv oleqron: Allow the accuser and adversary destroy the man physically
  • 14.  A bishop has the power of the order, namely, the ministry of the Word and sacraments. He also has the power of jurisdiction, namely, the authority to excommunicate those who are guilty of public offenses or to absolve them if they are converted and ask for absolution.But he has a definite command, a definite Word of God, which he ought to teach and according to which he ought to exercise his jurisdiction.”  Ap XXVIII. 13-14 Distinction between Luther and Rome on civil penalties.
  • 15.  Each church has the freedom in Christ to setup their own focus  In keeping with the gospel and admin. of sacraments. Question: Should church be a gymnasium (working out and training up) or a hospital (comforting and recovering)?  While many churches choose one or the other, spiritually thriving churches will focus on both. The practice of excommunication is meant to:  TRAIN UP both the sinner and the congregant.  RECOVER the sinner through repentance and reconciliation
  • 16.  no one should under any circumstances be coerced or compelled, lest we institute a new slaughter of souls. Nevertheless, let it be understood that people who abstain and absent themselves from the sacrament over a long period of time are not to be considered Christians. Christ did not institute it to be treated merely as a spectacle, but commanded his Christians to eat and drink and thereby remember him." (LC V, 42)
  • 17.  The Christian congregation must carry out  • church discipline in love and patience. "If  Pray: Send forth into the highways, and your brother sins against you, go and show gather together good and bad. Bring the him his fault, just between the two of you. weak, the blind, and the lame into Your If he listens to you, you have won your church. Command that Your house be brother over. But if he will not listen take filled. Bring in all for Your supper, for You one or two others along, so that every will make each person worthy whom You matter may be established by the shall call, if he follows You. A person is testimony of two or three witnesses. If he indeed rejected who does not have the refuses to listen to them, tell it to the wedding garment, that is, the vestment of church; and if he refuses to listen even to love, the veil of grace. What fellowship the church, treat him as you would a can people have with You, who will not pagan or a tax collector " (Mt. 18:15-17). receive the keys of the kingdom of Gal. 6:1-2 Brothers, if someone is caught in a heaven, saying that they ought not to sin, you who are spiritual should restore him forgive sins? Amen. (Ambrose of Milan, c. gently. But watch yourself, or you also may 339-97). be tempted. Carry each others burdens, and in this way you will fulfill the law of Christ. Eph. 4:2-3 Be completely humble and gentle; be patient, bearing with one another in love. Make every effort to keep the unity of the Spirit through the bond of peace.
  • 18.  The Christian congregation must exclude decide matters. Above all grant that we openly unrepentant sinners all may cheerfully agree to be dealt with (excommunication). according to Your Word whenever we 1 Cor. 5:13 God will judge those outside. have sinned, yea, that we judge ourselves "Expel the wicked man from among you." in order that we may not be judged on Judgment Day, but hear the blessed • verdict: “Come, ye blessed of My Pray: Lord Jesus Christ, You have Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for appointed each Christian congregation to you from the foundation of the world.” sit in judgment upon its members. But in Hear us for the sake of Your mercy. such judgment the congregation is not to Amen. (C.F. W. Walther, 1811-1887). respect persons nor to follow its own mind; no, it is to be guided by Your sacred written Word alone. And if it is guided by that divine rule and standard, You have promised to ratify in heaven what it does on earth, to loose those whom it looses and to bind those whom it binds; and on that terrible day You will carry out in mercy and justice the verdict it returned here on earth. Grant that we, Your little flock, may be just judges and allow Your Word alone to
  • 19.  Excommunication is authorized by beloved Christendom unto eternal life. Christ and is just as valid and Grant me Your grace, I pray, that in certain, even in heaven, as if Christ this office I may always seek our dear Lord dealt with us Himself. forgiveness of sins and the Matt. 18:18 1 tell you the strengthening of my faith. And guard truth, whatever you bind on earth will me, lest I belong to those whose sins be bound in heaven. must be retained through fault of their own. Amen. (C.M. Zorn, 1846-1928). The called minister of Christ must carry out the resolution of the congregation, that is, he must exclude the excommunicated person from the rights and privileges of a Christian. • Pray: I thank You, Lord Jesus, Most High, that within Your Church on earth You have instituted the ministry of the Word and the Sacraments, through which You increase, strengthen, and preserve Your
  • 20.  Excommunication is not intended to  •Pray: Lord Jesus, from Your Word I punish the sinner, but to know that You have made A. lead him or her to repentance and me, too, Your disciple and a member faith; of Your Church, to whom You have committed the powers and duties Matt. 12:20 A bruised reed He will not comprised in the Office of the Keys. I break, and a smoldering wick He will not beg You to grant me Your Holy Spirit snuff out. that I may prove myself worthy of Acts 3:19 Repent, then, and turn to such honor, and faithfully fulfill such God, so that your sins may be wiped out. obligation on my humble part, that B. prevent him or her from leading Your holy name may be praised on others into sin. earth unto the salvation of many. Matt. 18:6 If anyone causes one of these Amen. (Zorn). little ones who believe in Me to sin, it would be better for him to have a large millstone hung around his neck and to be drowned in the depths of the sea. 1 Cor. 5:6 Your boasting is not good. Dont you know that a little yeast works through the whole batch of dough?
  • 21.  The congregation must forgive any that You say to me, “His sins which are excommunicated person who repents and many are forgiven, because he loved receive him or her back into full much”? I confess that I owe more, and fellowship. that more has been forgiven me. Grant 2 Cor. 2:7-8 Now instead, you ought to that You would come to this grave of forgive and comfort him so that he will not be mine, O Lord, that You would wash me overwhelmed by excessive sorrow. I urge with Your tears, since in my hardened eyes you, therefore, to reaffirm your love for him. I do not possess tears that are able to wash • away my offenses. If You will weep for Pray: Show your wound to the Physician me, I shall be saved. Call forth Your that He may heal it. Even though you servant. Amen. (Ambrose of Milan, c. don’t show it, He knows about it, but waits 339-97). to hear your voice. Do away with your scars by tears of repentance. Be like that woman in the Gospel; she wiped out the stench of her sin. In this way she washed away her fault—washing the feet of Jesus with her tears. O Lord Jesus, where can I obtain living water, with which I man wash Your feet? If I have no water, I have tears. And while I wash Your feet with them, I trust that I cleanse myself also. Why is it
  • 22.  Psalm 23 1 The LORD is my shepherd, I lack nothing. 2 He makes me lie down in green pastures, he leads me beside quiet waters, 3 he refreshes my soul. He guides me along the right paths for his name’s sake. 4 Even though I walk through the darkest valley, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me. 5 You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies. You anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows. 6 Surely your goodness and love will follow me all the days of my life, and I will dwell in the house of the LORD forever.
  • 23. The Christian congregation must carry out person from the rights and privileges of achurch discipline in love and patience. "If Christian.your brother sins against you, go and show Excommunication is not intended to punishhim his fault, just between the two of you. the sinner, but toIf he listens to you, you have won your A. lead him or her to repentance andbrother over. But if he will not listen take faith;one or two others along, so that every B. prevent him or her from leading othersmatter may be established by the testimony into sin.of two or three witnesses. C. The congregation must forgive anyThe Christian congregation must exclude excommunicated person who repentsopenly unrepentant sinners and receive him or her back into full(excommunication). fellowship.Excommunication is authorized by Christand is just as valid and certain, even inheaven, as if Christ our dear Lord dealtwith us Himself.The called minister of Christ must carry outthe resolution of the congregation, thatis, he must exclude the excommunicated
  • 24.  Nature of Communion